Calan Gaeaf is the name of the first day of winter in
Wales, observed on 1 November. The night before is "Nos Calan Gaeaf", an "Ysbrydnos" when spirits are abroad. People avoid churchyards, stiles, and crossroads, since spirits are thought to gather there.
*Coelcerth: Families build a fire and place stones with their name in it. The person whose stone is missing the next morning would die within the year.
*Yr Hwch Ddu Gwta: Legend has it that a fearsome spirit called Yr Hwch Ddu Gwta took the form of a tail-less black sow and roamed the countryside with a headless woman. Children would rush home early.
*Eiddiorwg Dalen: A few leaves of ground ivy is thought to give you the power to see hags. For prophetic dreams a boy should cut ten ivy leaves, throw away one and put the rest under his head before he sleeps. A girl should take a wild rose grown into a hoop, creep through it three times, cut it in silence, and go to bed with it under her pillow.
Glamorgantailors were associated with witchcraft. They supposedly possessed the power to ‘bewitch’ anybody if they wished.
Day of the Dead
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