David Starr Jordan
David Starr Jordan Born January 19, 1851 Died September 19, 1931(aged 80) Nationality United States
David Starr Jordan, Ph.D., LL.D. (January 19, 1851 – September 19, 1931) was a leading eugenicist, ichthyologist, educator and peace activist. He was president of Indiana University and Stanford University.
Early life and education
Jordan was born in Gainesville, New York, and studied at Cornell University, Butler University, and the Indiana University School of Medicine. While at Cornell University, Jordan joined the Delta Upsilon fraternity.
In 1885, he was named President of Indiana University, becoming the nation's youngest university president at age 34 and the first Indiana University president that was not an ordained minister. In 1891, he became president of Stanford University, serving there as president until 1913 and chancellor until his retirement in 1916.
Although well regarded as an ichthyologist, Jordan was best known for being a peace activist. He argued that war was detrimental to the human species because it removed the strongest organisms from the gene pool. Jordan was president of the World Peace Foundation from 1910 to 1914 and president of the World Peace Conference in 1915, and opposed U.S. involvement in World War I.
He served as a member of the initial board of trustees of the Human Betterment Foundation, a eugenics organization established in Pasadena, California in 1928 in order to compile and distribute information about compulsory sterilization legislation in the United States, for the purposes of eugenics.
His son, Eric Knight Jordan (1903–1926) followed his father's footsteps into the sciences. He had taken part in a successful paleontological expedition to the Revillagigedo Islands and was considered a rising star in the world of paleontology when he was involved in a traffic accident near Gilroy, California, suffering fatal injuries and dying at the age of 22. His death was a severe blow to his father.
Monuments and memorials
- NOAA research vessel David Starr Jordan High School in Los Angeles, California
- David Starr Jordan High School in Long Beach, California
- David Starr Jordan Middle School in Burbank, California
- Jordan Middle School in Palo Alto, California
- "Jordan River", a stream flowing through the Indiana University campus
- Legionella jordanis, a bacterium isolated from the "Jordan River"
- Jordan Avenue in Bloomington
- Jordan Hall, home of the Indiana University Department of Biology located in Bloomington Indiana.
- Jordan Hall, home of the Psychology Department at Stanford University
- Manual of the Vertebrates of the Northern United States (1876)
- Science sketches (1887)
- Fishes of North and Middle America (four volumes, 1896–1900)
- Animal Life: A First Book of Zoölogy (1900), with Vernon L. Kellog
- The Philosophy of Despair (1901)
- Food and Game Fishes of North America (1902), with B. W. Evermann
- Guide to the Study of Fishes (1905)
- Life's Enthusiasms (1906)
- The Blood of the Nation (1901 & 1910, expanded)
- California and the Californians (1911)
- War and Waste (1913)
- War's Aftermath (1914), with H. E. Jordan
- Days of a Man (1922) - autobiography
- Ways of Lasting Peace
- Democracy and World Relations
- Imperial Democracy
- Shore Fishes of Hawaii
- The Fish Fauna of the Tortugas Archipelago (with Dr. Joseph Cheesman Thompson) published for the US Bureau of Fisheries
Species named after him include:
- Agonomalus jordani Jordan & Starks, 1904.
- Agonomalus jordani Schmidt, 1904.
- Allocareproctus jordani (Burke, 1930).
- Astyanax jordani (Hubbs & Innes, 1936).
- Caelorinchus jordani Smith & Pope, 1906.
- Caulophryne jordani Goode & Bean, 1896.
- Chimaera jordani Tanaka, 1905.
- Charal, Chirostoma jordani Woolman, 1894.
- Jordan's tuskfish, Choerodon jordani (Snyder, 1908).
- Flame wrasse, Cirrhilabrus jordani Snyder, 1904.
- Smooth lumpfish, Cyclopteropsis jordani Soldatov, 1929.
- Diplacanthopoma jordani Garman, 1899.
- Mimic triplefin, Enneanectes jordani (Evermann & Marsh, 1899).
- Petrale sole, Eopsetta jordani (Lockington, 1879).
- Greenbreast darter, Etheostoma jordani Gilbert, 1891.
- Gadella jordani (Böhlke & Mead, 1951).
- Yellow Irish lord, Hemilepidotus jordani Bean, 1881.
- Brokenline lanternfish, Lampanyctus jordani Gilbert, 1913.
- Jordan's snapper, Lutjanus jordani (Gilbert, 1898).
- Shortjaw eelpout, Lycenchelys jordani (Evermann & Goldsborough, 1907).
- Malthopsis jordani Gilbert, 1905.
- Gulf grouper, Mycteroperca jordani (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889).
- Neosalanx jordani Wakiya & Takahashi, 1937.
- Patagonotothen jordani (Thompson, 1916).
- Ptychidio jordani Myers, 1930.
- Northern ronquil, Ronquilus jordani (Gilbert, 1889).
- Shortbelly rockfish, Sebastes jordani (Gilbert, 1896).
- Jordan's damsel, Teixeirichthys jordani (Rutter, 1897).
- Jordan's sculpin, Triglops jordani (Schmidt, 1903).
- Eugenics in the United States
- ^ "David Starr Jordan '72". Cornell Alumni News I (6): p. 39 & p. 43. May 10, 1899. http://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/1813/3163/5/001_06.pdf.
- ^ a b c d e f Papers of David Starr Jordan, CDG-A, Swarthmore College Peace Collection
- ^ "Meet President Jordan, "Stanford Magazine"
- ^ "Roster of Sierra Club Directors". Sierra Club. http://www.sierraclub.org/history/officers/directors.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
- ^ Dulfer & Hoag. Our Society Blue Book, pp. 177–178. San Francisco, Dulfer & Hoag, 1925.
- ^ 
- ^ G. Dallas Hanna, Expedition to the Revillagigedo Islands, Mexico, in 1925 - General Report; Proceedings of the California Academy Of Sciences, Vol. XV, No. 1, March 1926
- ^ NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN at www.moc.noaa.gov
- Edward McNall Burns, David Starr Jordan: Prophet of Freedom (Stanford, 1953)
- Alice N. Hays, David Starr Jordan: A Bibliography of His Writings 1871-1931 (Stanford, 1952)
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography.
- David Starr Jordan Papers, 1861-1964(call number SC 058; 250 linear ft.) are housed in the Department of Special Collections and University Archives at Stanford University Libraries
- History of Stanford motto, with Jordan bio info
- Works by David Starr Jordan at Project Gutenberg
- Official NOAA page for the research ship David Starr Jordan
- Biography, David Starr Jordan Prize website
- History And Status of Introduced Fishes In California, 1871 – 1996
- The Mysterious Death of Jane Stanford, by W. P. Cutler, reviewed by Susan Wolfe
Academic offices Preceded by
President of Indiana University
John Merle Coulter
President of Stanford University
John C. Branner
Presidents of Indiana University Stanford University Presidents
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