National Museum Soares dos Reis

Neoclassical main façade of Carrancas Palace (1795), seat of the Soares dos Reis National Museum.

National Museum Soares dos Reis (Portuguese: Museu Nacional Soares dos Reis), located in the ancient Carrancas Palace, in Porto, Portugal, is one of the most renowned Portuguese museums.

The museum Soares dos Reis, founded in 1833, is Portugal's first national museum. It displays one of the finest collections of Portuguese art, in particular a gallery of works by Portuguese sculptor António Soares dos Reis, after whom the museum is named.



The museum was founded in 1833 as Museum Portuense by King Peter IV. Initially it was housed in the St Anthony Convent in the centre of Porto and its exhibits consisted of religious art confiscated from convents and works of art from the absolutists, followers of Miguel I of Portugal, who had struggled against Peter IV a year before. During the 19th century the museum made several acquisions that are still the main nucleus of the collection. In 1911 the museum was named Soares dos Reis in honour of the celebrated Porto sculptor.

In 1942 the museum was transferred from the centre of the city to the old Carrancas Palace, which greatly improved the conditions for the storage and exhibition of the collections. Between 1992 and 2001 the museum was expanded and modernised under a project by architect Fernando Távora.

Carrancas Palace

The palace where the museum is currently housed was built after 1795 as home and factory for the Moraes e Castro family. The project is attributed to Joaquim da Costa Lima Sampaio, and architect who had previously worked on the building of the Hospital of St Anthony and the English Trading Post (Feitoria Inglesa), which were Neo-Palladian buildings designed by English architects based in Porto. This influence explains the style of Carrancas Palace, which follows the Neoclassical style that characterised late 18th and 19th-century architecture in Porto. The interior of the palace was decorated with stucco work attributed to the Italian Luis Chiari as well as wall paintings.

During the Peninsular War, the Carrancas Palace was sequentially used as residence by General Soult, headquarters for the Duke of Wellington and residence for General Beresford. During the Siege of Porto (1832), King Peter IV used the palace as headquarters for four months.

In 1861, King Peter V bought the palace and turned it into the official residence of the Portuguese monarchs in Porto. It was kept in this condition until the end of the monarchy, in 1910. In 1942 the National Museum Soares dos Reis was inaugurated in the Carrancas Palace.


The museum has a vast collection mainly focused on Portuguese art of the 19th and 20th centuries, including painting, sculpture, furniture, metalwork and ceramics. Artists represented include painters Domingos Sequeira, Vieira Portuense, Augusto Roquemont, Miguel Ângelo Lupi, António Carvalho de Silva Porto, Marques de Oliveira, Henrique Pousão, Aurélia de Souza, Dórdio Gomes, Júlio Resende and sculptors Soares do Reis, Augusto Santo, António Teixeira Lopes, Rodolfo Pinto do Couto and many others.

External links

Coordinates: 41°08′51.75″N 8°37′17.58″W / 41.1477083°N 8.62155°W / 41.1477083; -8.62155

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • António Soares dos Reis — (Vila Nova de Gaia, 14 October 1847 Vila Nova de Gaia, 16 February 1889) was a Portuguese sculptor.tudiesHe first studied at the Portuense Academy of Fine Arts, where he graduated in sculpture in 1867. He studied at the Fine Arts Imperial School… …   Wikipedia

  • National museum — A national museum is a museum maintained by a nation.List of national museumsAustralia* [ Australian National Aviation Museum] *Australian National Maritime Museum * [… …   Wikipedia

  • Soares — is a common surname in the Portuguese language, namely in Portuguese speaking world, as well as other places. It was originally a Patronymic, meaning Son of Soeiro . It may mean different things: PeopleGeneral*Alana Soares, American model and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of national museums — A national museum is a museum maintained by a nation. Contents 1 Australia 2 Argentina 3 Bangladesh …   Wikipedia

  • Nationales Historisches Museum — Nationalmuseum ist der Name, ein Namensbestandteil oder die gängige deutsche Übersetzung des Namens u. a. folgender Museen: Argentinien Buenos Aires: Museo Nacional de Arte Decorativo Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (Argentinien) Australien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nationalhistorisches Museum — Nationalmuseum ist der Name, ein Namensbestandteil oder die gängige deutsche Übersetzung des Namens u. a. folgender Museen: Argentinien Buenos Aires: Museo Nacional de Arte Decorativo Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (Argentinien) Australien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Porto — Oporto redirects here. For other uses of Porto and Oporto, see Porto (disambiguation). Coordinates: 41°9′43.71″N 8°37′19.03″W / 41.1621417°N 8.6219528°W …   Wikipedia

  • Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro — In this name, the family name is Bordalo Pinheiro, not Pinheiro. Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro Self portrait (1926), Chiado Museum, Lisbon Birth name Columbano Borda …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel Casimiro — Painter, sculptor, photographer, designer, and film director Manuel Casimiro was born in Oporto (Portugal) in 1941. He went to France in 1976 for two years thanks to a scholarship of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, with the idea of making… …   Wikipedia

  • João Hogan — João Navarro Hogan (Lisbon 1914 ndash;1988) was a Portuguese painter and printmaker.João Hogan attended the Academy of Fine Arts for one year and then the National Society of Fine Arts in Lisbon while becoming a wood carver. This job will lead to …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.