Timeline of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy
This is the timeline of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy. The cartoons were first published by "
Jyllands-Posten" in late September 2005; approximately two weeks later, nearly 3,500 people demonstrated peacefully in Copenhagen. In November, several European newspapers re-published the images, triggering more protests.
Labour strikes began in
Pakistanthe following month, and several organizations criticized the Danish government. More protests occurred in January 2006, and later that month a boycottof Danish goods began. Several countries withdrew their ambassadors to Denmark, and widespread protests, some of them violent, began. The protests continued in February. In Damascus, Syria, both the Norwegian embassyand a building containing the Danish, Swedish, and Chilean embassies were stormed and set on fire by protesters. In Beirut, thousands of people protested on the streets, and the Danish General Consulate was stormed and set on fire. As of March 2 2006, at least 139 people have died primarily during riots stemming from protests.
Flemming Rose, the cultural editor of " Jyllands-Posten", commissions twelve cartoonists to draw cartoons of Islamic prophet Muhammad. This based upon a motivation explained as stemming from difficulties that Danish writer Kåre Bluitgenhad finding artists to illustrate his children's book about Muhammad]
Canada's CTV television networknews broadcasts a brief static close up of the cartoons. [cite news|date= 2006-02-03|publisher=CTV|url= http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20060203/muhammed_cartoon_follow_060203/20060203?hub=World |title=Muslim furor over cartoons continues to spread]
* Judge Mohammed Jajbhay pre-emptively bans the publication of the cartoons in
South Africafollowing a request for an urgent interdict by the Muslim "Jamiat-ul Ulama Transvaal" organization. This move is widely criticized by opposition political parties and journalist organizations. [cite news|url=http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2-7-1442_1875691,00.html|title=Ban on cartoons 'worrying'|date= 2006-02-05|publisher=News24.com]
* Islamic retailer Ziyad Brothers suspends business with Arla Foods.
* Belgian newspaper "
La Libre Belgique" prints a game in which people have to connect the dots in order to find the image of Muhammad [fr icon cite news|date= 2006-02-03|title=La Libre Belgique|url=http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caricatures_de_Mahomet#Belgique|publisher=Wikipedia]
* Colonel Ažubalis, the Commander of the Lithuania-led Ghor Provincial Reconstruction Team, Afghanistan, took decision that Danish mobile communications and surveillance group will not implement any tasks during the period February 3-8, according to BNS. Also the number of operations was diminished by Danish battalion in Iraq peacekeeping mission where near 50 Lithuanians served. [lt icon cite news|title=Apribotos danų ir lietuvių karių operacijos Irake|publisher=www.delfi.lt|date=
* The daily
New Zealandnewspaper "The Dominion Post" prints the cartoons and an accompanying article.
* The Polish newspaper "Rzeczpospolita" publishes the cartoons, much like the most influential Czech daily
* The editor of the
Jordanian newspaper "al-Shihan", Jihad Momani, was arrested. [cite news|title=Two Jordan editors are arrested|date= 2006-02-04|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4680948.stm|publisher=BBC News]
Islamist demonstration outside Danish Embassy in Londoncontinues with organisation from Hizb ut-Tahrir. Building student Omar Khayam, 22, from Bedford, was photographed wearing a garment resembling a 7 July 2005 London bombingstype suicide bomber's jacket outside the Embassy. A speaker calls on "the governments of the Muslim world to completely sever all contact with European governments" until they had "controlled the media". Police later say that two men were arrested near the embassy during the protest. "They were arrested to prevent a breach of the peace, after a search by officers found leaflets including cartoons of the prophet Muhammad," a Metropolitan Police Servicespokeswoman said. [cite news|title=Muslims in fresh cartoonsprotest|date= 2006-02-04|publisher=The Scotsman|url=http://news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=181612006]
* The building which houses the
Chilean, Swedish, and Danish embassies in Damascus, Syria, is set on fire after being stormed by angry mob. The Swedish and Chilean embassies were very badly damaged, [cite news|title= Embassies burn in cartoon protest|date= 2006-02-04|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4681294.stm|publisher=BBC news] but the Danish embassy, which is located on the 3rd floor, was only partially damaged. As a response to this incident, the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a warning urging Danish citizens in Syria to leave the country immediately. The Danish ambassador had asked the Syrian government for proper protection of the embassy before the attack. Danish government does not rule out severing diplomatic ties with Syria.
* The Norwegian embassy in Damascus is attacked and set on fire. The Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Jonas Gahr Støre, advises all Norwegians to leave Syria. Støre told the media that he sees the situation as a very serious diplomatic crisis and threatens to sever the diplomatic ties with Syria. [no icon cite news|title=Gahr Støre hardt ut mot Syria|date= 2006-02-04|url=http://www.dagbladet.no/nyheter/2006/02/04/456820.html| publisher=Dagbladet]
* Several demonstrations in
Hillerød, Denmark collide and become violent. [da icon cite news|title=Masseanholdelser og uro i Hillerød|date= 2006-02-04|url= http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=436709|publisher=Politiken] One demonstration was arranged by a small nationalistic group and included at least one neo-Nazi. Other groups represented were Muslims, Danish anti-racists, and a group well known to the police for becoming violent (named "autonome"). 162 people were arrested. Around 110 were demonstrating against the nationalistic group and the rest were mostly Muslims also demonstrating against the nationalistic group.
Holy Seesays the right to freedom of expression does not imply the right to offend religious beliefs, [cite news|title=Vatican cardinal criticizes cartoons satirizing prophet Mohammed|date= 2006-02-03|url=http://www.catholic.org/international/international_story.php?id=18582| publisher=Catholic Online] but also that a government should not be held responsible for actions of a newspaper.
* UN Secretary-General
Kofi Annancalls for calm and urges Muslims to accept an apology from the Danish paper that first published the cartoons.
* A new network of Danish Muslims (called Moderate Muslims) is founded as a response to the cartoon controversy, with the Danish Muslim member of parliament
Naser Khaderas one of the founding members. This new network will represent Muslims that focus on freedom of speech, democracy, and positive and peaceful relations between Muslims and non-Muslims. [cite news|title=British Appease While Moderate Muslims Speak Out|date= 2006-02-04|publisher=The Brussels Journal| url=http://www.brusselsjournal.com/node/752]
* An op-ed in "
The Wall Street Journal" reported that "Danish Muslims ... added two particularly inflammatory drawings that had never been published by the paper -- one involved a pig's nose and the other an indecent act with a dog." [ cite news| url=http://online.wsj.com/article/SB113902160067465086.html?mod=article-outset-box| title=Europe's New Dissidents| first=Daniel| last=Schwammenthal| publisher=Wall Street Journal|date= February 4, 2006] The pictures are in the Akkari-Laban dossier.
