- Sir George Staunton, 2nd Baronet
Sir George Thomas Staunton, 2nd Baronet (
May 26 1781– August 10 1859) was an English traveller and Orientalist.
Born near Salisbury, he was the son of Sir
George Leonard Staunton(1737-1801), first baronet, diplomatist and Orientalist, and in 1792 accompanied his father, who had been appointed secretary to Lord Macartney's mission to China, to the Far East (1792-1794). He acquired a good knowledge of Chinese language, and in 1798 was appointed a writer in the British East India Company's factory at Canton ( Guangzhou), and subsequently its chief.
In 1805 he translated a work of Dr
George Pearsoninto Chinese, thereby introducing vaccinationinto ChinaFact|date=April 2008. In 1816 he proceeded as second commissioner on a special mission to Beijingwith Lord Amherst and Sir Henry Ellis.
Between 1818 and 1852 he was MP for several English constituencies, finally for
Portsmouth. He was a member of the East India Committee, and in 1823, in conjunction with Henry Thomas Colebrookefounded the Royal Asiatic Society.
His publications include translations of "
Great Qing Legal Code", known as the "Fundamental Laws of China" (1810) and of the "Narrative of the Chinese Embassy to the Khan of the Tourgouth Tartars" (1821); "Miscellaneous Notices Relating to China and our Commercial Intercourse with that Country" (1822); "Notes of Proceedings and Occurrences during the British Embassy to Peking" (1824); "Observations on our Chinese Commerce" (1850). For the Hakluyt Societyhe edited Pedro González de Mendoza's "History of the Great and Mighty Kingdom of China".
Staunton had been landed Hong Kong in July, 1816 during Amherst's mission to Qing. He walked from the shore of Hong Kong to Hong Kong Village via
Wong Chuek Hang. After the trip, Wong Chuek Hang was named Staunton Creek and the valley where Hong Kong locates was named Staunton Valley.
After the ceding of Hong Kong from Ch'ing to Great Britain,
Staunton Streetin Central is named after him.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet — (21 October 1681 ndash; 17 December 1751) born in Yarmouth, England; died in London; served as Governor of Virginia from 1727 through 1749. Technically, Gooch only had the title Royal Lieutenant Governor, but the nominal governor, Willem Anne van … Wikipedia
George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton — George William Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton (31 March 1817 ndash;19 April 1876), was a British aristocrat and Tory politician. Lyttelton was the eldest son of William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton, and Lady Sarah Spencer, daughter of… … Wikipedia
High Sheriff of Warwickshire — The High Sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown. Formerly the High Sheriff was the principal law enforcement officer in the county but over the centuries most of the responsibilities associated with the post have been transferred… … Wikipedia
Earl Ferrers — is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1711 for Robert Shirley, 13th Baron Ferrers of Chartley. The Shirley family descends from George Shirley (died 1622). In 1611 he was created a Baronet, of Staunton Harold in the County … Wikipedia
Oriental Club — The Oriental Club Founded 1824 Home Page www.orientalclub.org.uk Address Stratford House, Stratford Place, WC1 Clubhouse occupied since 1962 Club established for East India Company officers … Wikipedia
Newark (UK Parliament constituency) — Newark County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Newark in Nottinghamshire … Wikipedia
Society of Dilettanti — Die Society of Dilettante, auch Dilettante Society oder kurz Dilettante (dt.: Sozietät der Dilettanten von it.: dilettare, jmd. begeistern/erfreuen ) ist eine britische Vereinigung von Sammlern, Gelehrten und Adeligen. Die Vereinigung verbindet… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency) — Derbyshire Former County constituency for the House of Commons 1290 (1290)–1832 (1832) Nu … Wikipedia
Nottinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency) — Nottinghamshire Former County constituency for the House of Commons County Nottinghamshire 1290 (1290)– … Wikipedia
High Sheriff of Herefordshire — The High Sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown. Formerly the High Sheriff was the principal law enforcement officer in the county but over the centuries most of the responsibilities associated with the post have been transferred… … Wikipedia