Kamloops


Kamloops

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Kamloops, British Columbia
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image_shield = Kamloops-lCOA.pngshield_size =125px
image_blank_emblem = Kamloops-logo.pngblank_emblem_size =125px


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dot_map_caption =Location of Kamloops within the Thompson-Nicola District in British Columbia, Canada
dot_x =122 |dot_y =132
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = BC
subdivision_type2 = District
subdivision_name2 = Thompson-Nicola District
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =Mayor
leader_name =Terry Lake
leader_title1 = Governing body
leader_name1 =Kamloops City Council
leader_title2 =MP
leader_name2 =Betty Hinton
leader_title3 =MLAs
leader_name3 =Claude Richmond Kevin Krueger
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Founded
established_date =1818 (fur trading post)
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1893
established_title3 =
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area_total_km2 = 5686.19
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population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =
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population_total = 80,376
population_density_km2 = 16.3
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro = 92,882
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timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST =
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latd= 50|latm= 40|lats= 34|latNS=N
longd= 120|longm= 20|longs= 27|longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 360
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = V2B to V2E
area_code = +1-250
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website = [http://www.city.kamloops.bc.ca/ Kamloops.BC.ca]
footnotes =

Kamloops is a city in south central British Columbia, Canada, at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River and near Kamloops Lake. It is the largest community in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District and the location of the regional district's offices. The surrounding region is more commonly referred to as the Thompson Country. It is ranked 37th on the list of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada with 92,882 residents in 2006.

Geography and location

Kamloops is situated at 50°43'N 120°25'W, in the Thompson Valley (UTC-8) and the "Mountain Cordillera Ecozone". The central core of the city is located in the valley near the confluence of the North and South branches of the Thompson River. Suburbs stretch for more than a dozen kilometers along both North and South branches, as well as to the steep hillsides along the south portion of the city. Kamloops Indian Band areas begin just to the northeast of the downtown core but are not located within the city limits. As a result of this placement, it is necessary to leave Kamloops' city limits and pass through the band lands before re-entering the city limits to access the communities of Rayleigh and Heffley Creek. Kamloops is surrounded by the smaller communities of Cherry Creek, Pritchard, Savona, Scotch Creek, Adams Lake, Chase, Paul lake, Pinantan and various others, many of which are included in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District (TNRD).

History

The Kamloops area was exclusively inhabited by the Secwepemc (Shuswap) nation (part of the Interior Salish language group) prior to the arrival of European settlers. The first European explorers arrived in 1811, and David Stewart set up Fort Kamloops, a fur trading post, on the south side of the river junction for the Pacific Fur Company in 1812. The North West Company quickly established Fort Thompson on the northeast side of the junction, and the following year the Pacific Fur Company left the area. In 1821, the Hudson's Bay Company merged with the North West Company and took control of the fur trade at Fort Thompson. In 1842, a new Fort Kamloops was built on the northwest side of the junction.

The gold rush of the 1860s and the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s brought further growth, resulting in the City of Kamloops being incorporated in 1893 with a population of about 500.

"Kamloops" is the anglicised version of the Shuswap word "Tk'emlups" , meaning 'meeting of the waters'. Shuswap is still actively spoken in the area by members of the Kamloops Indian Band. Another possible origin of the name comes from the French "Camp des loups" meaning 'Camp of Wolves', likely spoken by fur traders.

Industry

Major Kamloops-area industries include primary resource processing such as Domtar Kamloops' Pulp Mill, Tolko-Heffley Creek Plywood and Veneer, LaFarge Cement, Highland Valley Copper Mine (in Logan Lake), and various other industries. There are tertiary services as well, such as the British Columbia Lottery Corporation and Pollard Banknote (which makes the lottery tickets) and NRI distribution, among many others. Kamloops is also a transportation hub for the region due to its connections to Highways 5 and 97C, the Trans-Canada and Yellowhead Highways. It is the first major city east of Abbotsford on the highway. Kamloops is home to Kamloops Airport, which is a small international airport: however, there are constituent pressures to accommodate larger aircraft. Due to a persistent disagreement between the City's federal Liberal Party Mayor, Terry Lake, and the area's Conservative Member of Parliament, Betty Hinton, there is no federal funding available for the airport's expansion. [http://www.kamloopsthisweek.com/portals-code/list.cgi?paper=15&cat=23&id=815131&more=1] Update: the federal government has agreed to fund their share of the airport expansion. Update: Construction of the Kamloops airport expansion began in late July, 2008 There has also been speculation of an inland rail port.