* The US blames Syria for not sufficiently protecting the embassies in Damascus. The
White Housestated: "We stand in solidarity with Denmark and our European allies in opposition to the outrageous acts in Syria today." [cite news|title=U.S. blames Syria for not protecting embassies|date= 2006-02-04|url=http://today.reuters.com/News/CrisesArticle.aspx?storyId=N04334765| publisher=Reuters]
* The president of
Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, orders to cancel contracts with all countries where media have published the cartoons. [da icon cite news|title=Iran: Ophæv kontrakter med lande der viser tegninger|date= 2006-02-04|url=http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=436700| publisher=Politiken]
* "Jyllands-Posten" is revealed to be the winner of the annual "Victor prize" given by the newspaper "
Ekstra Bladet", for defending the freedom of press under heavy pressure.
* The German center of culture in the
Gaza Stripwas ravaged by demonstrators. [de icon cite news|title=Deutsches Kulturzentrum in Gaza gestürmt|date= 2006-02-04|url=http://www.netzeitung.de/spezial/nahost/380802.html| publisher=Netzeitung.de]
* The Danish newspaper "
Politiken" reveals that "Jyllands-Posten" in 2003, denied an unsolicited submission that caricatured the resurrection of Jesus, with the reason, that it would lead to an outcry. [da iconcite news|title=Danish paper rejected Jesus cartoons |date= 2006-02-06|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,,1703501,00.html|publisher=The Guardian]
* The UK's Shadow
Home SecretaryDavid Davis says to the " Sunday Telegraph" that some of the placards held at the Muslim protest in London on February 3amounted to "incitement to murder" and protesters should be dealt with firmly by police. [cite news|title=Tories condemn Muslim protesters| date= 2006-02-05|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4682262.stm|publisher=BBC News]
Iranrecalls its ambassador from Denmark and bans journalists from its country. [da icon cite news|title=Iran kalder ambassadør hjem fra Danmark|date= 2006-02-05| url=http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=436766| publisher=Politiken]
* The Danish consulate in
Beirut, Lebanonis set ablaze during a demonstration. [cite news|title= Protesters burn consulate over cartoons|date= 2006-02-05|url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/asiapcf/02/05/cartoon.protests/| publisher=CNN] The police arrest many people, almost half of them are from Syria. [da icon cite news|title=Prosyrere bag angrebet i Libanon|date= 2006-02-06| url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2006/02/06/083642.htm| publisher=Danmarks Radio]
* Demonstrators in
Lebanonfrom a demonstration at the Danish consulate cause property damage in Christianneighborhoods of Beirut. [da icon cite news|title=Konsulatet i Beirut i brand|date= 2006-02-05|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Indland/2006/02/05/111744.htm| publisher=Danmarks Radio]
* In a press conference in Copenhagen, Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs
Per Stig Møllerassures that no Qur'anburnings had taken place in Denmark, and urged all parties to "talk down the crisis" so that they could "move forward together".
Arab European League, a conservative Arab nationalist organization, puts several anti-Semitic cartoons on its website in response to the Danish cartoons.
Syrian newspaper "Al-Thawra", which is owned by the state, claims that the Danish government is responsible for having the embassy burned down. [da icon cite news|title=Syrien: Afbrænding var Danmarks egen skyld|date= 2006-02-05|url=http://www.bt.dk/nyheder/artikel:aid=418824:fid=100300456/| publisher=B.T.]
Iraqi Ministry of Transportation freezes contracts with Denmarkand Norway.
Brussels, Belgium, thousands of Muslims spontaneously gather and hold a peaceful protest against the cartoons. [nl icon cite news|title= Spontaan protest tegen cartoon in Brussel|date = 2006-02-05|publisher = VRT|url= http://www.vrtnieuws.net/nieuwsnet_master/versie2/nieuws/details/060205BetogingCartoon/index.shtml]
* The Lebanese Interior Minister,
Hassan Sabeh, announces his resignation in reaction to the torching of the Danish consulate in Beirut, and to the following criticism. [da iconcite news|title=Libanons indenrigsminister træder tilbage|date= 2006-02-05|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2006/02/05/201536.htm|publisher = Danmarks Radio]
* A peaceful demonstration is arranged for peace, dialogue, and understanding in
Copenhagen. Almost 3000 Muslims and non-Muslims participate. [da icon cite news|title=Dansk demonstration for fred og dialog|publisher = Danmarks Radio|date= 2006-02-05|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Indland/2006/02/05/172150.htm]
* The US ambassador to Denmark,
James P. Cain, says he is pleased major American newspapers have not re-printed the cartoons.Fact|date=February 2007
* The Islamic Army, a militant
Iraqi group with ties to al-Qaeda, says Danish citizens, and citizens of other countries who have published the cartoons, should be captured and killed.
* The Prime Minister of Norway,
Jens Stoltenberg, will formally complain to the United Nationsagainst Syriafor its failure to protect the Norwegian embassy in Damascus. [cite web|url=http://www.swissinfo.org/sen/swissinfo.html?siteSect=143&sid=6441731&cKey=1139169916000 |author=James Kilner|title=Norway PM blames Syria for embassy attack|date= 2006-02-05|publisher=Reuters]
* Charges against the two
Jordanian editors that published the cartoon are dropped. [de icon cite news|title=Brennende Botschaften und Antisemitismus|date= 2006-02-05|url=http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/0,1518,399224,00.html |publisher = Der Spiegel]
* 500 Muslims protest peacefully against the cartoons in
* At a press conference, the Danish Foreign Minister says that this is no longer about Denmark and the twelve cartoons and it is no longer a crisis between Denmark and Arab Muslim countries. Instead, it is a crisis for Western-Arab cooperation, and has to be solved using international cooperation.
