infobox UK place
country = England
City of Lancaster
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Morecambe and Lunesdale
postcode_district = LA3
Heysham (Audio|En-uk-Heysham.ogg|pronunciation; IPA|/ˈhiːʃəm/ "hee-sham") is a large coastal
villagenear Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, England. Overlooking Morecambe Bay, it is a ferry port with services to the Isle of Manand Ireland. Heysham is the site of two nuclear power stations which are visible landmarks from hills in the surrounding area.
Administratively, Heysham is part of the
City of Lancasterdistrict, forming three wards: Heysham Central (with a population of 4,397) [http://www.lancaster.gov.uk/Documents/Planning/Census%20Ward%20Factsheets/Heysham%20Central.pdf] , Heysham North (5,477) [http://www.lancaster.gov.uk/Documents/Planning/Census%20Ward%20Factsheets/Heysham%20North.pdf] and Heysham South (6,262) [http://www.lancaster.gov.uk/Documents/Planning/Census%20Ward%20Factsheets/Heysham%20South.pdf] ; together they have a population of 16,136 (2001 census), although these extend into areas beyond the village of Heysham itself, which has a population of approximately 6,500.
Of historical interest are the stone graves, found in the ruins of an ancient chapel, known as St. Patrick's Chapel, close to St. Peter's Church. They are thought to date from the
11th century, and are hewn from solid rock. Local legend has it that St. Patrick himself landed on the site after crossing from Ireland, and established the chapel as a base of worship. However, it has been established that the chapel was built around 300 years after Patrick's death. The stone graves at Heysham appear on the cover of the Black SabbathCD/DVD/etc ' The Best of Black Sabbath'.The grounds of St. Peter's Church contain many Saxon and Vikingremains, and the church itself contains a hogback stone dating from the Viking times. The purpose of these strange stone sculptures is the subject of much debate; all that is known for certain is that they are found almost exclusively in the north of England, and variously in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, and a few areas of southern England with Viking links.
Nearby, Lancaster Museum holds artifacts from the area such as stone axe and hammer heads (some up to convert|4|kg|lb|0 in mass) dating back to the
New Stone Age. Many of these artifacts and their original location suggest that this was an ancient burial ground, or barrow, the area is still known locally as "The Barrows". The Barrows are the only sea-cliffs in Lancashireand contain, in a relatively small area, woodland, open-grassland, sandy beaches, and deep rock pools.
Heysham Harbour was built in 1900, and Heysham Port provides a
ferryservice to the Isle of Man, as well as freight to Ireland and services for the eastern Irish Seaand Morecambe Bay gas fields. A Seacatservice to Belfaststarted in 1999. Some ferry services connect with train services from Heysham Port railway stationto Lancaster via the Morecambe Branch Line.
Tide tables can be obtained at
Bay HorseLancaster weather site [http://www.bayhorse-lancaster.co.uk] [www.bayhorse-lancaster.co.uk]
J. M. W. Turnerwas in Heysham in the 1790s when travelling throughout Britain. His paintings show an early Heysham village with the spectacular lakeland backdrop.
Heysham won the Gold Small Village award in both
2005and 2007 Britain in Bloom.
* [http://www.lancslinks.org.uk/linkscontent/tourism/lancaster/heysham.asp Heysham tourist information]
* [http://www.htnw.co.uk/WhyIsMain.html Turner painting of Heysham]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Heysham — [ heɪʃəm], Stadtteil von Morecambe and Heysham … Universal-Lexikon
Heysham — 54.028889 2.916111 Koordinaten: 54° 2′ N, 2° 55′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Heysham Power Station — Infobox NPP Picture = Heysham NPP cropped.jpg Pic des = Heysham nuclear power station Country = United Kingdom Utility = British Energy Built = 1970 Start = 1989 04 01 End = Reactor = 4 Capacity = 2,400 S Reactor = El Prod = 17,232 for year =… … Wikipedia
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