Hemidactylus


Hemidactylus
Hemidactylus
Mediterranean house gecko
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gekkonidae
Genus: Hemidactylus
Oken, 1817
Type species
Gecko tuberculosus
Diversity
Around 90 species, and see text
Synonyms

Aliurus Dunn & Dunn, 1940
Boltalia Gray, 1842
Bunocnemis Günther, 1894
Doryura Gray, 1845
Emydactylus[verification needed] Bocourt, 1870
Eurhous Fitzinger, 1861
Hoplopodion Fitzinger, 1843
Leiurus Gray, 1845 (non Ehrenberg, [1828]: preoccupied)
Liurus Cope, 1862 (non Ehrenberg, 1831: preoccupied)
Lophopholis Smith & Deraniyagala, 1934
Microdactylus Fitzinger, 1843 (non É.Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809: preoccupied)
Nubilia Gray, 1845
Onychopus Fitzinger, 1843
Pnoepus Fitzinger, 1843
Tachybates Fitzinger, 1843
Velernesia Gray, 1845
[1]

Hemidactylus (the House Geckos) is a genus of the family of typical geckos, Gekkonidae. It is the second-most[verification needed] speciose genus in the family, with about 90 described species, newfound ones being described every few years. These geckos are found in all the tropical regions of the world, extending into the subtropical parts of Africa and Europe. They excel in colonizing oceanic islands by rafting on flotsam, and are for example found across most of Polynesia. In some archipelagoes, cryptic species complexes are found.[1]

They are typically known as house geckos, due to their readiness to adapt to and coexist with humans. This genus was originally established by Lorenz Oken in 1817 for the species at that time known as Hemidactylus tuberculosus, and now described as the Tropical House Gecko (Hemidactylus mabouia).[1]

Description

Foot upperside (left) and underside of the Oriental Leaf-toed Gecko (H. bowringii)

The dorsal lepidosis is either uniform or heterogeneous. The pupil of the eye is vertical. Males have pre-anal or femoral pores. Each finger or toe has a slender distal clawed joint, angularly bent and rising from within the extremity of the dilated portion.[2]

The fingers and toes are free, or more or less webbed, and dilated; underneath they bear two rows of lamellae in a pattern resembling a paripinnate compound leaf.[2] This leads to their other and more ambiguous common name, "leaf-toed geckos", used mainly for species from South Asia and its surroundings to prevent confusion with the many "leaf-toed" Gekkota not in Hemidactylus.