* The Conference of European Rabbis expresses its concern at the publication of the cartoons, which "humiliate and disparage the feelings of Muslims", comparing them to anti-Semitic caricatures. [cite web|url=http://www.cer-online.org/en/DisplayRelease.asp?ID=35|title=The right to satirise is not the right to injure or humiliate|publisher=Conference of European Rabbis press release|date=
Andrea Santoro, a Catholic priest, is murdered on February 5th at the Santa Maria Church in Trabzon, Turkeywhere he served. A 16 year-old high school student is arrested two days later carrying a 9mm pistol. The student tells policehe had been influenced by the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy. [cite news|url=http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=24&art_id=vn20060208033427794C349514 |publisher=Independent Online|title=Murder of priest 'religious revenge'|date= 2006-02-08]
* More than seven hundred protesters march through the streets of
Auckland, New Zealandafter four newspapers in New Zealand reprint the cartoons. [cite news|url=http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2006/02/05/1139074108606.html|publisher=The Age|title=Cartoon rage spreads to New Zealand|date= February 6, 2006]
Ukrainian newspaper " Sevodnya" publishes the cartoons. [cite news|title=Mohamed vas gleda|url=http://mladina.si/tednik/200606/clanek/nar--svoboda_govora-mateja_hrastar/|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Mladina]
Slovenian newspaper " Mladina" publishes several cartoons
* A protest of approximately 5,000 people is planned in
Jakarta, Indonesiaat the Danish embassy. [cite news|title=Indonesian Muslim party plans large protest today over cartoons outside Danish embassy|publisher=Khaleej Times Online|url= http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticle.asp?xfile=data/theworld/2006/February/theworld_February136.xml§ion=theworld |date= 2006-02-06]
* Approximately 1,000
protesters march for three hours in Paris, Francein response to the publication of the cartoons in several European newspapers. French Prime Minister Dominique de Villepincondemned the violence that had occurred internationally in response to the cartoons, but called for tolerance and respect toward other faiths. [cite news|title=Protests in France against controversial cartoons|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200602/s1562758.htm|date= 2006-02-06| publisher=Agence France-Presse]
* Three dead at Afghan demonstration against the cartoons. [cite news|title=Two die in Afghan cartoon protest|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4684652.stm|date=
* Danish soldiers in
Iraqare shot at while trying to give first aidto 10-15 Iraqi children who were hit by a truck in a traffic accident. The Danish soldiers manage to save some of the children and bring them to a hospital. The Danish army says that this may be a reaction to the cartoons.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmarkrecommends not spending holidays in the following countries: Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Sudan, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Jordan, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. This will affect 3,000 people who already bought their tickets. [cite news|title=Danes issue travel warning list|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4684930.stm|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=BBC]
Ahmed Akkari, spokesman for 29 Muslim organisations in Denmark, offers to go on Arab television with Prime Minister of Denmark Anders Fogh Rasmussenin order to explain why it is not the Danish Prime Minister or the Danish Queen who should provide apologies. [da iconcite news|title=Akkari vil på arabisk tv med Fogh|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Indland/2006/02/06/073724.htm|date= 2006-02-06| publisher=Danmarks Radio]
Sterling AirlinesA/S, an Icelandic owned low-fare airline based in Copenhagen, stops all flights to Egypt as a consequence of the travel recommendations from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. [da iconcite news|title=Sterling stops flying to Egypt|url=http://ekstrabladet.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=333803|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Ekstra Bladet]
* Demonstrators in
Indonesiadamage the Danish consulate and try to damage the US consulate. At the American consulate, they clash with police, and warning shots are fired.
* The government of Lebanon apologizes to Denmark for not having protected the consulate well enough. [da iconcite news|title=Lebanon apologizes to Denmark|url=http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=436949|date=
* The embassy of
Austriain Tehran, Iran, is attacked by fire-bombs. The firebombs do not catch fire, and shortly afterwards the security forces protect the embassy. [da icon cite news|title=Iran: firebombs against embassy|url=http://nyhederne.tv2.dk/article.php?id=3600494&forside|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=TV 2] Austria is the current chairman of the European Union.
* UK Prime Minister
Tony Blairexpresses his full support and solidarity with Denmark. [da iconcite news|title=Blair supports Denmark|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2006/02/06/134555.htm|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Danmarks Radio]
Secretary General of NATO, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, expresses his full support for Denmark. [da icon cite news|title=Blair supports Denmark|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2006/02/06/134555.htm|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Danmarks Radio]
Israeli English languagenewspaper, " The Jerusalem Post", prints the drawings, although very small, almost impossible to see. [da iconcite news|title=Jerusalem Post prints Muhammad drawings|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2006/02/06/152055.htm|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Danmarks Radio]
Iranstops all trade with Denmark, thereby violating their agreements with the EU. [da icon cite news|title=Iran stops all trade with Denmark|url=http://www.borsen.dk/650.84180|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Børsen]
* The Danish embassy in
Indonesiashuts down in order to secure the employees.
* The Danish embassy in
Iranis attacked. About 20 firebombs are thrown at the building, but no damage seems to have been done.
* The American ambassador in Denmark repeats in several media that USA supports Denmark and is 100% behind Denmark. He also states that USA is fully behind freedom of speech and would never intervene against media who publishes the cartoons. [da icon cite news|title=USA: We stand together with Denmark|url=http://nyhederne.tv2.dk/article.php?id=3603362|date=
Grand Muftiof Syria is sorry that the relationship with Denmark has deteriorated, but hopes to restore it as soon as possible. He says that 10,000 people were at the demonstration at the Danish Embassy, but only 10-15 were responsible for burning it down. He says that the Syrian population will rebuild the embassy, even nicer than it was before. It would be a gift to the Danish population. When TV 2 visits him, he gives them a gold plate with citations from the Qur'an as a gift to the Danish people. Syria has officially apologized for not protecting the embassy well enough. [da iconcite news|title=Excuse from Syria and Lebanon|url= http://nyhederne.tv2.dk/article.php?id=3603680|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=TV 2]
Danish Refugee Council, the largest humanitarian aid organisation in Chechnyaand supplier of food for 250,000 people in Chechnya and Dagestan, is asked by the government of Chechnya to leave the country, citing the current controversy. The organisation also has problems with delivering humanitarian aid in Sudan.
Ferial Haffajee, editor of South African newspaper The " Mail & Guardian", which reprinted the cartoons, reports receiving threats. [cite news|title=SA editor threatened over cartoon|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4685040.stm|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=BBC News]
* An Iranian newspaper, "
Hamshahri", announces a competition for cartoons on The Holocaust, apparently in retaliation to the "Jyllands-Posten" cartoons. [cite news|title=Iranian paper launches Holocaust cartoon competition|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,251-2027749,00.html|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=The Times]
* Two people die at a protest near the
Bagram Air Base. The death toll in Afghanistanis now at five. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4684652.stm]
Somalia, a teenage boy dies after protesters attack police. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4684652.stm|title=Muslim cartoon fury claims lives|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=BBC News]
* US vice secretary of foreign affairs, Daniel Fried, states that Denmark has nothing to excuse.