Climate

The climate of Kamloops is a semi-arid steppe climate (Koppen climate classification "BSk") due to its rainshadow location. While situated in a semi-arid valley, Kamloops has winters that are generally mild and very short with an occasional cold snap where temperatures can drop to around -30 °C (-22 °F) when arctic air floods over the Rocky Mountains into the interior. However Kamloops has not seen -30 since the mid 1990sFact|date=May 2008. Snow can occur from November to March, but most of it falls over a few weeks in December and January. Winter mean temperature is -6.1 °C (20 °F) in January. The average number of cold days below -20 in one year is 6 as recorded by the government of B.C.

Perhaps surprisingly, considering that Kamloops is located at 50° latitude north, summers are quite hot with prevailing dry, and sunny weather. The average July maximum temperature is 28.3 °C (83 °F) and would be higher if not for occasional incursions of cool northerly airmasses. In most years, Kamloops can experience warm weather similar to that in southern California,fact|date=October 2008 as summer temperatures come close to or even exceed 40 °C (104 °F). Humidity is generally very low and night time temperatures are moderate.

Spring arrives very early, sometimes in February, due to mild air spilling over the coastal mountains from the Pacific Ocean. On February 27th 2008 Kamloops recorded 15.1 °C (60°F). Fall is generally a pleasant and a mostly dry season. On November 15th 2007 Kamloops recorded a day time high of 18.1 °C (65°F).

Kamloops lies in the "rain shadow" leeward of the Coast Mountains and is biogeographically connected to similar semi-desert and desert areas in the Okanagan region, the Osoyoos area, and the central parts of Washington and Oregon state as well as intermontane areas of Nevada and Idaho in the U.S. These areas of relatively similar climate have many distinctive native plants and animals in common, such as Ponderosa pine ("Pinus ponderosa"), big sagebrush ("Artemisia tridentata"), prickly pear cactus ("Opuntia fragilis" in this case), rattlesnakes ("Crotalus viridis"), Black widow spiders and Lewis's Woodpecker.



Current weather conditions and forecasts can be found at Environment Canada's Weatheroffice website [ [http://www.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca/city/pages/bc-45_metric_e.html Current weather] - Environment Canada's Weatheroffice] .

ports

Kamloops hosted the 1993 Canada Summer Games. It co-hosted (with Vancouver and Kelowna) the 2006 IIHF World U-20 Hockey Championship from December 26, 2005, to January 5, 2006. It hosted the 2006 BC Summer Games. The city is known as, and holds a Canadian trademark as, the Tournament Capital of Canada [ [http://www.kamloops.ca/index.shtml Kamloops Municipal Home Page ] ] .

Sun Peaks Resort is a nearby ski and snowboard hill. Olympic medalist skier Nancy Greene is director of skiing at Sun Peaks and the chancellor of Thompson Rivers University. The Overlander Ski Club runs the Stake Lake cross country ski area with 50 km of trails. Kamloops is home to world-famous mountain bikers such as Wade Simmons and Matt Hunter [ [http://www.specialized.com/bc/SBCWhatsNewDetail.jsp?article=5032&refp=TeamFreeride Specialized.com] ] . In 2007, the Kamloops Bike Ranch opened in Juniper Ridge along Highland Drive. The Kamloops Rotary Skatepark located at McArthur Island is one of the largest skateboard parks in Canada.Fact|date=August 2007 Kamloops will host the 2011 Western Canada summer Games.

