Territorial Prelate

A territorial prelate is, in Catholic usage, a prelate whose geographic jurisdiction, called territorial prelature, does not belonging to any diocese and is considered a particular church.

The territorial prelate is sometimes called a prelate "nullius", from the Latin "nullius diœceseos", prelate "of no diocese," meaning the territory falls directly under the jurisdiction of the pope and is not a diocese under a residing bishop.

The term is also used in a generic sense, and may then equally refer to an apostolic prefecture, and apostolic vicariate or a territorial abbacy (see there).

tatus

A territorial prelate exercises quasi-episcopal jurisdiction in a territory not comprised in any diocese. The origin of such prelates must necessarily be sought in the Apostolic privileges, for only he whose authority is superior to that of bishops can grant an exemption from episcopal jurisdiction. Such exemption, therefore, comes only from the Pope.

The rights of prelates "nullius" are quasi-episcopal, and these dignitaries are supposed to have any power that a bishop has, unless it is expressly denied to them by canonical law. When they have not received episcopal consecration, such prelates may not confer holy orders, but they have the privilege (if they are abbots and priests) of advancing candidates to tonsure and minor orders. If not consecrated episcopally, they have not the power to exercise those functions of consecrating oils, etc., which are referred to the episcopal order only analogously.

Prelates nullius may take cognizance of matrimonial causes within the same limits as a bishop; they may dispense from the proclamation of matrimonial banns, grant faculties for hearing confessions and preaching, reserve certain cases to themselves, publish indulgences and jubilees, exercise full jurisdiction over the enclosure of nuns, and invite any bishop to confirm in their quasi-diocese.

These prelates may not, however, without special permission of the Holy See, convoke a synod or institute synodal examiners. Neither may they confer parochial benefices. They are not allowed to grant indulgences, or absolve from the reserved cases and secret irregularities whose absolution is restricted to the pope ordinarily, but allowed to bishops by the Council of Trent; nor promote secular clerics to orders, nor grant dimissorial letters for ordination, nor exercise jurisdiction over regulars as Apostolic delegates.

Prelates nullius are, however, bound to residence, to preach the Word of God, to offer up Mass for their people, to make the visit ad limina, and in concurrence with the neighbouring bishop to make a visitation of their quasi-diocese.

The only prelate nullius in the United States was (is?) the Abbot of Maryhelp, Belmont, North Carolina.

List of nominal territorial prelatures

In April 2006, there were 48, all of the Roman (i.e Latin) Rite:

In Asia

*in the Philippines: Batanes-Babuyanes, Infanta, Ipil, Isabela, Libmanan, Marawi

In Europe

*in Italy: Loreto, Pompei
*in France: Mission de France
*in Lithuania: Klaipėda = Lietuva
*in Norway: Tromsø, Trondheim

In Latin America

*in Argentina: Cafayate, Deán Funes, Humahuaca
*in Bolivia: Aiquile, Corocoro
*in Brazil: Borba, Cameta, Coari, Cristalândia, Itacoatiara, Itaituba, Lábrea, Marajó, Óbidos, Paranatinga, São Félix, Tefé, Xingu
*in Chile: Calama, Illapel
*in Guatemala: Santo Cristo de Esquípulas
*in Mexico: Cancún–Chetumal, El Salto, Huautla, Jesús María, Mixes
*in Panama: Bocas del Toro
*in Peru: Ayaviri, Caravelí, Chota, Chuquibamba, Chuquibambilla, Huamachuco, Juli, Moyobamba, Sicuani, Yauyos

ources and references

*Catholic
* [http://www.gcatholic.com/dioceses/data/typeprel.htm GigaCatholic]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prelate — A prelate is a high ranking member of the clergy who either is an ordinary or ranks in precedence with ordinaries. The word derives from Latin prælatus , the past participle of præferre , literally, carry before, or to be set above, or over, or… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Trondheim — Trondheim, Norway (also known as Central Norway) is the seat of a Roman Catholic territorial prelate. It is led by a bishop, currently Georg Müller. The prelate includes parishes in Trondheim, Kristiansund, Levanger, Molde, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Loreto — The Territorial Prelature of Loreto (Latin: Territorialis Praelatura ab Alma Domo Lauretana ) is a Roman Catholic prelature which was elevated to this status on 24 June 1965. The Holy House of Loreto is located in it.:Since the fifteenth century …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Cancún-Chetumal — The Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Cancún Chetumal (erected 23 May 1970 as the Territorial Prelature of Chetumal, renamed 20 December 1996) is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Yucatán.Ordinaries*Jorge Bernal Vargas, L.C. (1973 2004)… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Huautla — The Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Huautla (erected 8 October 1972) is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Antequera, Oaxaca.Ordinaries*Hermenegildo Ramírez Sánchez, M.J. (1975 2005) Prelate Emeritus *Héctor Luis Morales Sánchez (2005 )… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of El Salto — The Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of El Salto (erected 10 June 1968) is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Durango.Ordinaries*Francisco Medina Ramirez, O.C.D. (1973 1988) *Manuel Mireles Vaquera (1988 2005) Prelate Emeritus *Ruy Rendón Leal …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Cafayate — The Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Cafayate (erected 8 September 1969) is in Argentina and is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Salta.Ordinaries*Diego Gutiérrez Pedraza O.S.A. (1973 1990) *Cipriano García Fernández O.S.A. (1991 2007)… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Deán Funes — The Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Deán Funes (erected 25 January 1980) is in Argentina and is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Córdoba.Ordinaries*Ramón Iribarne Arámburu, O. de M. (1980 1980) *Lucas Luis Dónnelly, O. de M. (1980 2000)… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Batanes-Babuyanes — The Prelature of Batanes babuyanes is a prelature of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines and was created on November 30, 1950, comprising the civil province of Batanes and the Babuyan Islands group which belongs to the province of… …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian Kaller — Bust of Kaller in Frombork s Cathedral of Ss. Mary Assumption and Andrew. Maximilian Kaller (10 October 1880 – 7 July 1947) was Roman Catholic Bishop of Ermland (Polish: Warmia) in East Prussia from 1930–1947, however, de facto expelled since mid …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.