Charles Burney (scholar)


Charles Burney (scholar)

Charles Burney, Junior FRS, DD (born at Lynn Regis, Norfolk December 4, 1757, died at Deptford, then in Kent, on December 28, 1817) was an English classical scholar, schoolmaster and clergyman.

Contents

Family and education

A native of London, he was the son of Charles Burney, the music historian, and his first wife Esther Sleepe. He was a brother of the novelist and diarist Fanny Burney and of the explorer James Burney, and a half-brother of the novelist Sarah Burney.

He was educated at Charterhouse School, London, and then at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. However, he was accused of stealing books from the university library, probably to pay debts, and sent down in 1778. He obtained an LLD degree from King's College, Aberdeen in 1781. Ironically, Burney later amassed legally a collection of 13,000 rare books and manuscripts that was ultimately bought by the nation for the British Museum in 1817 for the sum of £13,500.

Usher, scholar and parson

In 1782, Burney became a master at a private school in Chiswick run by Dr. William Rose, a translator of Sallust. He married Rose's daughter Sarah (1759–1821) in 1783. When Rose died in 1786, Burney took over the school, moving it to nearby Hammersmith and thence to Greenwich in 1793.

Many eminent naval and military officers were educated there, but he seems to have been such a strong disciplinarian that he provoked a rebellion of about 50 boys at some time in the early years of the new century. One boy described it in an undated letter to his mother. The boys took food, chessboards, cards and weapons, and barricaded themselves in: "Then Burney came and told them to open the door but they said it was not shut to be opened. He then got a ladder & got at the top of the door where he could see them all... till at last as the door was going to be cut open they unfastened it, when Burney rushed in. At first they hit him with their sticks but he knocked them about till at last they were quiet & Burney very generously gave them the choice of being expelled or forgiven; above 40 were forgiven and 2 expelled."[1]

Burney transferred the school to his only child Charles Parr Burney (1785–1864), who ran it from 1813 to 1833.

Burney gained a strong reputation as a Greek scholar with several publications to his name. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1802. He made his peace with Cambridge University, which awarded him an MA in 1808 on his ordination as an Anglican priest. He advanced rapidly in the church, becoming rector of the rich living of Cliffe, Kent, and of St. Paul's, Deptford, as well as serving as a royal chaplain and a prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral. He died of apoplexy.

Partial bibliography

  • Appendix ad lexicon Graeco-Latinum a Joan. Scapula constructum (1789)
  • Remarks on the Greek Verses of Milton (1790)
  • Richardi Bentleii et doctorum virorum epistolae (1807)
  • Tentamen de metris ab Aeschylo in choricis cantibus adhibitis (1809)
  • Philemonos lexikon technologikon (1812)[2]

Sources

Information from the websites of The Burney Centre, McGill University and The Royal Society. Accessed June 6, 2010.

  1. ^ The letter is quoted in The Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney (Madame d'Arblay), ed. Joyce Hemlow et al., Vol. 10 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972-84), p. 796, note 6. The incident is mentioned in retrospect as "The grand school-rebellion" in an 1828 letter from Sarah Burney addressed to a half-sister and a niece: The Letters of Sarah Harriet Burney, ed. Lorna J. Clark, (Athens, GA/London: University of Georgia Press), Letter 112, pp. 273 and 276, Note 8.
  2. ^ [1]. Accessed June 6, 2010.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Burney (disambiguation) — Charles Burney was a music historian. Charles Burney may also refer to: Charles Fox Burney Charles Burney (scholar) (1757 1817) Charles Dennistoun Burney See also Burney (surname) This disambiguation page lists articles assoc …   Wikipedia

  • Burney — may refer to:People* Ansar Burney, noted Pakistani human rights activist * Charles Burney, composer and music historian * Sir Charles Dennistoun Burney, British engineer and inventor * Charles Fox Burney, English biblical scholar * Fanny Burney,… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Fox Burney — Rev. Charles Fox Burney (4 November 1868 – 15 April 1925) was Biblical scholar at Oxford University, England. Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Publications 4 External links …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Fox — may refer to: Charles Fox (mathematician) (1897 1977) Mathematician Charles Douglas Fox (1840–1921), British civil engineer Charles James Fox (1749–1806), British politician Charles Fox (composer) (born 1940), film and television composer Charles …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Brockden Brown — Born January 17, 1771(1771 01 17) Philadelphia, PA Died February 22, 1810(1810 02 22 …   Wikipedia

  • BURNEY, CHARLES —    1) musical composer and organist, born at Shrewsbury; a friend of Johnson s; author of The History of Music, and the father of Madame d Arblay; settled in London as a teacher of music (1726 1814).    2) son of preceding, a great classical… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Frances Burney — For playwright Frances Burney (1776–1828), niece of novelist Fanny Burney Madame d Arblay 1752 1840, see Frances Burney (1776–1828) Frances Burney (13 June 1752 – 6 January 1840), also known as Fanny Burney and after marriage as Madame d’Arblay,… …   Wikipedia

  • James Burney — (13 June, 1750 ndash; 17 November, 1821) was an English Rear Admiral who accompanied Captain Cook in his last two voyages and wrote a series of History of Voyages of Discovery. He was a son of the composer Charles Burney, brother to Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Clavier-Übung III — Johann Sebastian Bach, 1746 The Clavier Übung III, sometimes referred to as the German Organ Mass, is a collection of compositions for organ by Johann Sebastian Bach, started in 1735–6 and published in 1739. It is considered to be Bach s most… …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Smart — Born 11 April 1722(1722 04 11) Shipbourne, England Died 21 May 1771(1771 05 21) (age …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.