Species

Juvenile Common House Gecko (H. frenatus)
Juvenile Mediterranean House Gecko (H. turcicus)
Unidentified Hemidactylus adult from Dindigul (Tamil Nadu, India)
  • Hemidactylus aaronbaueri
  • Hemidactylus agrius Vanzolini, 1978
  • Hemidactylus albopunctatus Loveridge, 1947
  • Hemidactylus aporus Boulenger, 1906
  • Hemidactylus aquilonius
  • Hemidactylus arnoldi Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus barbierii Sindaco, Razzetti and Ziliani, 2007
  • Hemidactylus barodanus Boulenger, 1901
  • Hemidactylus bavazzanoi Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus bayonii Bocage, 1893
  • Hemidactylus boavistensis Boulenger 1906 (often included in H. bouvieri)
  • Hemidactylus bouvieri (Bocourt, 1870)
  • Hemidactylus bowringiiOriental Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus brookii – Brook's House Gecko
  • Hemidactylus citernii Boulenger, 1912
  • Hemidactylus curlei Parker, 1942
  • Hemidactylus depressus Gray, 1842
  • Hemidactylus dracaenacolus Rösler & Wranik, 1999
  • Hemidactylus echinus O'Shaughnessy, 1875
  • Hemidactylus fasciatus Gray, 1842
  • Hemidactylus flaviviridis
  • Hemidactylus forbesii Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus frenatusCommon House Gecko, Pacific House Gecko, Asian House Gecko
  • Hemidactylus funaiolii Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus garnotii – Indo-Pacific Gecko, Garnot's House Gecko
  • Hemidactylus giganteus – Giant Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus gracilis – Graceful Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus granchii Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus graniticolus Angarwal, Giri & Bauer, 2011[3]
  • Hemidactylus granti Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus greefii Bocage, 1886
  • Hemidactylus haitianus Meerwarth, 1901
  • Hemidactylus homoeolepis Blanford, 1881
  • Hemidactylus inintellectus Sindaco, Ziliani, Razzetti, Pupin, Grieco, 2009
  • Hemidactylus intestinalis Werner, 1897
  • Hemidactylus isolepis Boulenger, 1895
  • Hemidactylus jubensis Boulenger, 1895
  • Hemidactylus kamdemtohami Bauer & Pauwels, 2002
  • Hemidactylus karenorum – Burmese Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus klauberi Scortecci, 1948
  • Hemidactylus laevis Boulenger, 1901
  • Hemidactylus laticaudatus Andersson, 1910
  • Hemidactylus leightoni Boulenger, 1911 (often included in H. brooki[verification needed])
  • Hemidactylus lemurinus Arnold, 1980
  • Hemidactylus leschenaultiiLeschenault's Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus longicephalus Bocage, 1873
  • Hemidactylus lopezjuradoi Arnold, Vasconcelos, Harris, Mateo & Carranza, 2008 (formerly in H. bouvieri)
  • Hemidactylus mabouiaTropical House Gecko, Afro-American House Gecko, Cosmopolitan House Gecko
  • Hemidactylus macropholis Boulenger, 1896
  • Hemidactylus maculatus – Spotted Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus mahendrai
  • Hemidactylus marmoratus Hallowell, 1861
  • Hemidactylus matschiei (Tornier, 1901)
  • Hemidactylus megalops Parker, 1932
  • Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray, 1842
  • Hemidactylus modestus (Günther, 1894)
  • Hemidactylus muriceus Peters, 1870
  • Hemidactylus newtoni Ferreira, 1897
  • Hemidactylus ophiolepis Boulenger, 1903
  • Hemidactylus ophiolepoides Lanza, 1978
  • Hemidactylus oxyrhinus Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus palaichthus Kluge, 1969
  • Hemidactylus persicus – Persian Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus platycephalus Peters, 1854
  • Hemidactylus platyurusFlat-tailed House Gecko (sometimes in Cosymbotus)
  • Hemidactylus porbandarensis
  • Hemidactylus prashadi – Bombay Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus puccionii Calabresi, 1927
  • Hemidactylus pumilio Boulenger, 1899
  • Hemidactylus reticulatus – Reticulate Leaf-toed Gecko
  • Hemidactylus richardsonii (Gray, 1845)
  • Hemidactylus ruspolii Boulenger, 1896
  • Hemidactylus sataraensis
  • Hemidactylus scabriceps
  • Hemidactylus sinaitus Boulenger, 1885
  • Hemidactylus smithi Boulenger, 1895
  • Hemidactylus somalicus Parker, 1932
  • Hemidactylus squamulatus Tornier, 1896
  • Hemidactylus stejnegeri Ota & Hikida, 1989
  • Hemidactylus subtriedrus
  • Hemidactylus tanganicus Loveridge, 1929
  • Hemidactylus tasmani Hewitt, 1932
  • Hemidactylus taylori Parker, 1932
  • Hemidactylus thayene
  • Hemidactylus triedrus – Termite Hill Gecko
  • Hemidactylus tropidolepis Mocquard, 1888
  • Hemidactylus turcicusMediterranean House Gecko
  • Hemidactylus vietnamensis Darevsky, Kupriyanova & Roschin, 1984
  • Hemidactylus yerburyi Anderson, 1895

References

  1. ^ a b c Lizards of the World (2004): Hemidactylus. Version of 2004-FEB-08. Retrieved 2009-APR-04.
  2. ^ a b Boulenger, G.A. (1890): Genus Hemidactylus. In: The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. (Reptilia and Batrachia): 82. Fulltext at the Internet Archive
  3. ^ Angarwal, I., Giri, V.B., & Bauer, A.M. (2011). "A new cryptic rock-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from south India." Zootaxa 2765: 21-37.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hemidactylus — Hemidactylus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hemidactylus — Hemidactylus, Eidechsen, Gattung der Familie der Geckonen, s.d. b) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hemidactylus — Halbfinger Geckos Europäischer Halbfinger (Hemidactylus turcicus) Systematik Klasse: Reptil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hemidactylus — Hemidactylus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hemidactylus —   Hemidactylus …   Wikipedia Español

  • hemidactylus — hemi·dactylus …   English syllables

  • hemidactylus — “+ noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from hemi (I) + dactylus : a widely distributed genus of geckos having the digits dilated and provided with two rows of lamellae on the underside …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hemidactylus Turcicus — Hemidactylus turcicus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hemidactylus turcicus — Hemidactylus turcicus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hemidactylus Frenatus — Hemidactylus frenatus …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.