- Laurent Fabius
Infobox Prime Minister
Prime Minister of France
9th Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic
term_start =17 July 1984
term_end =20 March 1986
birth_date =Birth date and age|1946|8|20|df=y
occupation =Civil Servant
spouse =Françoise Castro (div.)
Laurent Fabius (born 20 August 1946) is a former Socialist Prime Minister of France. He led the government from 17 July 1984 to 20 March 1986. He was 37 years old when he was appointed and is, so far, the youngest Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic.
Member of National Assembly
After his studies, he became an auditor for the Council of State. He was first elected to the
French National Assemblyin 1978 as of the Socialist Party candidate for the fourth constituency of Seine Maritime. He quickly gained entry to the circle of François Mitterrand, the leader of the party.
When Mitterrand was elected President of France in 1981, Fabius was nominated Minister of the Budget. Two years later, he became Minister of Industry. In 1984, a government shake up by Mitterrand led him to be appointed Prime Minister (choosing him over the likes of Pierre Bérégovoy and Jacques Delors) at the age of 37. He advocated a new French socialism which accepts the market economy. He resigned after the Socialist defeat in the 1986 legislative election.
Symbol of a "modern" French socialism, he was weakened by the "infected blood scandal". His government was accused of having knowingly let doctors give haemophiliacs transfusions of blood infected by the AIDS virus. A judicial process similar to Impeachment acquitted him of all personal moral responsibility in the matter but he has never been absolved by public opinion.
He came to be seen as
Lionel Jospin's rival to be Mitterrand's heir. He failed to win the First Secretaryship of the party in 1988 and 1990 ( Rennes Congress) in spite of Mitterrand's support. Installed as chairman of the National Assembly in 1988 (at 41 years of age, the equal youngest in the history of the lower house), he succeeded finally in becoming First Secretary of the party in 1992, but resigned after the Socialist disaster of the 1993 legislative election.
He came back as chairman of the National Assembly in 1997, then as Minister of Economy between 2000 and 2002. After the retirement of Lionel Jospin, he hoped to return as Socialist leader but he failed. He declared that his mind was changed about a number of matters and he joined the left-wing of the party.
In this position he was the leader of the defeated "no" camp in the vote that took place among the members of his party on 1 December 2004, to decide the stance that the party would take on the impending Referendum on the
European Constitution. He went on to lead the rebel faction of the party advocating a "no" vote in the 2005 Referendum, and was seen as the spearhead of the whole "no" campaign in France. After the "no" vote won, the party leader gave an assurance that he could remain in the party though he was dismissed from the party's National Executive Committee.
Failed Candidate of French Presidential Election
He was a candidate in the Socialist Party's primary election to be the party's candidate in the 2007 presidential election, but finished third, behind
Ségolène Royal, the winner, and Dominique Strauss-Kahn. He was re-elected to the National Assembly in the June 2007 parliamentary election. [ [http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/13/tribun/fiches_id/1268.asp CV at National Assembly website] fr icon.]
Fabius's Ministry, 19 July 1984 - 20 March 1986
*Laurent Fabius - Prime Minister
Claude Cheysson- Minister of External Relations
Roland Dumas- Minister of European Affairs
Charles Hernu- Minister of Defense
Pierre Joxe- Minister of the Interior and Decentralization
Pierre Bérégovoy- Minister of Economy, Finance, and Budget
Édith Cresson- Minister of Industrial Redeployment and External Commerce
Michel Delebarre- Minister of Labour, Employment, and Vocational Training
Robert Badinter- Minister of Justice
Jean-Pierre Chevènement- Minister of National Education
Michel Rocard- Minister of Agriculture
Huguette Bouchardeau- Minister of Environment
Paul Quilès- Minister of Transport, Town Planning, and Housing
Michel Crépeau- Minister of Commerce, Craft Industry, and Tourism
Gaston Defferre- Minister of Planning and Regional Planning
Hubert Curien- Minister of Research and Technology
Georgina Dufoix- Minister of Social Affairs and National Solidarity.
*7 December 1984 -
Roland Dumassucceeds Cheysson as Minister of External Relations. The position of Minister of European Affairs is abolished. Jack Lang enters the Cabinet as Minister of Culture. The office of Minister of Social Affairs and National Solidarity is abolished, and Georgina Dufoix leaves the Cabinet.
*4 April 1985 -
Henri Nalletsucceeds Rocard as Minister of Agriculture.
*21 May 1985 - 15 November 1985
Edgard Pisaniappointed minister in charge of New Caledonia
*20 September 1985 -
Paul Quilèssucceeds Hernu as Minister of Defense in the wake of the "Rainbow Warrior" bombing. Jean Aurouxsucceeds Quilès as Minister of Transport, Town Planning, and Housing.
*19 February 1986 -
Michel Crépeausucceeds Badinter as Minister of Justice. Jean-Marie Bockelsucceeds Crépeau as Minister of Commerce, Craft Industry, and Tourism.
* [http://www.assemblee-nat.fr/12/tribun/fiches_id/1268.asp Laurent Fabius' official page] in the
French National Assembly(in French)
* [http://www.laurent-fabius.net Laurent Fabius' personal web page] (in French)
* [http://www.thehist.com/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=248&Itemid=455 His Speech] to the
College Historical Societyof Trinity College
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Laurent Fabius — im Mai 2007 Laurent Fabius (* 20. August 1946 in Paris) ist ein französischer Politiker. Vom 17. Juli 1984 bis zum 20. März 1986 war er Premierminister von Frankreich. Von 1992 bis 1993 war er Erster Sekretär (Vorsitzender) der Sozialistischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Laurent Fabius — Laurent Fabius. Laurent Fabius (*París, 20 de agosto de 1946) es político francés, miembro del Partido Socialista y Primer Ministro de Francia … Wikipedia Español
Laurent Fabius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fabius. Laurent Fabius … Wikipédia en Français
Laurent Fabius — n. (born 1946) French politician … English contemporary dictionary
Gouvernement Laurent Fabius — Régime Cinquième République Premier ministre Laurent Fabius Début 17 juillet 1984 Fin 20 mars 1986 Durée … Wikipédia en Français
Fabius (disambiguation) — Fabius is a name of Roman origin, the nomen of the gens Fabia.People* Laurent Fabius, a French politician. * For a list of Roman people named Fabius, see Fabius.PlacesPlaces named after the Fabius family members: *Town of Fabius, New York… … Wikipedia
Fabius — ist ein römischer Familienname (nomen gentile) und davon abgeleitet ein moderner männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Laurent — ist ein französischer männlicher Vorname lateinischer Herkunft. Näheres zur Etymologie des Namens siehe unter Laurentius. Laurent ist auch ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fabius — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Fabius est un nom propre qui peut faire référence à : Sommaire 1 Prénom et patronyme 2 … Wikipédia en Français
Fabius, Laurent — (1946 ) political figure Born in Paris, Laurent Fabius, in 1984, became the youngest prime minister in French history. A Socialist deputy in 1978, and with the coming of the Left to power, he was named minister of finance (1981 83), then… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present