* A man in Aarhus, Denmark files charges against "Jyllands-Posten" both for blasphemizing and, in doing so, harming the country. [sv icon cite news|title=Jyllands-Posten polisanmäld|url=http://www.tv4.se/nyheter/442771.html|date=
Terry Davis, secretary general of the Council of Europe, says that the publication of the cartoons crossed an ethical line even if it still was legal. [sv iconcite news|title=Europarådet kritiserar teckningarna|url=http://www.tv4.se/nyheter/442666.html|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=TV4]
* Danish illustrator Christoffer Zieler reports that in April 2003 he submitted a series of satirical cartoons about the
resurrectionof Christto " Jyllands-Posten", but they were turned down by the editor, who said "I don't think Jyllands-Posten's readers will enjoy the drawings. As a matter of fact, I think that they will provoke an outcry. Therefore, I will not use them." The cartoons were not solicited by the newspaper. [http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,,1703501,00.html]
* Approximately 1,000
protesters marched in Paris, Francein response to the publication of the cartoons in several European newspapers. [cite news|title=Protests in France against controversial cartoons|url= http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200602/s1562758.htm|date= 2006-02-06|publisher=Agence France-Presse]
Tehran, Iran, tear gas is used against protesters in front of the Danish embassy. [cite news|title=Muslims continue protest against satirical cartoons |url=http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2006/s1564092.htm|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=ABC.au]
* Thousands of protesters clash with police and
NATOpeacekeepers in Afghanistan. [cite news|title=Afghans Protest Against Prophet Cartoons |url=http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=1588466|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=ABC news] :Four demonstrators are killed in an attack on a Norwegian-led military base in Maymana, capital of the Faryab provincein western Afghanistan. At least 20 others, among them five Norwegian soldiers, are injured by grenade splinters. [cite news|title=Four killed in attack on Norwegian-led military base in Afghanistan|url= http://www.aftenposten.no/english/local/article1216591.ece |date= 2006-02-07|publisher=Aftenposten]
* Thousands of students protest in
Egypt[http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/060214/2006021412.html] and Peshawar, Pakistan. [cite news|title=Ugly protests in cartoons row |url=http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/DD43BE5C-B457-4AC0-BE1F-824E5DB30016.htm|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=Al-Jazeera] Peaceful anti-Denmark protests also occur in Niamey, Niger, (tens of thousands) Kano, Nigeria(where lawmakers burned Danish flags), Kashmir, Pakistan, and Cotabato, Philippines[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4690338.stm]
* Protest take place in
Helsinki, Finlandin front of the Danish embassy, around 200 people attend. [cite news|title=Demonstrators denounce violence|url=http://www.hs.fi/english/article/Estimated+200+Muslims+hold+protest+at+Danish+Embassy+in+Helsinki+/1135218665479|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=Helsingin Sanomat]
Ali Khamenei, the spiritual leader of Iran, expresses the hypocrisy of Western media in publishing these cartoons during an address, to Iranian air force personnel. [cite news|title=Iran Leader Denounces Prophet Cartoons|url=http://www.wtopnews.com/index.php?nid=500&sid=691662|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=WTOP]
Nestlépublishes posters denouncing the rumor that any of its products are Danish in origin. [cite news|title=Nestlé moves to dodge Middle East boycotts|url=http://www.foodproductiondaily.com/news/ng.asp?n=65651-nestle-arla-foods-middle-east|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=Food Production Daily]
* The defacement of Danish websites by pro-Muslim hackers reaches 578 within 1 week. [cite news|title=Muslim hackers blast Denmark in Net assault |url=http://www.pcpro.co.uk/news/83314/muslim-hackers-blast-denmark-in-net-assault.html|date=
Prime Minister of Italy, Silvio Berlusconi, asks Turkeyto "neutralize fanatics", after the murder of an Italian Roman Catholicpriest. 
Amnesty Internationalpublishes a statement declaring that Freedom of Speechis not absolute and should be used responsibly. [cite news|title=Freedom of speech carries responsibilities for all|url=http://www.amnesty-eu.org/static/html/pressrelease.asp?cfid=12&id=252&cat=4&l=1|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=Amnesty International]
Talibanurge Muslims to declare Jihadover the cartoons. [cite news|title=Taliban urges holy war over Mohammed cartoons |url=http://news.monstersandcritics.com/southasia/article_1095443.php/Taliban_urges_holy_war_over_Mohammed_cartoons
2006-02-07|publisher=Monsters and Critics]
* After an investigation Danish police come to the conclusion that a story concerning the attack on a hot-dog stand steward by two Turks on
February 3was a fake story. [da iconcite news|title=Pølsemands anklage om Muhammed-overfald var falsk|url=http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=437148|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=Politiken]
*A student newspaper editor is suspended for publishing an image of the Prophet Muhammad.
Cardiff University's student union paper " Gair Rhydd" is the first UK publication to use the image which has caused global protests, and has recalled 8,000 of its copies. [cite news|title=Paper withdrawn over cartoon row|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/4689442.stm|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=BBC]
*Approximately 100 demonstrators attack the Norwegian embassy in Tehran, Iran throwing stones and firebombs. [no iconcite news|title=Norges ambassade i Teheran angrepet|url=http://www.dagbladet.no/nyheter/2006/02/07/457115.html|date=
*A couple of Danish Muslim organisations arrange a peaceful demonstration (300 participants) in
Aarhuswith the motto "In favor of Denmark", in an attempt to make the Muslim world recognize, that Denmark should not be punished. [da iconcite news|title=Muslims in Denmark demonstrate in favor of Denmark|url=http://nyhederne.tv2.dk/article.php?id=3610906|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=TV 2]
George W. Bushcalls Anders Fogh Rasmussento confirm that he and the United States support Denmark during this crisis.
*The editorial staff of the alternative weekly
New York Presswalk out en masse, after the paper's publishers backed down from printing the Danish cartoons. [cite news|title=NY Press Kills Cartoons; Staff Walks Out|url=http://thepoliticker.observer.com/2006/02/ny-press-kills-cartoons-staff-walks-out.html|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=The New York Observer]
*The Yemeni government canceled the publishing license of two Yemeni private newspapers,
Yemen Observerand Al-Hourriah(freedom), after they have published the Danish illustrations depicting the Prophet Mohammed. [cite news|date= 2006-02-07|title=Yemeni newspapers close|url=http://yementimes.com/article.shtml?i=919&p=front&a=1|publisher=Yemen Times]
*In Lithuania Respublika prints 4 (or 1 and 9 on
2006-02-06and 2006-02-08) of the controversial cartoons.
* French weekly newspaper, "
Charlie Hebdo", publishes the twelve cartoons plus a new cartoon representing Muhammad by French cartoonist Cabu. French Muslim organisations, including the French Council of Muslim Faith (CFCM) and the Grand Mosques of Parisand Lyonhad unsuccessfully sued " Charlie Hebdo" the day before to avoid this publication. [cite news|title=French court OKs cartoons|url=http://www.news24.com/News24/World/News/0,,2-10-1462_1877099,00.html|date= 2006-02-07|publisher=NEWS24.com]
* Former Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, states that he thinks that the chief editor Carsten Justeof "Jyllands-Posten" should quit. Uffe Ellemann-Jensen is a member of the same political party Venstre, to which the prime minister also belongs, but is no longer active in politics. [da iconcite news|title=Ellemann: JP chief editor should quit|url=http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Indland/2006/02/08/054643.htm|date= 2006-02-08|publisher=Danmarks Radio]
* The organisation,
Moderate Muslims, is to begin a campaign in Arab countries in favor of Denmark. They will use SMS and newspaper advertisements, paid for by their Muslim members only. [da iconcite news|title=Muslims advertise for Denmark in Arab newspapers|url=http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=437276|date= 2006-02-08|publisher=Politiken]
* The picture allegedly of Muhammad dressed up as a pig is revealed to be a photo of the "pig-squealing" champion Jacques Barrot in
France. [cite news|title=Danish Imams Busted!|url=http://www.neandernews.com/?p=54|date= February 8 2006|publisher=Nerandernews] [cite news|title=Duo hogs top prize in pig-squealing contest|url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8959820|date= August 15 2005|publisher=MSNBC]
* Muslims demonstrators burn Danish, Norwegian and
Croatian flags in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina. This follows the publication of the controversial cartoons in a Croatian weekly on February 6. [hr iconcite news|title=Croatian flag burned in Sarajevo|url=http://www.index.hr/clanak.aspx?id=305607|date= 2006-02-08|publisher=Index.hr] The organizator later apologized for the burning flags, stating there were only three men who on their own burned paper flags.
