List of extinct animals of Africa

The list of extinct animals in Africa features the animals that have become extinct on the African continent and its islands, like Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, St. Helena, Cape Verde, etc.

Pleistocene Extinctions

* African Deinotherium, "Deinotherium bozai"
* " Homo erectus"
* " Homo habilis"
* "Paranthropus boisei"
* " Pelorovis"

Global Holocene Extinctions

Mammals

* North African Elephant, "Loxodonta africana pharaoensis" (300, North Africa)
* Algerian Wild Ass, "Asinus atlanticus" (300, North Africa)
* Bluebuck or Blue Antelope, "Hippotragus leucophaeus" (1799, South Africa)
* Atlas Bear, "Ursus arctos crowtheri" (1844, North Africa)
* Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox, "Pteropus subniger" (1862, Réunion)
* Quagga, "Equus quagga quagga" (1883, South Africa)
* Cape Warthog, "Phacochoerus aethiopicus aethiopicus" (1900, South Africa)
* North African Aurochs, "Bos primigenius mauretanicus" (Unknown date, North Africa)
* Bubal Hartebeest, "Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus" (North Africa)
* Cape Serval, "Leptailurus serval serval" (South Africa)
* Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus, "Hippopotamus lemerlei" (Madagascar)
* Madagascan Pygmy Hippopotamus, "Hippopotamus madagascariensis" (Madagascar)
* North African Serval, "Leptailurus serval constantina" (North Africa)
* Red Gazelle, "Gazella rufina" (Algeria)
* Robert's Lechwe, "Kobus leche robertsi" (Zambia)
* Canary Islands Giant Rat, "Canariomys tamarani" (Canary Islands)
* Lava Mouse, "Malpaisomys insularis" (Canary Islands)

Birds

* Aldabra Brush-Warbler, "Nesillas aldabrana" (Seychelles)
* Aepyornis or Great Elephant Bird, "Aepyornis maximus" (Madagascar)
* Ascension Flightless Crake, "Atlantisia elpenor" (St Helena)
* Broad-billed Parrot, "Lophopsittacus mauritianus" (Mauritius)
* Delalande's Coua, "Coua delalandei" (Madagascar)
* Dodo, "Raphus cucullatus" (Mauritius)
* Large St Helena Petrel, "Pterodroma rupinarum" (St Helena)
* Mauritius Blue Pigeon, "Alectroenas nitidissima" (Mauritius)
* Mascarene Coot, "Fulica newtoni" (Réunion, Mauritius)
* Mascarene Parrot, "Mascarinus mascarinus" (Réunion)
* Mauritian Duck, "Anas theodori" (Mauritius)
* Mauritian Shelduck, "Alopochen mauritianus" (Mauritius)
* Mauritius Grey Parrot, "Lophopsittacus bensoni" (Mauritius)
* Mauritius Night-Heron, "Nycticorax mauritianus" (Mauritius)
* Mauritius Owl, "Mascarenotus sauzieri" (Mauritius)
* Newton's Parakeet, "Psittacula exsul" (Mauritius)
* Red Rail, "Aphanapteryx bonasia" (Mauritius)
* Réunion Flightless Ibis, "Threskiornis solitarius" (Réunion)
* Réunion Gallinule, "Porphyrio coerulescens" (Réunion)
* Réunion Kestrel, "Falco buboisi" (Réunion)
* Réunion Night-Heron, "Nycticorax duboisi" (Réunion)
* Réunion Owl, "Mascarenotus grucheti" (Réunion)
* Réunion Pigeon, "Columba duboisi" (Réunion)
* Réunion Shelduck, "Mascarenachen kervazoi" (Réunion)
* Réunion Starling, "Fregilupus varius" (Réunion)
* Rodrigues Night-Heron, "Nycticorax megacephalus" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues Owl, "Mascarenotus murivorus" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues Parrot, "Necropsittacus rodericanus" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues Pigeon, "Alectroenas rodericana" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues Rail, "Aphanapteryx leguati" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues Solitaire, "Pezophaps solitaria" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues Starling, "Necropsar rodericanus" (Mauritius)
* Seychelles Parakeet, "Psittacula wardi" (Seychelles)
* Small St Helena Petrel, "Bulweria bifax" (St Helena)
* St Helena Crake, "Atlantisia podarces" (St Helena)
* St Helena Cuckoo, "Nannococcyx psix" (St Helena)
* St Helena Dove, "Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos" (St Helena)
* St Helena Hoopoe, "Upupa antaois" (St Helena)
* St Helena Rail, "Porzana astrictocarpus" (St Helena)
* Tristan Moorhen, "Gallinula nesiotis" (St Helena)
* Canarian Black Oystercatcher, "Haematopus meadewaldoi" 1981 (Tenerife)
* Canary Islands Quail, "Coturnix gomerae" (Canary Islands)
* Eastern Canary Islands Chiffchaff, "Phylloscopus canariensis exsul" 1986 (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura)
* Madeiran Wood Pigeon, "Columba palumbus maderensis" 1924 (Madeira)

