Coniferyl alcohol

Coniferyl alcohol
Identifiers
CAS number 458-35-5 YesY
PubChem 1549095
ChemSpider 1266063 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:17745 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL501870 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H12O3
Molar mass 180.2 g mol−1
Melting point

74 °C

Boiling point

163-165 °C

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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Coniferyl alcohol is an organic compound. This colourless crystalline solid is a phytochemical, one of the monolignols. It is synthethized via the phenylpropanoid biochemical pathway. When copolymerized with related aromatic compounds, coniferyl alcohol forms lignin or lignans.[1] Coniferin is a glucoside of coniferyl alcohol.

Coniferyl alcohol is an intermediate in biosynthesis of eugenol and of stilbenoids and coumarin. Gum benzoin contains significant amount of coniferyl alcohol and its esters.

It is found in both gymnosperm and angiosperm plants. Sinapyl alcohol and paracoumaryl alcohol, the other two lignin monomers, are found in angiosperm plants and grasses.

It is a queen retinue pheromone (QRP), a type of honey bee pheromone found in the mandibular glands.[2]

References

  1. ^ Kenji liyama, Thi Bach-Tuyet Lam, and Bruce A. Stone (1994). "Covalent Cross-Links in the Cell Wall". Plant Physiology 104 (2): 315–320. PMC 159201. PMID 12232082. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=159201. 
  2. ^ Keeling, C. I., Slessor, K. N., Higo, H. A. and Winston, M. L. (2003) Isolation and identification of new components of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen retinue pheromone. PNAS, April 15, 2003 vol. 100 no. 8 4486-4491, doi:10.1073/pnas.0836984100

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • coniferyl alcohol — koniferilo alkoholis statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃O(HO)C₆H₃CH=CHCH₂OH atitikmenys: angl. coniferyl alcohol rus. конифериловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – 3 (4 hidroksi 3 metoksifenil) 2 propen 1 olis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • coniferyl alcohol —  ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷fərə̇l noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary coniferyl (from coniferin + yl) + alcohol : a white crystalline alcohol C10H12O3 obtained by hydrolysis of coniferin with emulsin or found as an ester in benzoin and held to be… …   Useful english dictionary

  • coniferyl alcohol — noun A monolignol, 4 (3 hydroxy 1 propenyl) 2 methoxyphenol, found in many plants …   Wiktionary

  • Coniferyl-alcohol glucosyltransferase — Identifiers EC number 2.4.1.111 CAS number 61116 23 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Coniferyl-alcohol dehydrogenase — Identifiers EC number 1.1.1.194 CAS number 37250 27 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Coniferyl aldehyde — IUPAC name (Z) 3 (4 hydroxy 3 methoxyphenyl)prop 2 enal (E) 3 (4 h …   Wikipedia

  • Paracoumaryl alcohol — IUPAC name 4 [(E) 3 Hydroxyprop 1 enyl]phenol …   Wikipedia

  • Aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase — Identifiers EC number 1.1.1.90 CAS number 37250 26 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+) — Identifiers EC number 1.1.1.91 CAS number 37250 27 4 …   Wikipedia

  • co|nif|er|yl alcohol — «kuh NIHF uhr uhl», a derivative of coniferin used in making synthetic vanillin: »Peter Klason…obtained the first clue to the structure of lignin by his investigation of coniferyl alcohol (Scientific American) …   Useful english dictionary


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