Herisau


Herisau

Infobox Swiss town
subject_name = Herisau
municipality_name = Herisau
municipality_type = city
imagepath_coa = |pixel_coa=
image_photo = Herisau.jpg
image_caption =



languages = German
canton = Appenzell Ausserrhoden
iso-code-region = CH-AR
district = n.a.
lat_d=47|lat_m=23|lat_NS=N|long_d=9|long_m=16|long_EW=E
postal_code = 9100
municipality_code = 3001
area = 25.17
elevation = 771|elevation_description=
population = 18507|populationof = January 2004 | popofyear = 2004
website = www.herisau.ch
mayor = |mayor_asof=|mayor_party=
mayor_title = |list_of_mayors =
places =
demonym =
neighboring_municipalities= Degersheim (SG), Flawil (SG), Gossau (SG), Hundwil, St. Gallen (SG), Schwellbrunn, Stein, Waldstatt
twintowns = |

Herisau is a municipality of the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. It is the seat of the canton's government and parliament; the judicial authorities are situated in Trogen.

The central hamlet and the houses around the central square, the Protestant church of 1580, the houses "Wetter" and "zur Rose" (both 1737), the hamlet "Schwänberg" and the government building with the state archive are listed as heritage sites of national significance. [Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance (1995), p. 55.]

History

Herisau was first mentioned in 837, its church in 907. In 1084 Herisau was destroyed as part of battles around the monastery in St. Gallen. In 1248 and 1249 the town was destroyed again, this time by the monastery to establish loyalty. In 1401 Herisau joined an alliance with other places in Appenzell.

Between 1517 and 1518 Herisau managed to buy itself free from the monastery. The town hall was built in 1601. In 1606 the town was largely destroyed by a fire. In 1648 Schwellbrunn separates and becomes an independent village. Between 1798 and 1803 Herisau was the capital of the canton "Säntis".

Economy

Herisau is located in the centre of eastern Switzerland. As early as 1537 it established itself as an important centre of trade and commerce.

Notable residents

*Robert Walser (1878-1956), writer
*Johannes Baumann, member of the Swiss Federal Council (1934–1940)
*Hans-Rudolf Merz, member of the Swiss Federal Council (since 2004)
*Paul Giger (born 1952), violinist and composer
*Jonas Hiller, National Hockey League goaltend

References

External links

*http://www.herisau.ch de icon official website
*HDS|1293|Herisau


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herisau — Basisdaten Staat: Schweiz Kanton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herisau — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herisau — Vue d ensemble de la commune. Administration Pays Suisse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herisau — Herisau,   Hauptort des Kantons Appenzell Ausserrhoden und von dessen Bezirk Hinterland, Schweiz, an der Glatt, 774 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 16 100 Einwohner; Heimatmuseum; Kunststoffverarbeitung und Kabelindustrie, Textilindustrie, Maschinen… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Herisau — Herisau, Marktflecken und Hauptort des schweizer. Kantons Appenzell Außer Rhoden, an der Sekundärbahn Winkeln Appenzell und der im Bau begriffenen Linie St. Gallen Uznach, 778 m ü. M., Waffenplatz der 7. Division, hat eine alte evangelische und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herisau — Herisau, Marktflecken im schweiz. Kanton Appenzell Außerrhoden, 777 m ü. d. M., an der Glatt, (1900) 13.497 prot. E.; bedeutende Baumwollindustrie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Herisau — Herisau, Flecken in Appenzell Außer Rhoden an der Glatt, 2 St. von St. Gallen, mit 8400 E., Hauptsitz der Musselin , Indienne u. Gazefabrikation der Appenzeller …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Herisau — v. de Suisse (Appenzell), ch. l. des Rhodes Extérieures; 14 500 hab. Industr. text., chim. et mécan …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Herisau — Ger. /hay rddi zow /, n. a town in and the capital of Appenzell Ausser Rhoden, in NE Switzerland. 14,000. French, Herisau /ay rddee zoh /. * * * ▪ Switzerland       capital, Appenzell Ausser Rhoden Halbkanton (demicanton) northeastern Switzerland …   Universalium


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