- Hod HaSharon
Infobox Israel municipality
caption3=The Four Seasons Park
meaning=Splendor of the
Hod HaSharon ( _he. הוֹד הַשָּׁרוֹן, lit. "Splendor of the Sharon") is a city in the Center District of
Israel. Officially declared a city in 1990, Hod HaSharon was created from the union in 1964 of four neighboring villages: Magdiel, Ramatayim, Hadar, and Ramat Hadar. ["Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"] Its official land area is 19.239 square kilometers, and according to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics(CBS), in December 2006 the city had a total population of 44,600.citeweb |url=www1.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/local_authorities2006/pdf/124_9700.pdf |title=Municipality Profile |date=2006]
Hod HaSharon was created in 1964 when the settlements of Magdiel,
Ramatayim, Hadar, and Ramat Hadarmerged. Hod Hasharon was governed by a local council until it was declared a city in 1990.citeweb |url=http://www.hod-hasharon.muni.il/Open_2007.asp?FrameSrc=/Htmls/English/IdentityCard.html |title=Identiy Card |accessdate=2008-04-07]
Magdiel was founded on
August 2, 1924. The decision to establish Magdiel was reached at a founders meeting in Tel Avivin July. A group of 12 settlers of Ashkenaziorigin received a plot of land from Yehoshua Hankinwhich they cultivated and prepared for farming.
Ramatayim was founded in 1925 by immigrants from Poland. ["Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"] It was founded on the principle of private initiative. Ramatayim was built on two hills connected by a valley, hence the name Ramatayim, literally 'two hills'.Ramatayim is now the center of Hod HaSharon.
Hadar was established in 1927 by middle-class immigrants from Eastern Europe, who were joined soon after by a group of Italian Jews. ["Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"] The land was purchased from the
Abou Kishk Bedouintribe. The pioneers decided to build a rural settlement based on citrus crops. In its early years, the farmers of Hadar also engaged in poultry farming. In the early 1940s, Yemenite immigrants moved to Hadar, establishing the "Shikun Hateymanim" quarter, today part of the Gannei Tzvi neighborhood. In 1951, Ramatayim and Hadar merged to form Hadar Ramatayim. ["Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"]
Ramat Hadar was established in December 1938 by middle-class immigrants from Germany, members of the
Fifth Aliyah. ["Encyclopedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, Jerusalem, 1972, Vol. 8, p. 802, "Hod Ha-Sharon"] Ramat Hadar was built on a hill between Kfar Hadar, Ramatayim, and the main road from Petah Tikvato Ramatayim. The economy of Ramat Hadar was based on small farms, mainly poultry farming.
Hod HaSharon is located around coord|32|09|N|34|53|E| on central
Israel's Sharon Plain, part of the Israeli Coastal Plain. The city is located approximately convert|10|km|mi east of the Mediterraneancoastline, south of Kfar Saba, southeast of Raanana, and northeast of Ramat HaSharon. The city is approximately convert|8|km|mi west of the West Bankand convert|8|km|mi northeast of central Tel Aviv.
According to the CBS, the ethnic makeup of the city was in 2006 was 99.9%
Jewish and other non-Arab, with no significant Arab population. In 2006 77 immigrants from out of Israel settled in Hod HaSharon as their first place of residence in the country, of whom 68.8% were under 18 years of age. 6.8% of the population of the city consists of immigrants to Israel since 1990. By 2025, the city is planned to have 80,000 inhabitants. The population density of Hod HaSharon is the lowest in the Sharon Plain.
According to the CBS, in 2006 there were 21,700 males and 22,800 females. The population of the city was spread out with 33.2% 19 years of age or younger, 13.0% between 20 and 29, 23.2% between 30 and 44, 18.5% from 45 to 59, 3.6% from 60 to 64, and 8.6% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2006 was 3.3%.
According to the CBS, as of 2005, there were 18,612 salaried workers and 2,006 are self-employed in the city. The mean monthly wage in 2004 for a salaried worker in the city was ILS 9,698, a year-on-year increase of 7.1%. Salaried males had a mean monthly wage of ILS 13,326 (a real change of 9.5%) versus ILS 6,306 for females (a real change of 1.6%). The mean income for the self-employed is ILS 8,490. There are 335 people who receive unemployment benefits and 300 people who receive an income guarantee.
According to the CBS, there are 18 schools and 8,083 students in the city. They are spread out in 11 elementary schools with 4,406 elementary school students, 4 middle schools with 1,628 students, and 4 high schools with 2,049 high school students. 71.7% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.
One campus, known as Mosensohn, is home to different schools that house Israelis, Russians, Ethiopians, Germans, Canadians and Americans.It hosts all of these countries through a program known as Naale. The
Alexander Muss High School in Israelallows American juniors and seniors, and in one case Sophomores, to study abroad for two months to a year while living in and touring around Israel.
* [http://www.hod-hasharon.muni.il Official municipal website] he icon
* [http://noar.multinet.co.il Official Youth Council website] he icon
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