Reptiles

* Cape Verde Giant Skink, "Macroscincus coctei" (Cape Verde)
* Eastwood’s Longtailed Seps, "Tetradactylus eastwoodae" (South Africa)
* Leiolopisma mauritiana (Mauritius)
* Saddle-backed Mauritius Giant Tortoise, "Cylindraspis inepta" (Mauritius)
* Domed Mauritius Giant Tortoise, "Cylindraspis triserrata" (Mauritius)
* Mozambique centipede-eater, "Aparallactus nigriceps" (Mozambique)
* Réunion Giant Tortoise, "Cylindraspis indica" (Réunion)
* Rodrigues Giant Gecko, "Phelsuma gigas" (Mauritius)
* Domed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise, "Cylindraspis peltastes" (Mauritius)
* Saddle-backed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise, "Cylindraspis vosmaeri" (Mauritius) 1795
* Round Island Burrowing Boa, "Bolyeria multocarinata" (Mauritius)
* Seychelles Black Terrapin, "Pelusios seychellensis" (Seychelles)
* Typhlops cariei (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues giant day gecko "Phelsuma gigas" (Mauritius)
* Rodrigues day gecko, "Phelsuma edwardnewtoni " 1917 (Mauritius)
* Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard, "Gallotia simonyi simonyi" 1935 (Canary Islands)
* La Palma Giant Lizard, "Gallotia auaritae" (La Palma, Canary Islands)

Fish

* "Pantanodon madagascariensis" (Madagascar)
* "Ptychochromis onilahy" (Madagascar)
* "Ptychochromoides itasy" (Madagascar)

Insects

* St. Helena Earwig, "Labidura herculeana" (1967 St. Helena)

Molluscs

* "Caldwellia philyrina"
* "Chilonopsis blofeldi"
* "Chilonopsis exulatus"
* "Chilonopsis helena"
* "Chilonopsis melanoides"
* "Chilonopsis nonpareil"
* "Chilonopsis subplicatus"
* "Chilonopsis subtruncatus"
* "Chilonopsis turtoni"
* "Colparion madgei"
* "Ctenoglypta newtoni"
* "Cyclophorus horridulum"
* "Cyclosurus mariei"
* "Dupontia proletaria"
* "Erepta nevilli"
* "Gibbus lyonetianus"
* "Gonidomus newtoni"
* "Gonospira nevilli"
* "Gulella mayottensis"
* "Harmogenanina linophora"
* "Harmogenanina subdetecta"
* "Helenoconcha leptalea"
* "Helenoconcha minutissima"
* "Helenoconcha polyodon"
* "Helenoconcha pseustes"
* "Helenoconcha sexdentata"
* "Helenodiscus bilamellata"
* "Helenodiscus vernoni"
* "Nesopupa turtoni"
* "Omphalotropis plicosa"
* "Pachnodus velutinus"
* "Pachystyla rufozonata"
* "Pseudohelenoconcha spurca"
* "Pupilla obliquicosta"
* "Rhachis comorensis"
* "Rhachis sanguineus"
* "Tropidophora desmazuresi"
* "Tropidophora semilineata"
* "Unio cariei"
* "Leiostyla lamellosa" (Land Snail from Madeira)
* "Pseudocampylaea loweii" (Land Snail from Madeira)

Rediscovered

* Burchell's Zebra, "Equus quagga burchellii"
* Coelacanth, "Latimeria chalumnae"
* Madagascar Pochard, "Aythya innotata"

Extinctions in the wild

* Barbary Lion, "Panthera leo leo", (North Africa)
* Egyptian Barbary Sheep, "Ammotragus lervia ornata" (Egypt)
* Cape Lion, "Panthera leo melanochaitus" (Cape of Africa)
* "Haplochromis lividus" (Freshwater fish from Lake Victoria; Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda)
* "Labrochromis ishmaeli" (Freshwater fish from Lake Victoria; Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda)
* Scimitar Oryx, "Oryx dammah" (Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara)
* "Paretroplus menarambo" (Freshwater fish from Madagascar)
* "Platytaeniodus degeni" (Freshwater fish from Lake Victoria; Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda)
* "Prognathochromis perrieri" (Freshwater fish from Lake Victoria; Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda)
* "Yssichromis argens" (Freshwater fish from Lake Victoria; Tanzania)

References

* IUCN 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Downloaded on 24 March 2006.

See also

* List of extinct animals of Réunion

* List of extinct animals
* List of extinct animals of Asia
* List of extinct animals of Europe
* List of extinct animals of South America
* Extinct birds

External links

* [http://extinct.petermaas.nl The Extinction Website]
* [http://www.redlist.org IUCN Red List of Threatened Species]


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