Kamloops is home to the Western Hockey League's Kamloops Blazers, who play at the Interior Savings Centre, the Thompson Okanagan Junior Lacrosse League's Kamloops Junior B Rattlers, as well as the Kamloops Storm. Also calling Kamloops home is the Canadian Junior Football League's Kamloops Broncos, and Pacific Coast Soccer League's Kamloops Excel, both of whom play at Hillside Stadium.

Alumni of the Kamloops Blazers include:Mark Recchi, Jarome Iginla, Darryl Sydor, Nolan Baumgartner and Shane Doan, Scott Neidermayer.

Kamloops is also the hometown of world champion curler Jason Manchester.

There is a proposal to bring a Golden Baseball League expansion team to Kamloops for the 2009 season. If successful, it would be the city's first professional baseball team and the league's third Canadian team. [ [http://gdrinnan.blogspot.com/2007/10/kamloops-baseball-future-golden.html Kamloops' baseball future Golden?] (Taking Note with Gregg Drinnan, October 25, 2007)] [ [http://gdrinnan.blogspot.com/2007/10/gbl-in-kamloops.html GBL in Kamloops?] (Taking Note with Gregg Drinnan, October 27, 2007)] [ [http://gdrinnan.blogspot.com/2007/12/golden-baseball-league-coming-to.html Golden Baseball League coming to Kamloops] (Taking Note with Gregg Drinnan, December 18, 2007)]

Demographics

(according to Statistics Canada 2001 census [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5933042&Geo2=PR&Code2=59&Data=Count&SearchText=kamloops&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom= Kamloops Community Profile] - Statistics Canada. 2002. 2001 Community Profiles. Released June 27, 2002. Last modified: 2005-11-30. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 93F0053XIE.] ) Population: 86,491. Growth Rate (1996-2001): 1.2% Total Private Dwellings: 36,807 Area: 297.57 km² Density: 290.7 people per km²

Visible minority status

Total visible minority population (excluding Aboriginal peoples): 4,675
*South Asian: 1,790 or 1.9%
*Chinese: 1,000 or 1.1%
*Japanese: 690 or 0.74%
*Black: 340 or 0.4%
*Filipino: 305 or 0.3%
*Southeast Asian: 150 or 0.16%
*Korean: 150 or 0.16%
*Latin America: 130 or 0.13%
*Arab: 35 or 0.03%
*West Asian: 30 or 0.03%

*Non-classified visible minorities: 10 or 0.01%
*Multiple visible minorities: 45 or 0.04%

Religious groups

*35.0% Protestant
*19.2% Roman Catholic
*6.0% other Christian
*1.7% Sikh
*36.6% Other religion or no religion

Media

Education

Public schools

Public schools in the Kamloops area are part of School District 73 Kamloops/Thompson [ [http://www.sd73.bc.ca/ School District 73] ] .
*Elementary Schools (Grades K-6 or K-7)
**Aberdeen Elementary School
**AE Perry Elementary School
**Arthur Hatton Elementary School
**Arthur Stevenson Elementary School
**Beattie School of the Arts
**Bert Edwards Science and Technology School
**Dallas Elementary School
**David Thompson Elementary School
**Dufferin Elementary School
**George Hilliard Elementary School
**Heffley Creek Elementary School
**John Tod Elementary School
**Juniper Ridge Elementary School
**Kamloops/Thompson Virtual School
**Kay Bingham Elementary School
**Lloyd George Elementary School
**Marion Shilling Elementary School
**McGowan Park Elementary School
**McQueen Lake Elementary School
**Pacific Way Elementary School
**Parkcrest Elementary School
**Pinantan Elementary School
**Ralph Bell Elementary School
**Rayleigh Elementary School
**R.L Clemitson Elementary School
**South Sa-hali Elementary School
**Stuart Wood Elementary School
**Summit Elementary School
**Westmount Elementary School
* Secondary (Grades 10-12 or 8-12):
**Brocklehurst Secondary School
**Kamloops/Thompson Virtual School
**NorKam Secondary School
**Sa-hali Secondary School
**South Kamloops Secondary School
**Twin Rivers Education Centre
**Valleyview Secondary School
**Westsyde Secondary School
**Beattie School of the Arts (Pineridge Campus)
**@KOOL Kamloops Open On-Line Learning

