Gopinath Kaviraj

Gopinath Kaviraj (7 September 1887 - 12 June 1976) was a Sanskrit scholar and philosopher. Kaviraj was the posthumous son of Vaikunthanath, a Bengali scholar of philosophy. He was born in Village Dhamrai, in the district of Dacca, now the capital of Bangladesh. His family name was "Bagchi" and "Kaviraj" was an honorific attached to him.


He did his initial studies at Jaipur where he came in contact with great luminaries of that time like Madhusudan Ojha, Shasdhar Tarkchudamani and others. He has passed Intermediate from Dacca and B.A. from Maharaja College, Jaipur. He stood first in order of merit in MA from Allahabad University in 1913.


The final phase of his education started at Varanasi under the guidance of Dr. Arthur Venis. Dr. Venis appointed him as a librarian of the famous Sarasvati Bhavan Library of the Government Sanskrit College, Varanasi. It was at Varanasi that Kavirajji was exposed to various facets of ancient Tantric Philosophy. A few years later, he was initiated by Paramhansa Vishuddhananda, a famous Yogi in Kashi who demonstrated great Yogic powers and was thought to have revealed "Gyanganj" to Kaviraj. In 1924, he became principal of Govt. Sanskrit College (Later Sampurnanand Sanskrit University in Varanasi). He was the Chief Editor of Sarasvati Bhavana Texts. But being more interested in research and personal spiritual path, he retired from this position.
[Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya, Kashi ki Panditya Parampara, Vishwavidyalaya Prakashan, Varanasi, 1983.]

He was very fond of Kashi (Varnasi)and never left it except to accept his Padma Bhusan. In his later years, along with the famous scholar saint Sri Anirvan [] . he devoted himself to the study of Kashmir Shaivism which he considered the fountain head of Indian Shaivite philosophy. In his later years he became an ardent devotee of Anandmayi Maa whom he considered goddess incarnate.

Book Authored

1. Bhartiya Samskriti Aur Sadhana
2. Tantric Vangmaya men Saktadrsti
3. Tantric Sadhana aur Siddhant
4. Sri Krsna Prasanga
5. Kashi Ki Saraswat Sadhana
6. Patravali
7. Sva Samvedan
8. Akhanda Mahayoger Pathe
9. Visuddhananda Prasanga
10. Tantrik Sahitya
11. Sadhu Darshan evam Sat Prasanga
12. Aspects of Indian thought


* "Sri Sri Vishuddhanand Prasanga" - An account of the life and mysterious activities of his Spiritual Guru "Visuddhananda Paramhansa". It also reveals many Secrets of Tantra and Yoga, and refers to "Gyanganj"
* "Tantric Sadhana"
* "Bharatiya Sadhanar Dhara"
* "Sri Krishna Prasanga"
* "Mrityubijnan O Karmorahasya"
* "Tripurarahasyam"
* "Goraksasiddhantasamgrahah"
* "Sahityachinta"
* "Siddhabhoomi Gyanganj" - in Bengali. A translated Version in Hindi was published in India by Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan


* Mahamahopadhyay (1934)
* Padma Bhushan (1964)
* DLitt (1947), by Allahabad University
* Sahitya Vachaspati (1965), by the Uttar Pradesh government
* Deshikottam (1976), by Visva-Bharati


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