Lady of the mountain


Lady of the mountain

The "Lady of the Mountain" (Fjallkonan) is the female incarnation (national personification) of Iceland. While she symbolised what Icelanders considered to be genuine and purely Icelandic, in her purity she reflected a deep-seated, but unattainable, wish of Icelanders to be a totally independent nation. Fjallkonan is thus not only a national symbol, she also represents the national vision, the nation's ultimate dream. She was first depicted in the poem "Ofsjónir" by Eggert Ólafsson (1752) but her name was mentioned for the first time in the poem "Eldgamla Ísafold" by Bjarni Thorarensen. From that moment onwards she became a well-known symbol in Icelandic poetry. The oldest image of "the woman of the mountains" was published in an English translation of Icelandic folk-tales, Icelandic legends, (1864-1866). It is the work of the German painter J. B. Zwecker, who drew it to specifications provided by Eiríkur Magnússon, one of the translators. Eiríkur described the picture in a letter to Jón Sigurðsson (11 April 1866). Also very popular is the image designed by Benedikt Gröndal on a memorial card of the National holiday in 1874. Her typical dress of was first presented in Winnipeg, Canada in 1924. Since the establishment of the Icelandic republic in 1944 the reading of a poem by "The Lady of the Mountain" on the national holiday (17 June) has been a tradition.

External links

* [http://www.library.wisc.edu/etext/Jonas/Heilsa/Heilsa-Arnason.html Description of the drawing of J.B. Zweck by Eiríkur Magnússon in a letter to Jón Sigurðsson.]
* [http://www.thorvaldsens.is/nanar_merki.php?id=1913 Picture designed by Benedikt Gröndal]
* [http://www.midja.is/david/textar/default.asp?Id=482 The poem 'Eldgamla Ísafold' by Bjarni Thorarensen]
* [http://www.hitthusid.is/category.aspx?catID=1980 List of women who have represented Fjallkonan.]
* [http://www.library.wisc.edu/etext/Jonas/Heilsa/Heilsa-Arnason.html]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lady of the Mountain — The Woman of the Mountains The Lady of the Mountain (Fjallkonan) is the female incarnation (national personification) of Iceland. While she symbolised what Icelanders considered to be genuine and purely Icelandic, in her purity she reflected a… …   Wikipedia

  • The Lady with the Black Gloves — Directed by Michael Curtiz Starring Lucy Doraine Release date(s) November 21, 1919 (1919 11 21 …   Wikipedia

  • The Land of the Mountain and the Flood — is an overture for orchestra, composed by Hamish MacCunn in 1887. Often cited as the archetypal Scottish overture, it is frequently likened to the works of Sir Walter Scott in its unashamedly lyrical, romantic view of the Scottish landscape. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Lady in the Water — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Das Mädchen aus dem Wasser Originaltitel: Lady in the Water Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 2006 Länge: 109 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Mountain Eagle — For the Kentucky newspaper, see The Mountain Eagle (newspaper). The Mountain Eagle Original Movie Lobby card Directed by Alfred Hitchcock …   Wikipedia

  • The Sound of the Mountain — infobox book name = The Sound of the Mountain title orig = 山の音 Yama no Oto author = Yasunari Kawabata country = Japan language = Japanese genre = Novel publisher = pub date = english pub date = 1970 media type = Print (paperback) preceded by =… …   Wikipedia

  • The Lady in the Lake — infobox Book | name = The Lady in the Lake title orig = translator = image caption = First edition cover author = Raymond Chandler cover artist = country = United States language = English series = Philip Marlowe genre = Detective, Crime, Novel… …   Wikipedia

  • Our Lady of the Rockies — is a 90 foot (27 m) statue dedicated to mothers everywhere, that sits atop the Continental Divide overlooking Butte, Montana. It is the United States largest Madonna and its second largest statue.[1 …   Wikipedia

  • Our Lady of the Rosary Academy — Address 4165 Eaton Street Mountain View, Colorado, (Jefferson County), 80212 7306 …   Wikipedia

  • Our Lady of the Assassins (novel) — Our Lady of the Assassins   …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.