Post-secondary

Kamloops is home to Thompson Rivers University [ [http://www.tru.ca/ Thompson Rivers University] ] , an undergraduate degree-granting university with satellite campuses in Clearwater, Barriere, Chase, Williams Lake, 100 Mile House, Cache Creek, Ashcroft, and Lillooet. TRU also has an open-distance learning division. Kamloops is also home to a satellite campus of Simon Fraser University. TRU has begun to offer MBA, M.Ed, and M.Sc. programs as well as undergraduate degrees.

Neighbourhoods

Officially recognized neighbourhoods within the city of Kamloops [ [http://www.kamloops.ca/maps/index.shtml Maps By Neighbourhood] ] . Unofficially recognized areas are listed beneath the neighbourhoods to which they belong:
*Aberdeen
*Barnhartvale
*Batchelor Heights
*Brocklehurst
*Campbell Creek
*Dallas
*Dufferin
*Heffley Creek
*Juniper Ridge
*Knutsford
*Lac Le Jeune
*Lower Sahali
**Peterson Creek
*MacArthur Island
*Mission Flats
*Mount Dufferin
**Versatile
*Noble Creek
*North Shore
*Rayleigh
*Rose Hill
*Southgate
*Thompson Rivers University
*Tranquille
*Upper Sahali
*Valleyview
*West End
*Westsyde
**Westmount

Notable people

Below is a list of people who are from Kamloops, or who lived there for an extended period.

* Dylan Armstrong, 2008 Olympics shotputter who finished 4th.
* Michael Shanks, actor, Stargate SG-1, born in Vancouver, BC, but grew up in Kamloops [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0788218/bio Internet Movie Database ] ]
* Leonard Marchand, P.C., C.M., the first person of First Nations ethnicity to serve in the federal cabinet and the first Status Indian to serve as a Member of Parliament See External Links below for references
* Mark Recchi, professional hockey player [ [http://www.nhl.com/nhl/app?service=page&page=PlayerDetail&playerId=8450725 NHL.com, Players Profile ] ]
* Jarome Iginla, Calgary Flames team captain NHL [ [http://www.nhl.com/nhl/app?service=page&page=PlayerDetail&playerId=8462042 NHL.com, Players Profile ] ]
* Maher Arar, falsely accused as a terrorist and was detained in Syria [ [http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/arar/ CBC News In Depth: Maher Arar ] ] (Arar lived in Kamloops for only about a year.)
* Lesra Martin, lawyer who helped with Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter's prison release [ [http://www.holnesslawgroup.com/lawyers/ Holness Law Group ] ]
* Ajaib Singh Bagri, suspect acquitted in the Air India Flight 182 terrorist bombing [ [http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/airindia/key_characters.html CBC News In Depth: Air India - Bombing of Air India Flight 182 ] ]
* Mitch Berger, NFL player [ [http://www.nfl.com/players/mitchberger/profile?id=BER067954 Mitch Berger ] ]
* Peter Wing, North America's first mayor of Chinese descent [cite news| title =Former Kamloops mayor dies at 93| page =| publisher ="Times Colonist"| date =2007-12-31| url =http://www.canada.com/victoriatimescolonist/news/story.html?id=fa547031-9ba6-4328-b374-12c47cee758d| accessdate =2008-04-16 ]
*Chris Masuak, Australian punk rock musician , lived in Kamloops 1968 to 1970
*Boris Karloff, actor, lived in Kamloops while working for the Jeanne Russell Theatre Company, ca. 1910
*Jolene Downey, Barrell Racer from Kamloops, who won the 2006 Calgary Stampede Barrell Racing Championship
*Todd MacFarlane Lived in and played baseball in Kamloops

