Jeonju


Jeonju
Jeonju
전주
—  Municipal City  —
Korean transcription(s)
 – Hangul 전주시
 – Hanja 全州市
 – Revised Romanization Jeonju-si
 – McCune-Reischauer Chŏnju-si
Pungnammun

Emblem of Jeonju
Jeonju is located in South Korea
Jeonju
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 35°49′N 127°09′E / 35.817°N 127.15°E / 35.817; 127.15
Country  South Korea
Region Honam
Administrative divisions 2 gu, 40 dong
Area
 – Total 206.22 km2 (79.6 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 – Total 649,500
 – Density 3,082.7/km2 (7,984.2/sq mi)
 – Dialect Jeolla
Zip Codes 560011-561870
Area Code +82 63
Website Jeonju Council Website

Jeonju is a city in South Korea, and the capital of Jeollabuk-do, or North Jeolla Province. It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities and innovative festivals.

Contents

History

Located in the fertile Honam plain, famous for strawberries and exceptional produce, Jeonju has been an important regional center in the province for centuries. Once, the city was the capital of Hubaekje Kingdom, which was founded by Gyeon Hwon. The city was regarded as the spiritual capital of the Joseon Dynasty because the Yi royal family originated there. The Chŏnju Kim in North Korea, of whom Kim Il-sung was descended from, have their ancestral seat (pon’gwan) in Jeonju as well.

The town was occupied by the Donghak peasants' movement in 1894. Jeonju was given metropolitan status in 1935, and the city was founded in 1949.[citation needed]

Culture

  • Jeonju bibimbap 비빔밥 , a traditional local food, is well-known across South Korea. There are also several very popular vegetarian restaurants serving Jeonju style food and pine wine.
  • The National Jeonju Museum exhibits ancient relics from the Baekje days.
  • There are extensive royal museums, temples, a castle fortress on a hillside, and a well-known paper museum, as well as an annual paper fashion show highlighting both the latest style and traditional Korean clothing made of paper.
  • The Jeonju Hanok Village (Hanok Maeul) is a traditional-style village located in the heart of Jeonju, housing over 800 traditional "hanok" style buildings. It contains many traditional tea shops, souvenir shops and restaurants.[1]
  • The Jeonju International Film Festival draws about 50,000 visitors annually.
  • Jeonju is the hometown of the breakdancing crew Last for One, international Battle of the Year champion.

People and everyday life

Education is a major industry in the city, but it does not have the manufacturing or heavy industries found in other Korean cities. Due to its rural location, the local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation. There are also various historical sites in the area. The city also has a zoo, a large park, and the Samsung Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus.

Administrative districts

Jeonju is divided into 2 wards, Deokjin-gu (덕진구) and Wansan-gu (완산구), which in turn are divided into approximately 40 neighborhoods.

Climate

Climate data for Jeonju (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
6.9
(44.4)
12.4
(54.3)
19.6
(67.3)
24.5
(76.1)
27.9
(82.2)
30.2
(86.4)
31.0
(87.8)
27.0
(80.6)
21.5
(70.7)
13.9
(57.0)
7.1
(44.8)
18.9
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
1.5
(34.7)
6.3
(43.3)
12.8
(55.0)
18.2
(64.8)
22.5
(72.5)
25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
21.5
(70.7)
15.0
(59.0)
8.3
(46.9)
2.2
(36.0)
13.3
Average low °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−3
(27)
1.2
(34.2)
6.7
(44.1)
12.5
(54.5)
17.8
(64.0)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
17.1
(62.8)
9.8
(49.6)
3.5
(38.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
8.6
Precipitation mm (inches) 32.7
(1.287)
40.0
(1.575)
54.3
(2.138)
77.3
(3.043)
91.5
(3.602)
167.9
(6.61)
299.6
(11.795)
277.5
(10.925)
137.6
(5.417)
53.5
(2.106)
50.2
(1.976)
31.1
(1.224)
1,313.1
(51.697)
humidity 68.6 66.5 63.7 60.6 65.3 71.3 77.5 76.7 74.1 70.4 69.1 68.9 69.4
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.3 7.8 10.3 8.6 9.2 10.7 15.9 15.5 9.7 6.7 9.1 9.4 122.2
Sunshine hours 151.6 157.7 185.9 211.7 217.9 172.7 136.7 160.6 168.1 194.6 154.5 142.3 2,054.5
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [2]

Sister cities

Gallery

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ www.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=264285
  2. ^ "평년값자료(1981−2010) 전주(146)". Korea Meteorological Administration. http://www.kma.go.kr/weather/climate/average_30years.jsp?yy_st=2011&stn=146&norm=M&x=32&y=14&obs=0&mm=5&dd=21. Retrieved 2011−05−21. 

Coordinates: 35°49′N 127°09′E / 35.817°N 127.15°E / 35.817; 127.15


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