Duke of Bedford


Duke of Bedford
Dukedom of Bedford
5th Creation
Arms of the Duke of Bedford
Creation date 11 May 1694
Created by King William III
Queen Mary II
Peerage Peerage of England
First holder William Russell, 5th Earl of Bedford
Present holder Andrew Russell, 15th Duke
Heir apparent Henry Russell, Marquess of Tavistock
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten.
Subsidiary titles Marquess of Tavistock
Earl of Bedford
Baron Russell
Baron Russell of Thornhaugh
Baron Howland
William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford

Duke of Bedford (named after Bedford, England) is a title that has been created five times in the Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1414 in favour of Henry IV's third son, John, who later served as regent of France. He was made Earl of Kendal at the same time and was made Earl of Richmond later the same year. The titles became extinct on his death in 1435. The second creation came in 1470 in favour of George Neville, nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker. He was deprived of the title by Act of Parliament in 1478. The third creation came 1478 in favour of George, the third son of Edward IV. He died the following year at the age of two. The fourth creation came in 1485 in favour of Jasper Tudor, half-brother of Henry VI and uncle of Henry VII. He had already been created Earl of Pembroke in 1452. However, as a Lancastrian, his title was forfeited between 1461 and 1485 during the predominance of the House of York. He regained the earldom in 1485 when his nephew Henry VII came to the throne and was elevated to the dukedom the same year. He had no legitimate children and the titles became extinct on his death in 1495.

The Russell family currently holds the titles of Earl and Duke of Bedford. John Russell, a close advisor of Henry VIII and Edward VI, was granted the title of Earl of Bedford in 1551, and his descendant William, 5th Earl, was created Duke following the Glorious Revolution.

The subsidiary titles of the Duke of Bedford, all in the Peerage of England, are: Marquess of Tavistock (created 1694), Earl of Bedford (1550), Baron Russell, of Cheneys (1539), Baron Russell of Thornhaugh in the County of Northampton (1603), and Baron Howland, of Streatham in the County of Surrey (1695) (and possibly the Barony of Bedford, which was merged into it in 1138, 1366 or 1414). The courtesy title of the Duke of Bedford's eldest son and heir is Marquess of Tavistock.

The family seat is Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire. The private mausoleum and chapel of the Russell Family and the Dukes of Bedford is at St. Michael’s Church in Chenies, Buckinghamshire.

Contents

Dukes of Bedford, first Creation (1414, for life)

subsidiary title: Earl of Kendal (1414); also Earl of Richmond (1414)

Dukes of Bedford, second Creation (1433)

also Earl of Kendal (1414) and Earl of Richmond (1414)
  • John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford (1389–1435), regranted his dukedom with the standard remainder,[1] died without issue

Dukes of Bedford, third Creation (1470)

also Marquess of Montagu (1470) and Baron Montagu (1461)
  • George Neville, 1st Duke of Bedford (1457–1483), nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker, succeeded as Marquess of Montagu and Baron Montagu in 1471, deprived of all of his honours in 1478

Dukes of Bedford, fourth Creation (1478)

  • George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford (1477–1479), third son of Edward IV, died in infancy

Dukes of Bedford, fifth Creation (1485)

also Earl of Pembroke (1452)

Earls of Bedford (1551)

also Baron Russell (1538)
4th Earl onwards: Baron Russell of Thornhaugh (1603)

Dukes of Bedford, sixth Creation (1694)

subsidiary titles Marquess of Tavistock and Baron Howland; also Earl of Bedford (1551), Baron Russell (1538) and Baron Russell of Thornhaugh (1603)
  • William Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (1703), eldest son of the 2nd Duke, died in infancy
  • William Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (1704–c. 1707), second son of the 2nd Duke, died young
  • John Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (1732), eldest son of the 4th Duke, died in infancy
  • Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (1739–1767), second son of the 4th Duke and father of 5th and 6th Dukes

The heir apparent is the present holder's only son Henry Robin Charles Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (b. 2005)

Coat of arms

The heraldic blazon for the coat of arms of the Russell dukedom is: Argent, a lion rampant gules; on a chief sable, three escallops of the first.

See also

References

Cateogry:House of Russell


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