name = Ira Remsen
birth_date = Birth date|1846|2|10|df=yes
New York City, New York, USA
death_date = Death date and age|1927|3|4|1846|2|10|df=yes
Carmel, California, USA
work_institutions = EK University, Tübingen
Williams College Johns Hopkins University
alma_mater = College of Physicians and Surgeons
University of Göttingen
Wilhelm Rudolph Fittig
William A. Noyes
known_for = Discovery of
American Chemical Journal
Willard Gibbs Award(1914)
Ira Remsen (
February 10, 1846- March 4, 1927) was a chemist who, along with Constantin Fahlbergdiscovered the artificial sweetener saccharin. He was the second president of Johns Hopkins University.
Remsen was born in
New York Cityand earned an MD from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1867 to please his parents. He then traveled to Germanyto study chemistry - his true passion. He earned a PhD from University of Göttingen in 1870. In 1875, after researching pure chemistry at University of Tübingen, Remsen returned to the United States and became a professor at Williams College, where he wrote the popular "Theoretical Chemistry". His book and reputation brought him to the attention of Daniel Coit Gilmanwho invited him to become one of the original faculty of Johns Hopkins University. He accepted and founded the department of chemistry there, where he ran his own laboratory. In 1879 he founded the American Chemical Journalwhich he edited for 35 years.
In 1879 he made the greatest discovery of his career by accident. When he ate rolls at dinner after a long day in the lab researching
coal tarderivatives, he noticed that the rolls tasted initially sweet but then bitter. Since his wife tasted nothing strange about the rolls, Remsen tasted his fingers and noticed that the bitter taste was probably from one the chemicals in his lab. The next day at his lab tasted the chemicals that he had been working with the previous day and discovered that it was the oxidation of o-toluenesulfonamide he had tasted the previous evening. He named the substance saccharinand he and his research partner Constantin Fahlbergpublished their finding in 1880. Later Remsen became angry after Fahlberg patented saccharin, claiming that he had discovered saccharin.
In 1901 Remsen was appointed the president of Johns Hopkins and he proceeded to found a School of Engineering and helped establish the school as a research university. He introduced many of the German laboratory techniques he had learned and wrote several important chemistry textbooks. In 1912 he stepped down as president and retired to
Carmel, California. After his death the new chemistry building was named after him at Johns Hopkins. His ashes are located behind a plaque in Remsen Hall; he is the only person buried on campus. According to legend, undergraduates who rub the plaque the night before their chemistry exam will do well.
* [http://www.jhu.edu/~gazette/2000/sep1100/11remsen.html JHU Gazette Article]
* [http://www.instant-essays.com/chemistry/ira-remsen.shtml An Essay on Ira Remsen]
* [http://afam.nts.jhu.edu/chronology/1910.html 1910 ] at afam.nts.jhu.edu Remsen presents his view that following the lead of the Quaker Johns Hopkins by admitting persons of African descent to Johns Hopkins University was an "almost suicidal" act.
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Ira Remsen — (* 10. Februar 1846 in New York; † 4. März 1927 in Carmel, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker. Remsen entdeckte 1879 zusammen mit Constantin Fahlberg (1850–1910) den künstlichen Süßstoff Saccharin. Er war der zweite Präsident der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Ira Remsen — Ira Remsen. Ira Remsen (10 de febrero de 1846 4 de marzo, 1927) fue un químico estadounidense que descubrió el edulcorante artificial sacarina y fue el segundo presidente de la Universidad de Johns Hopkins. Fue presidente de la American Chemical… … Wikipedia Español
Ira Remsen — (10 de febrero de 1846 4 de marzo, 1927) fue un químico que descubrió el edulcorante artificial sacarina y fue el segundo presidente de la Universidad de Johns Hopkins … Enciclopedia Universal
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Remsen — Remsen, Ira, Chemiker, geb. 10. Febr. 1846 in New York, studierte daselbst, in München und Göttingen, war 1870–72 Assistent in Tübingen, wurde dann Professor am Williams College in Massachusetts und 1876 an der John Hopkins Universität in… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
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Remsen, Ira — ▪ American chemist born Feb. 10, 1846, New York City died March 4, 1927, Carmel, Calif., U.S. American chemist and university president, codiscoverer of saccharin. After studying at Columbia University (M.D., 1867) and at the… … Universalium