Chungcheong


Chungcheong
Chungcheong Province

Map of Korea highlighting the province.
Korean name
Hangul 충청도
Hanja 忠清道
Revised Romanization Chungcheong-do
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ungch'ŏng-do
Short name
Hangul 충청
Revised Romanization Chungcheong
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ungch'ŏng
Statistics
Government Province
Capital Gongju
Region Hoseo
Dialect Chungcheong

Chungcheong (Chungcheong-do; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰuŋtɕʰʌŋ-do]) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Chungcheong was located in the southwest of Korea. The provincial capital was located at Gongju, which had been the capital of the kingdom of Baekje from 475 to 538.

Contents

History

Chungcheong Province was formed during the in 1356—during the Goryeo Dynasty—from the southern portion of the former province of Yanggwang. Its name derived from the names of the principal cities of Chungju (충주; 忠州) and Cheongju (청주; 淸州).

In 1895, the province was replaced by the Districts of Chungju (Chungju-bu; 충주부; 忠州府) in the east, Gongju (Gongju-bu; 공주부; 公州府) in the centre, and Hongju (Hongju-bu; 홍주부; 洪州府; modern-day Hongseong County) in the west.

In 1896, Chungju and eastern Gongju Districts were reorganized into North Chungcheong Province, and Hongju and western Gongju Districts were reorganized into South Chungcheong Province. North and South Chungcheong are today part of South Korea.

Geography

Historic Chungcheong was bordered on the north by Gyeonggi Province, on the north east by Gangwon, the east by Gyeongsang Provinces, on the south by North Jeolla Province, and on the west by the Yellow Sea. The region is mountainous in the east (the North province) and somewhat lower and flatter in the west (the South province).

The regional name for Chungcheong is Hoseo (호서; 湖西), although this name is used less than the current administrative name.

Apart from Cheongju, Chungju, and Gongju, other large or notable cities in the modern-day Chungcheong region include Daejeon, Cheonan and Janghang.

Transportation and communication

Historically, almost all transportation and communication routes between Seoul and the southern Honam (Jeolla) and Yeongnam (Gyeongsang) regions have gone through the Chungcheong region, and today Daejeon—the region's largest city—is a major railway and freeway junction.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chungcheong — (Chungcheong do) fue una de las ocho provincias de Corea durante la Dinastía Chosŏn. Chungcheong se encuentra en el sudoeste de Corea. La capital provincial se encuentra en Gongju, que había sido la capital del reino de Baekje de 475 a 538.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chungcheong — Koreanische Schreibweise Hangeul: 충청도 Hanja: 忠清道 Revidiert: Chungcheong do …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chungcheong — Le Chungcheong ou Tioncion est une des anciennes huit provinces de Corée, durant la dynastie Yi, aussi dite dynastie de Joseon. Elle était située au sud ouest de la Corée et sa capitale était Gongju, qui a été la capitale du royaume du Baekje de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chungcheong-do — Koreanische Schreibweise koreanisches Alphabet: 충청도 chinesische Schriftzeichen: 忠清道 Revidierte Romanisierung: Chungcheong do McCune Reischau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chungcheong dialect — Hangul 충청도 방언 Hanja 忠淸道方言 Revised Romanization …   Wikipedia

  • Chungcheong Du Nord — Nom coréen Hangeul 충청북도 Hanja 忠清北道 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chungcheong Du Sud — Nom coréen Hangeul 충청남도 Hanja 忠清南道 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chungcheong du Nord — Nom coréen Hangeul 충청북도 Hanja 忠清北道 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chungcheong du Sud — Nom coréen Hangeul 충청남도 Hanja 忠清南道 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chungcheong du nord — Nom coréen Hangeul 충청북도 Hanja 忠清北道 …   Wikipédia en Français


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