Alexander I of Macedon

Alexander I ( _el. Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μακεδών) was ruler of Macedon from 498 BC to 454 BC. He was the son of Amyntas I king of Macedon and Eurydice.

According to Herodotus he was unfriendly to Persia, and had the envoys of Darius I killed when they arrived at the court of his father during the Ionian Revolt. However, he was forced to submit to Persia during the invasion of Greece by Darius' son Xerxes I, and he acted as a representative of the Persian governor Mardonius during peace negotiations after the Persian defeat at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC. Despite his cooperation with Persia, he frequently gave supplies and advice to the Greeks, and warned them of Mardonius' plans before the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC. After the defeat in Plataea the Persian army, under the command of Artabazus tried to retreat all the way back to Asia Minor. Most of the 43,000 survivors were attacked and killed by the forces of Alexander at the estuary of the Strymon river. Alexander eventually regained Macedons independence after the end of the Persian Wars.

Although Macedon was considered a semi-barbaric state by some Greeks (especially those whose colonies near by were threatened by its expansion), Alexander claimed descent from Argive Greeks and Heracles. After a court of Elean hellanodikai determined his claim to be true, he was permitted to participate in the Olympic Games [Herodotus [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0126&layout=&loc=5.22 5.22] ] [Justin- [http://www.forumromanum.org/literature/justin/texte7.html#2 7.2.14] ] possibly in 504 BC [A History of Macedonia. Volume 2 [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0031-8299%28198123%2935%3A3%3C262%3AAHOMV2%3E2.0.CO%3B2-H&size=LARGE&origin=JSTOR-enlargePage Review: John Cole] ] an honor reserved only for Greeks. He modeled his court after Athens and was a patron of the poets Pindar and Bacchylides , who both of them dedicated poems to Alexander [Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry [http://books.google.com/books?id=UM-JMDlso7EC&pg=PA180&dq=Pindar+Alexander+son+of+Amyntas&sig=ZtewR7QQub3XfJAPYxNnSPC-jLU Page 180] By Simon Hornblower ISBN 0199249199] .

uccession

References

External links

*cite encyclopedia | last = Smith | first = William | authorlink = William Smith (lexicographer) | title = Alexander I | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology | volume = 1 | pages = 118 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company | location = Boston | year = 1867 | url = http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moa;cc=moa;idno=acl3129.0001.001;size=l;frm=frameset;seq=133


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander IV of Macedon — Alexander IV Aegus (in Greek, Ἀλέξανδρος Aἰγός mdash; 323 ndash;309 BC) was the son of Alexander the Great (Alexander III of Macedon) and the princess Roxana, of Bactria.BirthBecause Roxana was pregnant when her husband died and the gender of the …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander V of Macedon — Alexander V (d. 294 BC) was the third and youngest son of Cassander and Thessalonica of Macedon, who was a half sister of Alexander the Great.cite encyclopedia | last = Elder | first = Edward | authorlink = | title = Alexander | editor = William… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander II of Macedon — Alexander II (Greek Ἀλέξανδρος Β΄ ) was king of Macedon from 370 – 368 BC, following the death of his father Amyntas II. He was the eldest of the three sons of Amyntas and Eurydice.Although he had already attained his majority, Alexander was very …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander III of Macedon — biographical name 356 323 B.C. the Great king (336 323) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Alexander of Macedon — may refer to:*Alexander I of Macedon (d. 454 BC), ruled from 498 454 BC *Alexander II of Macedon (d. 368 BC), ruled from 370 368 BC *Alexander III of Macedon (356 323 BC), or Alexander the Great, ruled from 336 323 BC *Alexander IV of Macedon… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander the Great's personal relationships — Alexander the Great s lifelong companion was Hephaestion, the son of a Macedonian noble. Hephaistion was Alexander s closest friend, and held the position of second in command of Alexander s forces until his death, which devastated Alexander.… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander of Pherae — Alexander (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλέξανδρος) was tagus or despot of Pherae in Thessaly, and ruled from 369 BC to 358 BC.cite encyclopedia | last = Elder | first = Edward | authorlink = | title = Alexander of Pherae | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander I — may refer to:*Alexander I of Macedon, king of Macedon 495 450 B.C. *Alexander I of Epirus King of Epirus about 342 B.C. *Pope Alexander I, Pope from 106 to 115 *Alexander I of Scotland (c. 1078 1124), King of Scotland *Alexandru I cel Bun… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander II — may refer to:* Alexander II of Russia (1818 ndash;1881), the Emperor of Russia * Alexander II of Macedon, King of Macedon from 370 to 368 B.C. * Alexander II of Epirus, King of Epirus in 272 B.C. * Pope Alexander II, Pope from 1061 to 1073 *… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander III — may refer to:*Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great *Alexander (emperor), Byzantine Emperor (912–913) *Pope Alexander III pope from 1159 to 1181 *Alexander III of Scotland (1241 1286), king of Scotland *Alexander III of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.