* Veja, Brazil's largest magazine in terms of circulation, publishes three of the original cartoons in both their print edition and on their website. [pt iconcite news|title=Choque de culturas|url=http://veja.abril.com.br/080206/p_064.html|date=
Paraguayan newspaper La Papapublishes several cartoons of the prophet Muhammad.cite news|title=ONU condena reproducción de caricaturas del profeta Mahoma|url=http://paraguay.lapapa.com.py/noticias/20060208/311457.html|date= 2006-02-08|publisher=La Papa]
* Administration at the
University of Prince Edward Island, Canada, ordered a halt to the on-campus distribution of the student newspaper Cadreafter the cartoons were re-printed in the newspaper. Campus authorities also attempted to seize all 2,000 copies of the edition containing the cartoons. [cite news|title=P.E.I. student publication raided|url=http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/story.html?id=7b7d851d-a9d9-49fd-8963-fbc665baa637&k=72181|date= 2006-02-09|publisher=The Gazette (Montreal)]
* Professor Peter March at Saint Mary's University, Canada, is directed by administration there to remove copies of the cartoons that he posted on his office door. The professor was later the subject of an on-campus student march, and claimed to have received anonymous messages stating that his actions may have repercussions for Canadians being held hostage in Iraq. [cite news|title=Philosophical differences|url=http://www.thechronicleherald.ca/Metro/483219.html|date=
2006-02-10|publisher=The Halifax Herald]
February 8 Flemming Rosethe cultural editor for "Jyllands-Posten" told CNN: "My newspaper is trying to establish a contact with that Iranian newspaper [Hamshahri] , and we would run the cartoons the same day as they publish them". Later that day the paper's editor-in-chief said that "Jyllands-posten" under no circumstances would publish the Holocaust cartoons.
Egyptian newspaper " El Fagr" removes from its website the of its October 17, 2005 edition which included six of the cartoons.
* The Danish tabloid "B.T." reports that Bjarne Sørensen, the Danish ambassador to
Egypt, has confirmed reports that the cartoons were published in the Egyptian newspaper " El Fagr" on October 17, 2005. [da icon cite news|title=Muhammed-tegninger trykt i Egypten allerede i oktober 2005|url=http://www.bt.dk/nyheder/artikel:aid=419918:fid=100300456/|date= 2006-02-09|publisher=B.T.]
Venezuelan newspaper "Últimas Noticias" reprints the cartoons from Charlie Hebdo. [es icon cite news|title=Piden amusulmanes que aggarren mínimo|date= 2006-02-09|url= http://www.ultimasnoticias.com.ve/ElMundo/default20060206.asp]
Russian newspaper Volgograd Gorodskiye vestiprints 1 new cartoon featuring Muhammad. [cite news|title=Russian cartoon|date= 2006-02-09|url=http://www.bakutoday.net/view.php?d=16363]
Japanese government urged newspapers not to print the controversial cartoons, several newspapers do print them, saying that the freedom of speech is absolute and the government should not intervene. The Japanese government does not react to the printing of these cartoons. [cite news|title=World leaders rally round as crisis deepens|date= 2006-02-09|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,3-2028037,00.html]
Daily Illini, the official student newspaper of the University of Illinois, reprints 6 of the cartoons. The paper's top editor responsible for the decision is soon dismissed as the school's administration condemns the action.
* The Swedish newspaper "
Dagens Nyheter" reports that, although the foreign office and SÄPO got Sverigedemokraterna's web site shut down after publishing Muhammad caricatures, they are still available from their youth organisation. [sv icon cite news|title=Muhammedteckning ute trots nedstängning|url=http://www.dn.se/DNet/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=147&a=520257|date= 2006-02-10|publisher=Dagens Nyheter]
* Demonstrations with up to 700.000 participants continue to be held across the Muslim world. [cite news|title=Mass anti-cartoon rally in Beirut|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4697286.stm |date=
2006-02-09|publisher=BBC News] [cite news|title=Thousands attend cartoon protests|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4701608.stm |date= 2006-02-10|publisher=BBC News]
The New York Times": "At MeccaMeeting [of the Organization of the Islamic Conference] , Cartoon Outrage Crystallized".
Ahmad Abu Laban, Islamisk Trossamfundleader in his Friday prayer calls Denmark a nice and tolerant country and calls for the violence to stop. He also openly challenged Islam critic Ayaan Hirsi Ali. [cite news|publisher=ABC News|title=Danish Imam Condemns Cartoon Violence|url=http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=1604305| date= 2006-02-10]
* The editor of the Norwegian Christian newspaper "
Magazinet", Vebjørn Selbekk, apologizes for the reactions and consequences of the publication of the cartoons. The Norwegian Muslim community accepted his apology and considered the issue closed.
* At a demonstration in
Nairobi, Kenya, one demonstrator dies in a stampede. [cite news|url=http://www.eastandard.net/hm_news/news.php?articleid=36294|title=Man dies in Muslim demo over cartoons|date= 2006-02-11|publisher=The Standard]
* According to "
Reuters", "Kenyan police opened fire at hundreds of people [...] , wounding at least one.".
* "Spiegel Online" (from "AP"): Molotov-cocktails thrown at French embassy in Tehran. [de icon cite news|title=Molotov-cocktails thrown at French embassy in Tehran.|url=http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/0,1518,400233,00.html |date=
* Muslims hold the big rallies in
Asia. [cite news|url=http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=1603425|title=Asian Muslims HoldBiggest Rallies Yet|publisher=ABC News|date= 2006-02-10]
* In the
Republic of Macedonia, both newspapers " Vreme" and "Vest" print the twelve cartoons.
* The Danish ambassadors and diplomatic staff in Iran, Syria, and Indonesia leave after receiving threats. [da icon cite news|title=Ambassadefolk flygter efter trusler|url= http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=437949|date=
* Muslims hold protests in the
Serbian town of Novi Pazar, burning Western flags. [sr icon cite news|title=Spaljivanje zastava i u Sandžaku|publisher=B92|date= 2006-02-10|url= http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2006&mm=02&dd=10&nav_id=188140]
Naser KhaderMuslim member of Danish parliament and one of the founding members of Moderate Muslims has asked the Minister of Religion in Denmark to investigate Ahmad Abu Laban's words in the Friday prayer in the mosque at Dortheavej in Copenhagen where Abu Laban described Ayaan Hirsi Alias a rat in a hole.
EuroNewsshows one of the cartoons in a newstrailer, which was originally from a TV programme from Switzerland.
