- Ellicott Creek
name = Ellicott Creek
etymology = Named for
Joseph Ellicott, surveyor and land agent.
image_size = 300
image_caption = Ellicott Creek flooding in Bowmansville, NY.
country = United States
state = New York
region_type = County
region = Genesee County
region1 = Erie County
city = Tonawanda
source_region = Genesee County
source_elevation_imperial = 1000
source_coordinates_note = Source elevation derived from
Google Earthsearch using GNIS source coordinates.]
source_lat_d = 42
source_lat_m = 54
source_lat_s = 15
source_lat_NS = N
source_long_d = 78
source_long_m = 23
source_long_s = 49
source_long_EW = W
source_coordinates_note = GNIS|949513|Ellicott Creek]
source1_location = | source1_region = | source1_country =
source1_lat_m = | source1_lat_s = | source1_lat_NS =
source1_long_d = | source1_long_m = | source1_long_s = | source1_long_EW =
source_confluence_location = | source_confluence_region = | source_confluence_country =
source_confluence_lat_d = | source_confluence_lat_m = | source_confluence_lat_s = | source_confluence_lat_NS =
source_confluence_long_d = | source_confluence_long_m = | source_confluence_long_s = | source_confluence_long_EW =
mouth_region = Erie County
mouth_lat_d = 43
mouth_lat_m = 1
mouth_lat_s = 16
mouth_lat_NS = N
mouth_long_d = 78
mouth_long_m = 52
mouth_long_s = 37
mouth_long_EW = W
mouth_elevation_imperial = 562
mouth_elevation_note = Mouth elevation derived from
Google Earthsearch using GNIS mouth coordinates.]
length_imperial = 45
length_note = [Calculated in
warershed_imperial = 81.6
watershed_note = [http://niagara.nypa.gov/ALP%20working%20documents/finalreports/html/IS23BW.htm Upper Niagara River Tributary Backwater Study] , New York Power Authority]
discharge_imperial = 100
free = | free_type =
map1 = New York Locator Map.png
map1_size = 300
map1_caption = Location of the mouth of Ellicott Creek in New York
map1_locator = New York
Ellicott Creek is a
streamin Western New York, United States. It is a tributaryof Tonawanda Creek, which in turn into the Niagara River.
Ellicott Creek originates in southwest corner of Genesee County, just northeast of
Darien Lakes State Park, in the Town of Darien. It flows generally west, crossing into Erie County and the Town of Alden. It crosses the northern edge of the Town of Lancaster, flowing through the community of Bowmansville in the northwest part of Lancaster.
Continuing west, Ellicott Creek enters the Town of Cheektowaga. There it passes by the toxic
Pfohl Brothers Landfilland the Buffalo Niagara International Airport. The creek turns to the northwest at the airport. It flows under one of the runways via a tunnel. It then turns more directly north and enters the Village of Williamsville and the Town of Amherst.
At Williamsville's Island Park Ellicott Creek splits briefly into two channels, one of which contains floodgates. The other channel was historically used to divert water into flumes for powering mills just downstream. Below the floodgates the creek flows rapidly north, passing under State Route 5 and falling over the Onondaga Escarpment at
Glen Fallsin Amherst State Park.
After Glenn Falls Ellicott Creek continues flowing generally north and northwest through Amherst. It passes by several golf courses and then through the northern edge of the campus of the University at Buffalo, after which the creek turns to the west and crossing under
Interstate 990(the Lockport Expressway). It then enters the Town of Tonawanda.
Just west of I-990 the creek splits into two channels for about convert|1.25|mi|km. The northern channel is deeper and has been more thorougly channelized. and is bordered by commercial land use, while the southern channel is fairly sinuous and contains more trees in the riparian zone. [http://niagara.nypa.gov/ALP%20working%20documents/finalreports/html/IS18ETC.htm Mapping of aquatic and ripiarian habitats of Ellicott and Tonawanda Creeks] , New York Power Authority]
After these channels rejoin, Ellicott Creek passes through
Ellicott Creek Parkand continues west for approximately convert|3|mi|km before emptying into Tonawanda Creekin the City of Tonawanda. This portion of Tonawanda Creek is also part of the Erie Canal. Tonawanda Creek then empties into the Niagara River. The distance from the mouth of Ellicott Creek to the Niagara River is about convert|0.5|mi|km.
Ellicott Creek is named after
Joseph Ellicott, an important agent of the Holland Land Company. Ellicott played a significant role in opening Western New York up for settlement after the Iroquoisceded their claims in the 1780s, more significantly in the Big Tree Treaty with the Seneca nation. Elicott surveyed most of Holland Purchaseinto townships and saleable land parcels.
Niagara River surface fluctuations influence creek water level up to convert|7|mi|km upstream of the mouth of Ellicott Creek. [ [http://niagara.nypa.gov/ALP%20working%20documents/finalreports/html/IS23BW.htm Upper Niagara River Tributary Backwater Study] , New York Power Authority]
A bike path follows the creek in the Town of Amherst, near the University at Buffalo and flows under
Interstate 990before leaving Amherst by passing under U.S. Route 62(Niagara Falls Boulevard) to enter the Town of Tonawanda at Ellicott Creek Park.
List of New York rivers
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
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