- Tryon County, New York
Tryon County, New York was a county in
New Yorkfrom 1772 to 1784, part of the Province of New York, named after Governor William Tryon.
Tryon County was created in
March 12, 1772from part of Albany County, partly at the instigation of William Johnson. Tryon County was limited in the west by the Proclamation of 1763line. The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountainsand the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. Nevertheless, the reality of the IroquoisConfederation in a large area encompassing Oneida Lakemeant that the territory was not available to settlers, especially with Johnson protecting the interests of the native inhabitants. In fact, part of Johnson's motivation in creating the county had been to serve the interests of native Americans.
It was divided into five districts of Mohawk, Palatine, Canajohorie, German Flatts, and Kingsland. The County court house and jail were erected in Johnstown in 1772 establishing Johnstown as the county seat. The judges were all William Johnson relatives;
Daniel Claus, Guy Johnson, and Sir John Johnson.
Its members in the
Province of New Yorkassembly were Sir John Johnsonand Hendrick Frey.
In August, 1774, Shortly before the outbreak of the
American Revolutionsome members of the county formed the Tryon County Committee of Safetyto harass their loyalist neighbors, eventually causing many to flee to the safety of Canada. Guy Johnsonand a large party of supporters left in May, 1775. Sir John Johnsonand a large party of his supporters left in May, 1776. By 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County had fled.
In December, 1780, the results of a census stated that the number of uncultivated farms was 1200 and 354 families had abandoned and had fled the county. In some places such as Cherry Valley, Springfield, and Harpersfield there was no one to conduct a census. This was out of a pre-war population of around 10,000. Schenectady came near to being the limit of civilization.
After War Years
After the war the county began to fill again, more than compensating for the loss of life during the war.
1784the county was renamed Montgomery County, New Yorkafter General Richard Montgomery.
* "For the history of Tryon County prior to 1772 see"
Albany County, New York
* "For the history of Tryon County after 1784 see"
Montgomery County, New York
List of New York counties
List of extinct U.S. counties
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/tryon-cyt.htm History of Tryon County, NY]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nytryon/index.html History of Tryon County, NY]
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