Situated learning


Situated learning

Situated learning was first proposed by Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger as a model of learning in a Community of practice. At its simplest, Situated Learning is learning that takes place in the same context in which it is applied. Lave and Wenger (1991) argue that learning should not be viewed as simply the transmission of abstract and decontextualised knowledge from one individual to another, but a social process whereby knowledge is co-constructed; they suggest that such learning is situated in a specific context and embedded within a particular social and physical environment.

Lave and Wenger assert that situated learning "is not an educational form, much less a pedagogical strategy" (1991, p.40). However, since their writing, others have advocated different pedagogies that include situated activity:

*Workshops, kitchens, greenhouses and gardens used as classrooms
*Stand-up role playing in the real world setting, including most military training (much of which, though, takes a behaviorist approach)
*Field trips including archaeological digs and participant-observer studies in an alien culture
*On the job training including apprenticeship and Cooperative education
*Sports practice and music practice and art are situated learning by definition, as the exact actions in the real setting are those of practice - with the same equipment or instruments

Many of the original examples from Lave and Wenger (1991) concerned adult learners, and situated learning still has a particular resonance for adult education. For example, [http://www.chris-kimble.com/CLEE/Book_1/Chapters/Chapter_15.html Hansman] (Kimble and Hildreth 2008) shows how adult learners discover, shape, and make explicit their own knowledge through situated learning within a community of practice. A number of similar examples can be found in the ERIC digests [ [http://www.ericdigests.org/ ERICDigests.Org - Providing full-text access to ERIC Digests ] ] (See references below for some specific examples of this).

Notes

ee also

*Cognitive apprenticeship
*Communities of practice
*Educational technology
*Instructional design
*Situated cognition
*Transformative learning

References

*Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger (1991) Situated Learning. Legitimate peripheral participation, Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press
*cite book | author=Chris Kimble and Paul Hildreth | year=2008 | title=Communities of Practice: Creating Learning Environments for Educators | publisher=Information Age Publishing | isbn=1593118635
* [http://www.ericdigests.org/1998-3/adult-education.html Situated Learning in Adult Education. ERIC Digest.]
* [http://ericdigests.org/1996-2/work.html New Ways of Learning in the Workplace. ERIC Digest.]

External links

* [http://bcq.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/67/2/168 The Odyssey of Ph.D. Students Becoming a Community of Practice]
* [http://www.ala.asn.au/conf/2003/carden.pdf Probationary Constables and their journey through a community of practice]
* [http://cfp.learning-inquiry.info/ Learning Inquiry: an academic journal centered on learning]
*Leonard Low and Margaret O'Connell (2006) [https://olt.qut.edu.au/udf/OLTCONFERENCEPAPERS/gen/static/papers/Low_OLT2006_paper.pdf Learner-Centric Design of Digital Mobile Learning] Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology
* [http://www.usca.edu/essays/vol14summer2005.html Foulger, T.S. (2005). Innovating Professional Development Standards: A Shift to Utilize Communities of Practice. Essays in Education, 14. Retrieved Nov 11, 2007, from http://www.usca.edu/essays/vol14summer2005.html]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Situated cognition — describes a perspective of human cognition that asserts learning happens as human beings interact with the living world. Also referred to as the situativity theory of cognition (Greeno, 1998), it is a theory of thinking as mainly on the fly and… …   Wikipedia

  • Learning community — A learning community is a group of people who share common values and beliefs, are actively engaged in learning together from each other. Such communities have become the template for a cohort based, interdisciplinary approach to higher education …   Wikipedia

  • Learning theory (education) — In psychology and education, a common definition of learning is a process that brings together cognitive, emotional, and enviromental influences and experiences for acquiring, enhancing, or making changes in one s knowledge, skills, values, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Networked learning — is a process of developing and maintaining connections with people and information, and communicating in such a way so as to support one another s learning. The central term in this definition is connections. It takes a relational stance in which …   Wikipedia

  • Constructivism (learning theory) — Jean Piaget: founder of Constructivism Constructivism is a theory of knowledge (epistemology)[1] that argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas. During infancy, it was an… …   Wikipedia

  • Computer-supported collaborative learning — (CSCL) is a pedagogical approach wherein learning takes place via social interaction using a computer or through the Internet. This kind of learning is characterized by the sharing and construction of knowledge among participants using technology …   Wikipedia

  • Nonformal learning — Non formal learning is a distinction in learning between formal and informal learning. It is learning that occurs in a formal learning environment, but that is not formally recognised. It typically involves workshops, community courses, interest… …   Wikipedia

  • Organizational learning — is an area of knowledge within organizational theory that studies models and theories about the way an organization learns and adapts. In Organizational development (OD), learning is a characteristic of an adaptive organization, i.e., an… …   Wikipedia

  • Mobile Computer Supported Collaborative Learning — is Contents 1 Definition 2 Overview 3 History 3.1 Elementary School Learners …   Wikipedia

  • Concept School of Learning — Abbottabad is a privately run high school on Abbottabad, NWFP, Pakistan. The school provides education from Montessori to 10th grade. It was started in 1997 in Nawanshehar region of Abbottabad, and then moved to its current location on Manshera… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.