Angolan newspaper Agoraprints the cartoons.da icon [http://www.djh.dk/ejour/52/52Tegninger1.html 143 aviser viser tegningerne] ]
* The Irish president
Mary McAleesecondemned the drawings and concluded "Muslims have every right to feel angry" [cite news|title=Irish president condemns Prophet cartoons, violence|url=http://today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=worldNews&storyID=2006-02-12T210046Z_01_L1276910_RTRUKOC_0_US-RELIGION-CARTOONS-IRELAND.xml&archived=False|date= 2006-02-12|publisher=Reuters]
EUforeign policy chief Javier Solanameets with the Organization of the Islamic Conference's (OIC)Secretary General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu to defuse the crisis. Ihsanoglu called upon the EU Parliament to pass legislation to combat Islamophobia: "People in the Muslim world are starting to feel this is a new 9/11against them". [http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=2&article_id=22176]
* A leading Iranian newspaper launches a faux competition asking people to submit cartoons about the
Holocaust. The Hamshahri daily says the competition is to test the boundaries of free speech for Westerners. The move is seen as retaliation for the publication in a Danish paper of images satirising the Prophet Muhammad. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4709380.stm]
* Australian cartoonist,
Michael Leunig, becomes the victim of a hoax involving the cartoon competition Iranian newspaper, Hamshahri. [cite news|title=Leunig Iranian competition entry a hoax|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200602/s1569102.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation|date= 2006- 02-13]
* About 25 Muslim graves are desecrated in Denmark. [cite news|title= Danish PM talks to Muslim group|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4708312.stm|publisher=BBC|date=
Doudou Diène, United Nations Special Rapporteuron contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance reported: [ [http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=92 E/CN.4/2006/17] , "United Nations", February 13, 2006] : "Legally, the Government of every State party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is bound by three articles dealing with the relationship between freedom of religion and freedom of opinion and expression, namely article 18, which protects freedom of religion, subject to such limitations as are necessary to protect public safety and order or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others (art. 18, para. 3); article 19, which protects freedom of expression and opinion, subject to certain restrictions such as “respect of the rights or reputations of others” (art. 19, para. 3 (a)); and article 20, which states that any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited by law."
South Americaboth Peru's RPP Noticiasen Chile's 24 Horasprint the cartoons. [es icon cite news|title=RPP Noticias|url=http://www.rpp.com.pe/portada/internacional/31026_1.php |date= 2006-02-14] [es icon cite news|title=24 Horas|url=http://www.24horas.cl/detalle.aspx?IdC=194522&IdS=1|date= 2006-02-14]
Finland's National Bureau of Investigation decides to conduct a preliminary investigation into the matter of the nationalist Suomen Sisuand others publishing the cartoons online. Finnish penal codehas the same kind of section on the sanctity of religion as does Danish law. [cite news|title=Finland's NBI probes Suomen Sisu's Muhammad cartoon posting|publisher=NewsRoom Finland|date= 2006-02-14|url= http://newsroom.finland.fi/stt/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=11758&group=Politics]
Pakistan, over 1,000 rioters vandalize many western business establishments and torched the provincial assembly building. At least two people are killed.
*The Italian minister
Roberto Calderoliwears a t-shirt emblazoned with cartoons of Muhammad. Calderoli (a member of Lega Nord), stated: "I have had T-shirts made with the cartoons that have upset Islam and I will start wearing them today. We have to put an end to this story that we can talk to these people. They only want to humiliate people. Full stop. And what are we becoming? The civilization of melted butter?". [it icon cite news|title=Assalto al consolato italiano in Libia|title=Corriere della Sera|url= http://www.corriere.it/Primo_Piano/Esteri/2006/02_Febbraio/17/islam.shtml|date= 2008- 04-21]
* An Indian sailor is beaten to death by his colleagues following an argument over the cartoons. [cite news|title=Indian sailor killed over cartoon row|url=http://in.rediff.com/news/2006/feb/15cartoon1.htm|publisher=Rediff|date=
* Protesters in ]
Human Rights Watch NGOchampions the freedom of expression case in the Mohammad cartoons issue. [cite news|title= Questions and Answers on the Danish Cartoons and Freedom of Expression|url=http://hrw.org/english/docs/2006/02/15/denmar12676.htm|publisher=Human Rights Watch|date= 2006- 02-15]
European Parliamentaccepts a resolution which condemns all violence related to the cartoon controversy. It states that the EUstands in solidarity with Denmarkand all other countries that have been affected by the violence. Furthermore it states that Muslims may be offended by the cartoons and that they have the right to protest peacefully. However, the resolution also states that the freedom of speech is absolute and may not be affected by any form of censorship. [cite news|title=Europa veroordeelt het cartoongeweld (Dutch)|url=http://www.vrtnieuws.net/nieuwsnet_master/versie2/nieuws/details/060215EuropaCartoons/index.shtml|publisher=Belga|date= 2006- 02-16]
*Iranian confectioners union orders Danish pastries renamed "Rose of Muhammad pastries" [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11347399/] .
*Approximately 40,000 people take part in a protest in
Karachi, Pakistan marching and burning effigies of the Danish prime minister. [cite news|title=Pakistani Rally Huge but Peaceful|url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20060216/ap_on_re_mi_ea/prophet_drawings|publisher=Associated Press|date= 2006- 02-16]
* Pakistani cleric
Maulana Yousaf Qureshiannounces a $1 million bounty (plus a car) for killing the cartoonist who drew the Prophet Muhammad. [cite news|title=Imam offers reward to kill cartoonists|url=http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/658C2197-3E84-497C-B4DF-DF5E989FFC6A.htm |publisher=Al-Jazeera|date= 2006- 02-17]
* Minister Yaqoob Qureshi of India’s Uttar Pradesh state government offered a reward of $11.5 million to anyone who would kill any of the cartoonists who drew the images of the Prophet Muhammad. [cite news|title=Indian Minister Offers Bounty|url=http://www.arabnews.com/?page=4§ion=0&article=78035&d=19&m=2&y=2006|publisher=Arab News|date=
* A crowd of over one thousand protesters storm the Italian consulate in
Benghazi, Libyaresulting in at least eleven deaths. Apparently, the protests were triggered by a provocation from the Italian reforms minister Roberto Calderoli, who resigned the day after. [cite news|title=In Libya, 11 reportedly die in cartoon protests|url= http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/africa/02/17/libya.cartoons/index.html|publisher=CNN|date= 2006- 02-17]
* The Danish and Norwegian embassies in
Dar es Salaam, Tanzaniaclosed their offices, fearing a demonstration staged by Muslims in protest against the cartoons. Thousands of Muslim demonstrators staged a peaceful demonstration. The demonstrators issued a 21 day ultimatum to the governments of the two embassies to recant. If the ultimatum was not met, the demonstrators warned, Muslims in Tanzania would boycott all products and services from the two countries and would request the Tanzanian government to cut diplomatic ties with Denmark and Norway. [cite news|title=Embassies evade Muslim demonstrators|url=http://www.ippmedia.com/ipp/guardian/2006/02/18/60360.html|publisher= IPP Media|date= 2006- 02-17]
* A newspaper in
Mozambique, Savanapublishes 8 of the cartoons.
