Julius


Julius

Julius (fem. Julia) is the nomen of the gens Julia, an important patrician family of ancient Rome supposed to have descended from Julus, and thus from the goddess Venus. ("See also:" Julio-Claudian dynasty - Julia Caesaris). They apparently originated from Alba Longa [Tacitus, Annals XI.23] , which was reputedly founded by Julus (also known as Ascanius), son of Aeneas (reputed ancestor of Romulus and Remus).

The name is also seen as Iulius and Iulia. There were many thousands of people bearing it, since the freedman took the gens name of their previous owners, thus many freedmen of the Julio-Claudian emperors received this name. The name lives on as a personal name.

Julii Caesares, all with the 'Julius Caesar' nomen and cognomen combination, but differing praenomens, most famously:
*Gaius Julius Caesar, the dictator, who was deified as "the Divine Julius"
*See also other members of the family - men named Sextus, Gaius, Lucius, and Numerius; women were all named Julia Caesaris

Members of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty:
*Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (by adoption) (the emperor Augustus)
*Julia Augusta (by adoption)
*Julia Caesaris Augusti, daughter of Augustus
*Gaius Julius Caesar (by adoption)
*Lucius Julius Caesar (by adoption)
*Marcus Julius Caesar Agrippa Postumus (by adoption)
*Tiberius Julius Caesar (by adoption) (the emperor Tiberius)
*Drusus Julius Caesar (by adoption)
*Tiberius Julius Caesar Nero Gemellus
*Germanicus Julius Caesar (by adoption)
*Julia Caesaris, several women related to Julius and Augustus Caesar
*Nero Julius Caesar Germanicus
*Drusus Julius Caesar Germanicus
*Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus (the emperor Caligula)

Several other emperors:
*Marcus Julius Verus Philippus
*Flavius Julius Valens (Valens)
*Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus (Maximinus Thrax)
*Julius Valerius Maiorianus (Majoran)
*Julius Nepos

Other people:
* Gnaeus Julius Agricola, conqueror of Britannia
* Gaius Julius Civilis, leader of the Batavian rebellion (69)
* Gaius Julius Hyginus, writer, 1st century
* Sextus Julius Frontinus, writer and politician, 1st century
* Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus, governor of Britannia, 1st century
**Julia Pacata, wife of the previous
**Julius Indus, Gaulish commander, father of the previous
* Gaius Julius Callistus, freedman, 1st century
* Sextus Julius Africanus, historian, 3rd century
* Gaius Julius Solinus, grammarian 3rd century
* Iulius Obsequens, ancient UFO writer, middle 4th century
* Gaius Julius Eurycles
* Julius Atticus
* Julius Graecinus, father of Gnaeus Julius Agricola
* Julia Procilla, mother of Gnaeus Julius Agricola
* Gaius Julius Vindex, governor of Lusitania
* Julius Sacrovir, noble of Aedui
* Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappus, consul and Syrian prince
* Julius Paulus, jurist
* Julius Exsuperantius, historian 4th century
* Julius van Bastelaar, Dutch/Canadian soccerplayer

Other uses:
*Julius (New York City), New York City's oldest Gay bar

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

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