Muroran, Hokkaidō


Muroran, Hokkaidō
Muroran
室蘭
—  City  —

Flag
Location of Muroran in Hokkaidō (Iburi)
Muroran is located in Japan
Muroran
 
Coordinates: 42°19′N 140°58′E / 42.317°N 140.967°E / 42.317; 140.967Coordinates: 42°19′N 140°58′E / 42.317°N 140.967°E / 42.317; 140.967
Country Japan
Region Hokkaidō
Prefecture Hokkaidō (Iburi)
Government
 – Mayor Takeshi Aoyama (since May 2011)
Area
 – Total 80.65 km2 (31.1 sq mi)
Population (March 2008)
 – Total 96,724
 – Density 1,210/km2 (3,133.9/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols
- Tree Japanese Rowan
- Flower Azalea
- Bird Coal Tit
- Fish Rockfish
Phone number 0143-22-1111
Address 1-2 Saiwaichō, Muroran-shi, Hokkaidō
051-8511
Website Muroran City

Muroran (室蘭市 Muroran-shi?) is a city and port located in Iburi, Hokkaidō, Japan. It is the capital city of Iburi Subprefecture.

As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 96,724 and a density of 1,210 people per km². The total area is 80.65 km².

Contents

History

The origin of Muroran's name is derived from the Ainu word "Mo Ruerani" that means "the bottom of a little slope". The little slope, in front of the former Senkai Temple in Sakimori-cho, is noted in connection with the name of Muroran.

In the late 16th century, the Muroran region came under the administration of the Matsumae clan. Muroran was developed as a trading post between the Ainu and the Matsumae clan people.

In 1892, the Port of Muroran was opened for the wooden bridge construction at Kaigan (former Tokikaramoi); at the same time, the main road began construction from Hakodate to Sapporo as the first step of Hokkaidō Colonization Plan.

With the opening of a ship route from Muroran to Mori and railroad extension to Iwamizawa, Muroran's municipality was started on August 1, 1922 as the core of the major land and sea traffic in the pioneer era of Hokkaidō. Since then, Muroran has been developing as an important transportation hub and a center of the steel industry. This unfortunately earned the town's industrial plants by a bombardment by some of the newest American battleships in July of 1945, in the closing days of World War II.

Today, there are large cement factories, steel mills, oil refineries, and shipyards clustered around the port of Muroran.

Climate

Muroran features an oceanic climate, a climate type that is very rare in Japan. Despite it being located on Hokkaido, Muroran typically does not see the very cold winters that the majority of the island is known for. Muroran does experience significant snowfall in the course of the year, averaging roughly 210 cm (83 inches) of snow per year. Summers in Muroran are mild by Japanese standards, not nearly as hot as summers in other Japanese cities. Average high temperatures in August, the city’s warmest month, is around 24 C. Winters in the city are noticeably drier than summers, with its driest month (February) seeing on average about 1/5 of the precipitation as its wettest month (August).

Climate data for Muroran (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.5
(32.9)
3.9
(39.0)
9.5
(49.1)
14.3
(57.7)
17.5
(63.5)
20.9
(69.6)
23.4
(74.1)
21.1
(70.0)
15.7
(60.3)
8.9
(48.0)
2.9
(37.2)
11.58
(52.84)
Average low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.9
(37.2)
7.2
(45.0)
11.5
(52.7)
15.8
(60.4)
18.5
(65.3)
15.4
(59.7)
9.6
(49.3)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
6.05
(42.89)
Precipitation mm (inches) 54.9
(2.161)
43.0
(1.693)
48.2
(1.898)
75.1
(2.957)
101.3
(3.988)
107.5
(4.232)
165.1
(6.5)
192.8
(7.591)
164.4
(6.472)
93.0
(3.661)
75.2
(2.961)
64.4
(2.535)
1,184.9
(46.65)
Snowfall cm (inches) 65
(25.6)
56
(22)
36
(14.2)
8
(3.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(3.1)
38
(15)
211
(83.1)
humidity 70 71 72 75 79 87 90 88 81 72 69 69 76.9
Avg. snowy days 28.7 24.9 20.2 4.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 11.0 24.1 114.5
Sunshine hours 89.7 121.9 181.6 194.2 194.1 156.5 128.0 143.0 167.8 170.2 105.0 74.4 1,726.4
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

Scenic spots

  • Hakucho Bridge (白鳥大橋) spans the Port of Muroran and is the largest suspension bridge in eastern Japan. Hakucho means swan.
  • Itanki Beach is a popular hang out for swimming and surfing during the summer months. The beach is very wide with fine brown sand.

Muroran holds eight specific scenic sights called Muroran-Hakkei(室蘭八景). The most famous of them is:

  • The Earth Cape (地球岬 chikyū misaki?) has a white lighthouse and panoramic blue ocean. Peregrin falcons can be spotted during the season.

Transportation

Muroran has an extensive network of public transportation. The JR trainline has five stops in Muroran, starting from Higashi Muroran and ending in downtown Muroran, and can be used to access both Hakodate to the South West, and Sapporo to the North East.

Education

Muroran houses one of the most prominent Marine Biology institutes in Japan, the Institute of Algological Research of Hokkaido University.

Famous people

Sister cities

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muroran — shi 室蘭市 Geographische Lage in Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muroran Station — Former Muroran Station Muroran Station …   Wikipedia

  • Muroran Institute of Technology — (室蘭工業大学, Muroran Kōgyō Daigaku …   Wikipedia

  • Muroran Irie Stadium — Muroran Irie Stadium, March 2006 Location Muroran, Hokkaido, Japan Capacity 12,600 Muroran Irie Stadium …   Wikipedia

  • Muroran Main Line — Muroran line map Super Hokuto limit …   Wikipedia

  • Hokkaidō Prefectural Board of Education — Hokkaido Prefectural Board of Education (北海道教育委員会) is a governmental agency that oversees public schools in Hokkaidō in Japan.The board directly oversees high schools in Hokkaidō.High schools [http://www.ipec.hokkaido c.ed.jp/links/gakkou.html]… …   Wikipedia

  • Muroran — shi (室蘭市) Vue de la ville et du Mont Sokuryo Administration Pays Japon Région Hokkaidō Préfecture …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hokkaidō Expressway — 道央自動車道 Route information Length: 413.6 km (257.0 mi) …   Wikipedia

  • Hokkaido Railway Company — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda JR Hokkaidō 785 series EMU …   Wikipedia Español

  • Muroran (Begriffsklärung) — Muroran bezeichnet: eine Unterpräfektur auf Hokkaidō: Unterpräfektur Iburi einen Landkreis in dieser Unterpräfektur: Muroran gun (Hokkaidō) die Stadt Muroran ku: Muroran Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheid …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.