* Thousands of Muslims in Hong Kong march against the drawings of the Prophet Muhammed. [zh icon [http://www.inmediahk.net/public/article?item_id=97716&group_id=11 This rally is not for the Hong Kong people] ]
Stockholms Fria Tidningpublishes their own "Muhammad pictures", including Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, Mohammad Lawal, Haji Kher Muhammed, Muhammad Mahdi al-Salihand Amir Mohammed Rasheed. [http://www.stockholmsfria.nu]
* Italian Minister Calderoli resigns after pressures from Prime Minister Berusconi resulting from protests in
Libya. Vice-Prime Minister Fini announces a visit to Rome's main mosque.
* Protest march in Copenhagen arranged by a network of Muslim academics (The network). Approximately 3,000 people take part in a peace march with the message "more dialogue and peace amongst religions, cultures and Muslims". All kinds of nationalities and ages appear to be represented. Placard slogans include " Freedom of speech equals respect” and "Tolerance, not distance". [http://politiken.dk/VisArtikel.iasp?PageID=439201]
* Sixteen people are killed in northern
Nigeriaas demonstrators protested the cartoons by storming and burning Christianchurches and businesses. [cite news|title= 16 die in cartoon protests in Nigeria|publisher=CNN|date= 2006-02-18|url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/africa/02/18/cartoon.roundup/index.html]
* Approximately four hundred protesters attempted to storm the gates of the
United StatesEmbassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, chanting anti-U.S. slogans and burning American flags.
* The Felicity Party stages a protest with tens of thousands of participants in
* Over four hundred protesters are arrested and many others are sprayed with tear gas in an attempt by police to suppress protests in
Islamabad, Pakistan. [cite news|title=Arrests, tear gas halt Pakistan cartoon protests|publisher=CNN|date= 2006-02-19|url= http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/asiapcf/02/19/pakistan.cartoons/index.html]
* Danish newspaper "Politiken" revealed that the 11 ambassadors in their letter in October, also wanted to express their concerns over current issues regarding Islam. The Danish Prime minister has repeatedly said, that the letter only asked for the government to take action against "Jyllands-posten". [da iconcite news|title=Ambassadør-breve blev forvekslet i Politiken|publisher=Politiken|date=
* The Pope urges respect for world religion and argues that people should try to avoid harming religious sensibilities [cite news|title=Pope urges respect in cartoon row|publisher=BBC|date=
* Christians riot in the city of
Onitsha, Nigeriawhile Muslims riot in the city of Bauchidays after an anti-cartoon riots in Maidugugeri, another Nigerian city. At least 24 people have been killed in the two incidents.
* The Organisation of Islamic Countries (OIC) denounces cartoons violence and previous calls for the death of Danish cartoonists. [cite news|title=No legal action against Yaqoob: UP govt|publisher=TMCnet|date=
Belarusian newspaper " Zgoda" prints the 12 cartoons, but is closed soon afterwards. [cite news|title=Belarusian newspaper publishes Prophet Muhammad cartoons|publisher=Pravda|date= 2006-02-21|url= http://english.pravda.ru/news/world/22-02-2006/76368-Belarusian%20newspaper-0]
Lithuanian Journalists and Publishers Commission for Ethics stated that publications of cartoons on prophet Mohammad did not violate neither Lithuanian law nor the Code of Journalism Ethics. The Commission took the decision that these cartoons do not incite hatred on religious grounds, according to BNS. [lt iconcite news|title=Pranašo Mahometo karikatūros nekursto religinės neapykantos, konstatavo žiniasklaidos etikos sargai|publisher=www.delfi.lt|date= 2006-02-21|url= http://www.delfi.lt/archive/article.php?id=8840949&categoryID=7&ndate=1140544924]
British National Partyin the United Kingdom published the cartoons on their website alongside pictures of the violent demonstrations in London. The move is criticised by the major political parties. [cite news|title=BNP prints controversial cartoon|publisher=BBC|date= 2006-02-22|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/4739336.stm]
* The editor of the Finnish culture magazine "
Kaltio", Jussi Vilkuna, is fired after refusing to remove a cartoon involving Muhammad from the magazine's website. This cartoon features a fearful cartoonist trying to discuss the issue with the masked prophet, and Finnish politicians burning Danish flags (referring to the unwillingness of Finnish politicians to give Denmark any support in the issue). [cite news| url=http://newsroom.finland.fi/stt/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=11874&group=General| publisher=NewsRoom Finland|title=Editor of Finnish magazine gets the sack for refusing to remove Muhammad cartoon|date= 2006-02-24]
* At least 127 people are killed in
Nigeriain clashes between Christian and Muslim mobs following continued protests over the cartoons.
