- National Railway Company of Belgium
SNCB Group Type Government-owned corporation Industry Rail Transport Founded 1926 Headquarters Brussels, Belgium Products Rail Transport Revenue € 3.010 billion (2005) Operating income € 43,2 million (2005) Net income € -116 million (2005) Employees 37,865 (2005) Subsidiaries SNCB Logistics
Website http://www.b-rail.be/ National Railway Company of Belgium Operation Infrastructure company Infrabel Statistics Ridership 206.5 million per year  Passenger km 9.9 billion per year  Freight ~60 million tons per year  System length Total 3,374 kilometres (2,097 mi)  Double track 1,878 kilometres (1,167 mi) Electrified 3,002 kilometres (1,865 mi)  Gauge Main 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) High-speed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Electrification 3000 V DC Main network 25 kV AC High-speed lines, recent electrification Features No. stations 546  Map
The National Railway Company of Belgium, known as the Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen (help·info) (NMBS) (Dutch) or the Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Belges (SNCB) (French) is the Belgian national railway operator.
History and description
It was created in 1926. The SNCB is an autonomous government company. In 2005, the company was split up into three parts: Infrabel, which manages the railway infrastructure, network operations and network access, the public railway operator SNCB itself to manage the freight (B-Cargo) and passenger services, and SNCB-Holding, which owns both public companies and supervises the collaboration between them. Essentially, this was a move to facilitate future liberalisation of railway freight and passenger services in agreement with European regulations. Several freight operators have since received access permissions for the Belgian network. In February 2011, SNCB Logistics began operating as a separate business.
In 2008 the SNCB carried 207 million passengers a total of 8,676 million passenger-kilometres over a network of 3,536 kilometres (of which 2,950 km are electrified, mainly at 3000 V DC and 351 km at 25 kV 50 Hz AC).
Tickets are relatively cheap and service frequent, in part due to the high population density, and in part to large government subsidies.
The network currently includes four high speed lines suitable for 300 km/h (190 mph) traffic: HSL 1 runs from just south of Brussels to the French border, where it continues to Paris and Lille (and London beyond that), HSL 2 runs from Leuven to Liège, HSL 3 runs from Liège to the German border near Aachen and HSL 4 connects with HSL-Zuid in the Netherlands to allow services to run from Antwerp to Rotterdam. All lines are equipped with ERTMS (ETCS level 2 + GSM-R, access and fall-back in level 1).
- History of rail transport in Belgium
- List of SNCB/NMBS classes
- Rail transport in Belgium
- Transportation in Belgium
- ^ a b NMBS/SNCB (2008-05-29) (in dutch) (PDF), Jaarverslag 2007, Brussels: NMBS Public & Corporate Affairs (published July 2008), pp. 32, 46, http://www.b-rail.be/corporate/assets/corporatefiles/jaarverslag2007.pdf, retrieved 2008-10-26 (these numbers exclude DB ICE trains to/from Belgium)
- ^ Kerncijfers
- ^ a b Infrabel (2008-05-05), Benoit Gilson, ed. (PDF), Annual Report 2007, Brussels, pp. 6, http://ecms.infrabel.be/DMS/ds/en/4122328, retrieved 2008-10-26
- ^ (in Dutch) Lijst van NMBS-stations, http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_NMBS-stations, retrieved 2008-12-11
- ^ http://www.b-rail.be/main/E/
- ^ http://www.b-europe.com/Travel
- ^ http://www.eurostar.com/UK/us/leisure/travel_information/before_you_go/railteam.jsp
- ^ http://www.thalys.com/be/en/about-thalys/corporate
- ^ "Railway Gazette: SNCB Logistics gains independence". http://www.railwaygazette.com/nc/news/single-view/view/sncb-logistics-gains-independence.html. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ http://jobs.b-rail.be/main/f/who/figures.php
- Bueker.net - Map of the Belgian, Dutch and Luxemburg rail networks
- SNCB website (note that the travel planner, when applied to a foreign country, e.g. the Netherlands, may recommend odd detours, due to the selection of train services in the database)
- List of train stations
- Lijst van NMBS-stations (Dutch)
- Collection of Google Earth locations of SNCB stations (requires Google Earth software) from the Google Earth Community forum.
Public transport in Belgium National Flanders WalloniaSociété Régionale Wallonne du Transport — TEC — Charleroi Pre-metro Brussels See also: Airports — Ports — Motorways National railway companies of Europe List of railway companies · Rail transport by country · Railway companies by countryHSH • HYU1 • ÖBB • ADY1 • BŽD/BČ • SNCB/NMBS • ŽFBH2 and ŽRS3 • BDŽ • HŽ • ČD • DSB •
EVR • VR • SNCF • SR1 • DB • TrainOSE • MÁV • IÉ • FS • KTŽ1 • HK/KŽ4 • LDZ • LG •
CFL • MŽ • CFM • ŽCG • NS • NSB • PKP • CP • CFR • RŽD • ŽS • ŽSR • SŽ •
RENFE • SJAB • SBB/CFF/FFS • TCDD1 • UZ • BR5 / NR6 / NIR7
1Country partly in Asia • 2For the Federation BH • 3For Srpska • 4State with limited recognition • 51948-2000
6Created in 1999, owned by ATOC • 7For Northern Ireland
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