- Matter of Rome
Early Medieval literature Matter of Rome
Matter of France
Matter of Britain
Medieval literature Hebrew literature
13th century in literature
14th century in literature
European Renaissance Literature 15th century in literature
According to the medieval poet Jean Bodel, the Matter of Rome was the literary cycle made up of Greek and Roman mythology, together with episodes from the history of classical antiquity, focusing on military heroes like Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar. Bodel divided all the literary cycles he knew best into the Matter of Britain, the Matter of France and the Matter of Rome (although in actuality "non-cyclical" romance existed).
These were the subjects of a good deal of Old French literature. The poems that were written on them were called the romans d'antiquité, the "romances of antiquity." This name presages the anachronistic approach the medieval poets used in dealing with these subjects. For example, in the epic poems Roman d'Alixandre and the Roman de Troie, Alexander the Great, and Achilles and his fellow heroes of the Trojan War were treated as knights of chivalry, not much different from the heroes of the chansons de geste. Elements of courtly love were introduced into the poems; in the Roman de Thèbes, a romantic relationship absent from the Greek sources is introduced into the tale of Parthenopæus and Antigone. Military episodes in these tales were also multiplied, and used to introduce scenes of knight-errantry and tournaments.
Another example of French medieval poetry in this genre is the Eneas, a treatment of the Æneid that comes across as being a sort of burlesque of Virgil's poem. Sentimental and fantasy elements in the source material were multiplied, and incidents from Ovid, the most popular Latin poet of the Middle Ages, were mixed into the pastiche. The Philomela attributed to Chrétien de Troyes, a retelling of the story of Philomela and Procne, also takes its source from Ovid's Metamorphoses.
Geoffrey Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde is an English example, with Chaucer adding many elements to emphasize its connection with the matter.:30–1 He also brought the story into line with the precepts of courtly love.:35–6
This anachronistic treatment of elements from Greek mythology is similar to that of the Middle English narrative poem "Sir Orfeo", where the Greek Orpheus becomes the knight Sir Orfeo who rescues his wife Heurodis (i.e. Eurydice) from the fairy king.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Matter (disambiguation) — Matter is the substance of which objects are made. Matter may also refer to: Matter (philosophy) Matter (novel), by Iain M Banks matter (venue), in the O2 London Matter Valley, a Swiss valley containing Zermatt Medieval myths and story cycles:… … Wikipedia
Matter of France — Medieval and Renaissance Literature Early Medieval literature Matter of Rome Matter of France Matter of Britain … Wikipedia
Matter of Britain — Series on Celtic mythology Celtic polytheism Celtic deities (list) Gaelic mythology Irish mytholo … Wikipedia
Matter of England — Matter of England, romances of English heroes and romances derived from English legend are terms that 20th century scholars have given to a loose corpus of Medieval literature that in general deal with the locations, characters and themes… … Wikipedia
Matter — • Taking the term in its widest sense, matter signifies that out of which anything is made or composed Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Matter Matter … Catholic encyclopedia
Rome Convention (contract) — In Conflict of Laws, the Rome Convention is the Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations and it opened for signature in Rome, Italy on 19th June 1980. The intention is to create at least a harmonised if not a unified body of… … Wikipedia
Matter of Britain — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. „Matière de Bretagne“ ist eine Bezeichnung für die teilweise auf… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Titus Pullo (character of Rome) — Rome character name=Titus Pullo historical figure=Titus Pullo portrayed=Ray Stevenson tenure=Season 1+ class=Freedman family=Eirene (wife) Caesarion (son) politics=Loyalties allies=Lucius Vorenus Gaius Octavian 13th Legion ( Legio XIII Gemina )… … Wikipedia
Egeria (Rome) — Rome episode title=Egeria caption= Niobe season=1 (2005) episode=6 (HBO; see BBC editing) air date=October 2, 2005 (HBO) November 30, 2005 (BBC) writer=John Milius Bruno Heller director=Alan Poul setting=Rome and Greece (near Dyrrachium) time… … Wikipedia
Marcus Agrippa (character of Rome) — Rome character name= Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa class= Plebeian family= None allies= Gaius Octavian Gaius Maecenas Octavia of the Julii Marcus Tullius Cicero enemies= Mark Antony appearances= Testudo et Lepus Heroes of the Republic Philippi Death… … Wikipedia