Carlos Saavedra Lamas


Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Infobox Person
name = Carlos Saavedra Lamas


image_size = 200px
caption =
dead = yes
birth_date = birth date|1878|11|1|mf=y
birth_place = Buenos Aires, Argentina
death_date = death date and age|1959|5|5|1878|11|1|mf=y
death_place = Buenos Aires, Argentina
occupation = Politician, diplomat
Awards/Honours=Nobel Prize, 1936

Carlos Saavedra Lamas (November 1, 1878 – May 5, 1959) was an Argentinian academic and politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1936. He was the first Latin American to receive such an award.

Saavedra, born in Buenos Aires into the Argentinian aristocracy, was an outstanding student who received his doctorate in laws from the University of Buenos Aires, and then began a career as a teacher of law and sociology at the Universidad Nacional de La Plata, eventually rising to the position of professor at Buenos Aires.

As an academic, some of his major published works concentrated on labor law, placing an emphasis on the need for a universally recognized doctrine on the treatment of labor. Some of his most important works in this field are "Centro de legislacíon social y del trabajo" (1927), "Traités internationaux de type social" (1924), and the National Code of Labour Law ("Código nacional del trabajo", 1933). He was involved in the early stages of the International Labour Organization (ILO), and much of his work eventually ended up being the basis of Argentina's own labor laws.

His political career began in 1906 through a succession of steadily more important roles, including two terms in the Argentinian parliament beginning in 1908, where his interests were mainly in foreign affairs. In 1915, he became Minister for Justice and Education.

The achievement for which he received the Nobel Prize was as Argentina's foreign minister, which he was from 1932 to 1938 (during the presidency of Gral. Agustín P. Justo), mediating a treaty that effectively ended the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia and instigating several multilateral nonaggression treaties between a number of South American and European countries. The most notable of these was the innovative South American Anti-War Pact, which, in case of a war between two or more signatories, bound all remaining countries to create special committees for the ceasing of the hostilities and to take diplomatic or economic actions against both offending parties until they agreed to stop their hostilities. This treaty was ratified by most Latin American nations, and later was well-received in a presentation in the League of Nations, which prompted eleven other American and European nations to sign it.

In 1936 he was elected President of the Assembly of the League of Nations.

Saavedra married the daughter of a former Argentinian president.

From 1941 to 1943 he was president of the University of Buenos Aires, and then professor until 1946.

Carlos Saavedra is buried in La Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires.

References

* [http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1936/index.html Nobel Committee information on Lamas]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carlos Saavedra Lamas — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carlos Saavedra Lamas Carlos Saavedra Lamas 20.º Rector …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carlos Saavedra Lamas — (* 1. November 1878 in Buenos Aires, Argentinien; † 5. Mai 1959 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Rechtswissenschaftler und Politiker. Er vermittelte im Chacokrieg zwischen Bolivien und Paraguay und handelte Nichtangriffspakte zwischen verschiedenen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carlos Saavedra Lamas — (Buenos Aires, 1er novembre 1878 5 mai 1959) est un académicien et un homme politique argentin qui obtint le prix Nobel de la paix en 1936. Il fut le premier latino américain à recevoir un prix. Saavedra, né à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carlos Saavedra Lamas — (n. Buenos Aires, 1 de noviembre de 1878 † ídem, 5 de mayo de 1959). Político y jurista argentino. Estudió Derecho en la Universidad de Buenos Aires, impartiendo posteriormente clases en ella y en la Universidad de La Plata. Fue diputado y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saavedra Lamas — Saavedra Lamas, Carlos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saavedra Lamas, Carlos — ▪ Argentine jurist born Nov. 1, 1878, Buenos Aires, Arg. died May 5, 1959, Buenos Aires       Argentine jurist who in 1936 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for his part in ending the Chaco War (1932–35), fought between Bolivia and Paraguay… …   Universalium

  • Saavedra Lamas — Saavedra Lạmas   [saa βeȓra ], Carlos, argentinischer Jurist und Politiker, * Buenos Aires 1. 11. 1878, ✝ ebenda 5. 5. 1959; war 1932 38 Außenminister, hatte maßgeblichen Anteil an der Beilegung des Chacokriegs, erhielt 1936 den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saavedra Lamas,Carlos — Saa·ve·dra La·mas (sä vāʹdrə läʹmäs, sä ä vĕʹdrä), Carlos. 1878? 1959. Argentinean diplomat. He won the 1936 Nobel Peace Prize for his part in negotiating an end to the Chaco War (1932 1935) between Bolivia and Paraguay. * * * …   Universalium

  • Saavedra Lamas — /sah ah ve dhrddah lah mahs/ Carlos /kahrdd laws/, 1878? 1959, Argentine statesman and diplomat: Nobel peace prize 1936. * * * …   Universalium

  • Saavedra Lamas — /sah ah ve dhrddah lah mahs/ Carlos /kahrdd laws/, 1878? 1959, Argentine statesman and diplomat: Nobel peace prize 1936 …   Useful english dictionary


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