Plate appearance

In baseball statistics, a player is credited with a plate appearance (denoted by PA) each time he completes a turn batting. A player completes a turn batting when:

* He strikes out or is declared out before reaching first base; or
* He reaches first base safely or is awarded first base (by a base on balls, hit by pitch, or catcher's interference); or
* He hits a fair ball which causes a preceding runner to be put out for the third out before he himself is put out or reaches first base safely ("see also" left on base, fielder's choice, force play)

A batter does not have a plate appearance if, while he was at bat, a preceding runner is put out on the basepaths for the third out in a way other than by the batter putting the ball into play (i.e., picked off, caught stealing). In this case, the same batter continues his turn batting in the next inning with no balls or strikes against him.

A batter also does not have a plate appearance in the rare instance when he is replaced by a pinch hitter after having already started his turn at bat. In this case, the pinch hitter would receive the plate appearance; however, if a batter is replaced when he already has 2 strikes against him, and the pinch hitter then completes the strikeout, the at-bat is charged to the first batter.

PA = AB + BB + HBP + SH + SF + Times Reached on Defensive Interference(Plate appearances = at-bats + bases on balls (i.e., walks) + hit by pitch + sacrifice hits + sacrifice flies + times reached on defensive interference)Basically, "plate appearances" = at bats + some of the scenarios excluded from at bats such as base on balls, hit by pitch, sacrifice or catcher's interference which positively affect the offensive team.

In common terminology, the term "at bat" is sometimes used to mean "plate appearance" (for example, "he fouled off the ball to keep the "at bat" alive"). The intent is usually clear from the context, although the term "official at bat" is sometimes used to explicitly refer to an "at bat" as distinguished from a "plate appearance". However, terms such as "turn at bat" or "time at bat" are synonymous with "plate appearance".

Section 10 of the official rules states what an at bat is not: "Number of times batted, except that no time at bat shall be charged when a player:(i) hits a sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly;(ii) is awarded first base on four called balls;(iii) is hit by a pitched ball; or(iv) is awarded first base because of interference or obstruction "

The main use of the plate appearance statistic is in determining a player's eligibility for leadership in some offensive statistical categories, notably batting average; currently, a player must have 3.1 PAs per game scheduled to qualify for the batting title (for the 162-game schedule, that means 502 PAs). Also, it is often erroneously cited that total plate appearances is the divisor (i.e., denominator) used in calculating on base percentage (OBP), an alternative measurement of a player's offensive performance; in reality, the OBP denominator does "not" include certain PAs, such as sacrifice hits and times reached via either catcher’s interference or fielder’s obstruction.

Plate appearances are also used by scorers for "proving" a box score. If the game has been scored correctly, the total number of plate appearances for a team should equal the total of that team's runs, men left on base, and men put out.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • plate appearance — noun A batters completed turn in the batters box, that usually results in an at bat or walk, but may also result in a hit by pitch, sacrifice fly, sacrifice hit, or catchers interference. If the third out of an inning is recorded prior to… …   Wiktionary

  • plate appearance — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Plate tectonics — The tectonic plates of the world were mapped in the second half of the 20th century …   Wikipedia

  • plate — plate1 [ pleıt ] noun *** ▸ 1 flat round dish ▸ 2 metal/bone/etc. cover ▸ 3 for showing information ▸ 4 thin silver/gold layer ▸ 5 (for printing) in book ▸ 6 for teeth ▸ 7 part of Earth s surface ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) count a flat round dish that you… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • plate — I UK [pleɪt] / US noun Word forms plate : singular plate plural plates *** 1) [countable] a flat round dish that you put food on Rinse the plates before putting them in the dishwasher. paper plates a) plate or plateful the amount of food that a… …   English dictionary

  • plate*/*/*/ — [pleɪt] noun 1) [C] a flat round dish that you put food on 2) [C] the amount of food that a plate will hold a plate of sandwiches[/ex] 3) [C] a small piece of metal or plastic that is fixed to something and used for showing information such as… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • Plate glass — Glass Glass (gl[.a]s), n. [OE. glas, gles, AS. gl[ae]s; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw. glas, Icel. glas, gler, Dan. glar; cf. AS. gl[ae]r amber, L. glaesum. Cf. {Glare}, n., {Glaze}, v. t.] [1913 Webster] 1. A hard, brittle, translucent, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vehicle registration plate — A vehicle registration plate is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric code that uniquely identifies the vehicle within the… …   Wikipedia

  • Face plate — Face Face (f[=a]s), n. [F., from L. facies form, shape, face, perh. from facere to make (see {Fact}); or perh. orig. meaning appearance, and from a root meaning to shine, and akin to E. fancy. Cf. {Facetious}.] 1. The exterior form or appearance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Club Atlético River Plate — For other uses, see River Plate (disambiguation). River Plate Full name Club Atlético River Plate Nickname(s) Los Millonarios (The Millionaires) El Millo (T …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.