Politics

* Mayor – Terry Lake
* Members of the Legislative Assembly:
** Claude Richmond, Kamloops
** Kevin Krueger, Kamloops/North Thompson

Federal Members of Parliament:
*Betty Hinton (2000–present) Conservative Party of Canada
*Nelson Riis (1980–2000) NDP
*Don Cameron (1979–1980) PC
*Len Marchand (1968–1979) Liberal Party of Canada
*Todd MacFarlane Lived in and played baseball in Kamloops

Planetary nomenclature

More recently, the city's name was adopted for a crater on the surface of Mars.Crater Kamloops was officially adopted by the International Astronomical Union, andWorking Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (IAU/WGPSN) in 1991.The location of the crater on the Martian surface is -53.8 degrees South Latitudeand 32.6 degrees West Longitude, with a diameter of 65.0 Kilometers.

[http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/] IAU/WGPSN Planetary Feature Nomenclature Database, USGS Branch of Astrogeology, Flagstaff, Arizona.

[http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/


] Image of KAMLOOPS Crater on MARS, slightly below and just Southwest of Martian Crater GALLE (Crater "Smiley Face").

ister cities

*flagicon|PHI Bacolod, Philippines
*flagicon|JPN Uji, Japan

ee also

* List of place names in Canada of Aboriginal origin

References

External links

* [http://www.elections.ca/eca/eim/article_search/article.asp?id=97&lang=e&frmPageSize=&textonly=false Leonard Marchand: The first Status Indian elected to Canada's Parliament]
* [http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/people/key/bio.asp?Language=E&query=356&s=M Federal Political Biography from the Library of Parliament]
* [http://wikitravel.org/en/Kamloops Kamloops in Wikitravel]
* [http://www.city.kamloops.bc.ca/ City website]
* [http://www.venturekamloops.com/ City business development]
* [http://www.adventurekamloops.com/ Tourism and things to do in Kamloops]
* [http://www.kamrail.com/ Kamloops Heritage Railway]
* [http://www.kamloopsnews.ca/ Kamloops Daily News website]
* [http://www.kamloopsplayers.theatrebc.org/ Kamloops Players - Community Theatre Club]
* [http://www.tru.ca/distance/ Open Learning @ Thompson Rivers University]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kamloops — Lage in British Columbia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kamloops — Administration Pays  Canada Province …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kamloops — es una ciudad de Canadá, se localiza en la provincia de Columbia Británica; a 50°40′33.8″N 120°20′26.6″O / 50.676056, 120.340722. Su extensión es de 297,57 km², y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kamloops —   [ kæmluːps], Stadt in der Provinz British Columbia, Kanada, am Thompson River, 67 100 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Versorgungszentrum für die Region (Viehwirtschaft, Obstbau, neuerdings auch Holzwirtschaft und …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kamloops — [kam′lo͞ops΄] [< ? AmInd] city in S British Columbia, Canada: pop. 76,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kamloops — /kam loohps/, n. a city in S British Columbia, in SW Canada. 58,311. * * * ▪ British Columbia, Canada  city, southern British Columbia, Canada. (Canada) It lies astride the confluence of the North and South Thompson rivers near their expansion… …   Universalium

  • Kamloops — Original name in latin Kamloops Name in other language Kamloops, Kamlups, YKA, kamlwbs, kwlwmbya albrytanyt, kamlwps, kamurupusu, kan lu pu si, Камлупс, State code CA Continent/City America/Vancouver longitude 50.66648 latitude 120.3192 altitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kamloops — Sp Kámlupsas Ap Kamloops L ež., mst. Kanadoje (Britų Kolumbija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • kamloops — noun see kamloops trout * * * /kam loohps/, n. a city in S British Columbia, in SW Canada. 58,311 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kamloops — geographical name city Canada in S British Columbia population 77,281 …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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