European medieval architecture in North America
Medieval architecture in North America is an
anachronism. The age of explorationand European discovery of Americamarks the difference between the Middle Agesand the modern world.
Some structures in
North Americacan however be classified as medieval, either by style of construction, by age or origin. In some rare cases these structures are seen as evidence on pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. Independent of whether one believes in the disputed pseudoscience, these buildings are of interest to American scholars of medieval architecture.
L'Anse aux Meadows, a Norsesettlement in Newfoundland. Foundations of eight structures, visible today only as mounds because they were reburied in a conservation effort. Includes modern reconstructions.
Hvalsey Church, a Norse church in Greenland. Additional remains of Norse-era settlements.
Modern romanesque and gothic buildings
This lists contains buildings built in true Romanesque and gothic styles using medieval construction methods. It does "not" include 19th century and 20th century buildings of
gothic revivalor romanesque revivalstyles.
Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York City
Washington National Cathedral(minimal steel and concrete used)
Gothic Revival architecture in Canada
Medieval building that have been transported to North America in modern times.
The Cloistersmuseum, New York City, a branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Arthoused in a complex integrating elements from several different medieval structures
St. Bernard de Clairvaux Churchin Florida
* Elements of a twelfth-century cloister from Saint-Genis-des-Fontaines, a Romanesque portal, and a fifteenth-century chapel in the
Philadelphia Museum of Art
* Part of a Romanesque cloister in the
Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio
Chapelle de St Martin de Sayssuel, (St. Joan of Arc Chapel) Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Agecroft Hall, Richmond, Virginia
* Chapterhouse of the
Abbey of Santa Maria de Ovila, under reconstruction at the Abbey of New Clairvaux, Vina, California
* A 1524 sidechapel from France in the
Detroit Institute of Arts
Other later period buildings were also transported like the Cotswold Cottage, built in the early 1600s in
Chedworth, Gloucestershire, England, now in The Henry Fordmuseum in Dearborn, Michigan. The Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury, London, which was designed by Sir Christopher Wrenin 1677 is now in Fulton, Missouri. It includes a spiral staircase which probably dates to the 15th century.
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