Yale school (deconstruction)


Yale school (deconstruction)

The Yale school is a colloquial name for an influential group of literary critics, theorists, and philosophers of literature that were influenced by Jacques Derrida's philosophy of deconstruction. Many of the theorists were affiliated with Yale University in the late 1970s, although a number of the theorists -- including Derrida himself -- subsequently moved to or became affiliated with the University of California at Irvine.

Relationship to deconstruction

As a school of thought, the Yale school is more closely allied with the post-structuralist dimensions of deconstruction as opposed to its phenomenological dimensions. Additionally, the Yale school is more similar to the 1970s version of deconstruction that John D. Caputo has described as a "Nietzschean free play of signifiers" and not the 1990s version of deconstruction that was far more concerned with political and ethical questions. [(2002) Raschke, Carl "Loosening Philosophy’s Tongue: A Conversation with Jack Caputo" http://www.jcrt.org/archives/03.2/caputo_raschke.shtml] [(2006) Zizek, Slavoj "A Plea for a Return to Differance (with a minor 'Pro Domo Sua')" "Critical Inquiry" 32 (2): 226-249 ]

Origins

During the period between the late 1960s and the early 1980s, Yale University was the home of a variety of thinkers that were indebted to deconstruction. The group included high-profile writers such as Paul de Man, Geoffrey Hartman, J. Hillis Miller, and Harold Bloom. This group came to be known as the "Yale school" and was especially influential in literary criticism because de Man, Miller, and Hartman were all considered to be prominent literary critics. The four critics listed above, along with Derrida, contributed to an influential anthology, "Deconstruction and Criticism".

Book summaries

Deconstruction and Criticism (1979)

In his introduction to "Deconstruction and Criticism", Hartman draws a distinction between Derrida, Miller, and de Man on the one hand, and himself and Bloom on the other. The former category he refers to as "boa-deconstructors" [Bloom, Harold, et al. "Deconstruction and Criticism" (New York: Continuum, 1979), ix.] who pursue deconstruction to its utmost conclusions and who are more philosophically rigorous in their writings.

Hartman claims that both himself and Bloom are "barely deconstructionists" and that they "even write against it on occasion." [ "Deconstruction and Criticism", ix.] Hartman claims that his writing style in particular is more reliant on the traditional role of pathos as a fundamental impetus for literary language. In contrast, deconstruction as advocated by Derrida seeks to reveal that the very notion of pathos is caught up in the rhetorical play which is endemic to language.

elected readings

*(1973) "“Speech and Phenomena” and Other Essays on Husserl’s Theory of Signs", Jacques Derrida
*(1976) "Of Grammatology", Jacques Derrida
*(1978) "Writing and Difference", Jacques Derrida
*(1979) "Deconstruction and Criticism"
*(1981) "Dissemination", Jacques Derrida
*(1981) "Positions", Jacques Derrida
*(1982) "Allegories of Reading: Figural Language in Rousseau, Nietzsche, Rilke, and Proust", Paul de Man
*(1983) "On Deconstruction: Theory and Criticism after Structuralism", Jonathan Culler
*(1983) "The Yale Critics: Deconstruction in America", Jonathan Arac, Wlad Godzich, Wallace Martin, editors.
*(1985) "Rhetoric and Form: Deconstruction at Yale", Robert Con Davis and Ronald Schleifer, editors.
*(1989) "Memoires for Paul de Man", Jacques Derrida
*(1992) "Acts of Literature", Jacques Derrida
*(1994) "The Wake of Deconstruction", Barbara Johnson

ee also

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yale school — ▪ American literary critics       group of literary critics at Yale University, who became known in the 1970s and 80s for their deconstructionist (deconstruction) theories.       The Yale school s skeptical, relativistic brand of criticism drew… …   Universalium

  • Yale University — Yale redirects here. For other uses, see Yale (disambiguation). Yale University Latin: Universitas Yalensis Motto אורים ותמים (Hebrew) ( …   Wikipedia

  • Deconstruction — For the approach to post modern architecture, see Deconstructivism; for other uses, see Deconstruction (disambiguation). Deconstruction is a term introduced by French philosopher Jacques Derrida in his 1967 book Of Grammatology. Although he… …   Wikipedia

  • List of thinkers influenced by deconstruction — This is a list of notable thinkers that have been influenced by deconstruction. NOTOC The thinkers included in this list are published and satisfy at least one of the three following additional criteria: he or she has * written about… …   Wikipedia

  • Chicago school (literary criticism) — The Chicago School of literary criticism was a form of criticism of English literature begun at the University of Chicago in the 1930s, which lasted until the 1950s. It was also called Neo Aristotelianism, due to its strong emphasis on… …   Wikipedia

  • Barbara Johnson — (born 1947) is an American literary critic and translator. She is currently a Professor of English and Comparative Literature and the Frederic Wertham Professor of Law and Psychiatry in Society at Harvard University. Her scholarship has… …   Wikipedia

  • J. Hillis Miller — (born March 5, 1928) is an American literary critic who has been heavily influenced by and who has heavily influenced deconstruction. Life Joseph Hillis Miller was born in Newport News, Virginia. He is the son of J. Hillis Miller, Sr., a college… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul de Man — (December 6, 1919ndash December 21, 1983) was a Belgian born deconstructionist literary critic and theorist. He completed his Ph.D. at Harvard University in the late 1950s. He then taught at Cornell University, Johns Hopkins University, and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Shakespeare, William — (baptized April 26, 1564, Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, Eng. died April 23, 1616, Stratford upon Avon) British poet and playwright, often considered the greatest writer in world literature. He spent his early life in Stratford upon Avon,… …   Universalium

  • Dekonstruktion — Der Begriff Dekonstruktion wird von Derrida u. a. unter Rückgriff auf eine Analyse der Natur von Zeichen entwickelt. Der Begriff Dekonstruktion (auch Dekonstruktivismus) wurde von Jacques Derrida geprägt und kennzeichnet sowohl einen Ansatz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.