John Raleigh Mott (
May 25, 1865– January 31, 1955) was a long-serving leader of the YMCAand the World Student Christian Federation(WSCF). He received the Nobel Peace Prizein 1946 for his work in establishing and strengthening international Protestant Christian student organizations that worked to promote peace.From 1895 until 1920 Mott was the General Secretary of the WSCF.In 1910, Mott, an American Methodist layperson, presided at the 1910 World Missionary Conference, which launched both the modern Protestantmissions movement and some say the modern ecumenical movement. From 1920 until 1928 he was the Chairperson of the WSCF. For his labors in both missions and ecumenism, as well as for peace, some historians consider him to be "the most widely traveled and universally trusted Christian leader of his time" (Cracknell & White, 243). Intimately involved in the formation of the World Council of Churchesin 1948, that body elected him as a life-long honorary President. His best-known book, "The Evangelization of the World in this Generation", became a missionary slogan in the early 20th century (Cracknell & White, 233).
Mott was born in
Livingston Manor, New York, Sullivan County, New Yorkon May 25, 1865, and his family moved to Postville, Iowain September of the same year. He attended Upper Iowa University, where he studied history and was an award-winning student debater. He transferred to Cornell University, where he received his bachelor's degreein 1888. Mott married Leila Ada White in 1891 and had two sons and two daughters.
* Cracknell, Kenneth and Susan J. White. "An Introduction to World Methodism". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-521-81849-4.
* Fisher, Galen Merriam. "John R. Mott: Architect of Cooperation and Unity". New York: Association Press, 1953.
* Hopkins, Charles Howard. "John R. Mott, 1865-1955". Eerdmans, 1979. ISBN 0-8028-3525-2.
* Mackie, Robert C. "Layman Extraordinary: John R. Mott, 1865-1955". London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1965.
* Matthews, Basil Joseph. "John R. Mott: World Citizen". New York, Harper, 1934.
* Mott, John Raleigh. "The Evangelization of the World in This Generation". Arno, 1972. ISBN 0-405-04078-4.
* [http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1946/index.html Nobel Committee information on 1946 Peace laureates]
* [http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1946/mott-bio.html Biography at Nobelprize.org]
* [http://www.wscfglobal.org World Student Christian Federation]
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