*25,000 people protest the cartoons in
Karachi, Pakistan, shouting slogans such as "Down with the blasphemer," "Death to America," and "End diplomatic ties with European countries." Police arrested dozens of Muslim hardliners to prevent a protest in the Pakistani city of Lahore. [cite news|url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/02/26/ap/world/mainD8G136T82.shtml|publisher=CBS News|title=Pakistan Police: 25,000 Protest Cartoons|date= 2006-02-26]
European Union( EU) expressed regret on Monday over the cartoons of Muhammad, but condemned violence against European interests. [cite news|url=http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-02/28/content_4236124.htm|publisher=China View|title=EU regrets cartoons, condemns violence|date= 2006-02-27]
* Over two hundred students at the
University of California, Irvinein Irvine, Californiaprotest after the university's College Republicans club decides to display the cartoons as part of a forum on terrorism. [cite news|url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/03/01/college.cartoon/index.html|publisher=CNN|title=Mohammed cartoons inflame U.S. campus|date= 2006-03-01]
Polandthe Saint Benedict Foundationstarts a campaign, using posters displaying Christian martyrs(amongst whom Andrea Santoroon trams in the city of Poznań. Muslimcommunities in Poland condemned the exhibition of the posters. The foundation says it simply states the truth:"We aren't even talking about the prosecution of Christians in Muslimcountries, we are simply stating the truth: these people actually suffered because of their beliefs". Furthermore the Saint Benedict Foundationargues that freedom of religion is non-existent in most Muslim countries and that non-Muslims are still prosecuted in these countries, but we don't mention this on our posters because of the recent cartoon controversy. A tramcompany in Poznan was willing to display the posters on their trams after a buscompany in Warsawrefused it. [cite news|url=http://www.radio.com.pl/polonia/article.asp?tId=33550&j=2|publisher=Radio Polonia|title=Provocation-on-wheels?|date= 2006-02-28]
Salman Rushdie, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Taslima Nasrin, Bernard-Henri Lévy, Irshad Manji, Ibn Warraqare among a dozen writers to have put their names to a statement in a French weekly " Charlie Hebdo" paper warning against Islamic "totalitarianism". " Charlie Hebdo" reprinted the cartoons in France earlier on. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4763520.stm|publisher=BBC News|title=Writers issue cartoon row warning |date= 2006-03-01]
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East(UNWRA) calls on all Scandinavians to leave the Palestinian areas after they received serious threats against Danish diplomats. [no icon cite news|url= http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/uriks/spesial/article1238303.ece|publisher=Aftenposten|title=Nye trusler mot skandinaver|date= 2006-03-01]
* Danish reaction: "Danish police asks the public to stop sending any more charges against the Muslim community for hurting Denmark. The substance of the case does not change whether we get 5 or 500 letters." [da icon cite news|url=http://www.jp.dk/indland/artikel:aid=3586744:fid=11364/
publisher=Jullands-Posten|title=Politiet: Stop imam-anmeldelser|date=
* Palestinian reaction "63% of Palestinians consider violence an appropriate response to cartoons. [da icon cite news|url=http://www.jp.dk/indland/artikel:aid=3587188:fid=11364/
publisher=Jullands-Posten|title=Palæstinensere støtter vold imod profettegninger|date=
* A French satirical newspaper, "
Charlie Hebdo", wins against the French Muslim Council, which had sought to ban the paper. The paper published the original Muhammad cartoons, plus a few of its own, earlier this year. [cite news|url=http://www.newswiretoday.com/news/3453/|publisher=newswiretoday|title=French Satirical Newspaper Charlie HebdoWins Over Controversial Cartoon Ban Request |date= 2006-03-02]
Jyllands-Posten" translates and reprints the manifest against Islamismearlier printed in " Charlie Hebdo". [cite news|url=http://www.jp.dk/english_news/artikel:aid=3585740/|publisher=Jyllands-Posten|title=MANIFESTO: Together facing the new totalitarianism
* Pakistan censors the internet with a wide spread ban on blogs due to the cartoons. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4771846.stm|publisher=BBC|title=Pakistani cartoon Blog block|date=
* About 50,000 people, many chanting "Hang those who insulted the prophet," rallied in the southern Pakistani city of
Karachi. The protesters burned the Danish flag, hit an effigy of U.S. President George W. Bush with a stick and chanted "Death to America" and "Death to Musharraf." In Turkey, some 20,000 protesters chanting anti-Danish slogans gathered in the eastern city of Erzurum.
* The Director of Public Prosecutors in Denmark agrees with the Local Prosecutor and decides that Jyllands-Posten was not in violation of Danish law. [ [http://www.rigsadvokaten.dk/Default.aspx?id=176&recordid176=887 Press release] ]
* Five arrested over London cartoons protest. [cite news|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-2087023,00.html|title=Five arrested over London cartoons protest|publisher=The Times|date=March 9, 2006.] The demonstration attracted widespread political condemnation at the time and among those calling for prosecutions was the Muslim Council of Britain.
*Danish Muslim organizations file a complaint against Denmark at the
United Nations Commission on Human Rightsover the affair [cite news|url=http://media.guardian.co.uk/site/story/0,,1733443,00.html?gusrc=ticker-103704|title=Danish paper threatened with legal action|publisher=The Guardian|date=March 17, 2006.]
* Police in
Berlinoverwhelm Amer Cheema, a student from Pakistan, as he enters the office building of Die Weltnewspaper, armed with a large knife. Cheema admitted to trying to kill editor Roger Köppel for reprinting the Mohammad cartoons in the newspaper. On May 1 2006, Cheema committed suicide in his prison cell. Cheema's family and Pakistani media claim he was tortured to death. [cite news|url=http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/0,1518,414669,00.html|title=Selbstmord nach versuchtem Angriff auf Chefredakteur der "Welt"|publisher= Der Spiegel|date=May 5, 2006.] 50,000 people attended Cheemas funeral near Lahore[http://www.nation.com.pk/daily/may-2006/14/index2.php] .
* The Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Laila Freivaldsresigns after an indirect attempt at censoring a website from displaying the cartoons in the middle of February by a civil servant of the foreign department, of which she denied any knowledge. When it became clear that she was fully aware of the incident, the press pressured the government so far that she decided to resign. According to "regeringsformen", a part of the Swedish constitution, the government is not allowed to interfere with the freedom of the press. [sv icon cite news|url=http://www.gp.se/gp/jsp/Crosslink.jsp?d=913&a=265691|title=Swedish foreign minister resigns after having been caught at trying to censor Mohammed Cartoons.|publisher=GP|date=March 21, 2006] The process by which this was discovered is notable, since the lie was made clear and well known by an internal paper in the government called "Riksdag & Department" whose job is to read all internal writings of the government and departments. Sweden is unusual, perhaps unique, in that all writings of the state are publicly accessible according to "offentlighetsprincipen".
Church in Waleshas requested that subscribers of its magazine return all of the copies after one of the cartoons from " France Soir" were accidentally printed. The church has apologised to the Muslim Council of Walesover this incident. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/4827294.stm|title=Church recalls 'Prophet' magazine.|publisher=BBC News|date=March 21, 2006.]
* An Islamic conference to discuss the consequences of the "
Jyllands-Posten" Muhammad cartoons controversy starts in Bahrain. In attendance are high-profile politicians and clerics, as well as Ahmed Akkariand Raed Hlayhel of the Danish-based Committee for Honouring the Prophet. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4838286.stm|publisher=BBC|title=Muslim scholars in cartoon talks|date=March 23, 2006]
* Acting Swedish Foreign Minister
Carin Jämtinwas not made welcome in Darfur. According to the governor of Darfur due to the Swedish involvement in the Mohammed Cartoons according to press secretary John Zanchi. [sv icon cite news|url=http://www.dn.se/DNet/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=148&a=532981&previousRenderType=6|publisher=DN|title=Foreign minister stopped because of cartoons|date=March 29, 2006]
Tehran, Iranian Revolutionary Guards beat themselves with chains in protest over the cartoons. [cite news|url= http://news.yahoo.com/photos/ss/events/wl/020106danishcartoons/im:/060331/photos_wl/2006_03_31t083154_450x273_us_iran_missile; |publisher=Reuters|title=Muslims Offended by Danish Cartoons|date=March 29, 2006]
* In the USA, two of the largest chains of bookstores, Borders and
Waldenbooks, refuse to stock the April/May issue of Free Inquiry magazine, containing four of the cartoons, because of fear for the safety of their employees. [http://www.religionnews.com/press02/PR030706.html Religion News Service: Press Releases ] ] [ [http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/news/archive/2006/03/29/national/a163611S00.DTL Borders, Waldenbooks Won't Carry Magazine, Carolyn Thompson, Associated Press Writer, March 29, 2006] ]
* A group of Muslim organizations in Denmark sues "
Jyllands-Posten" claiming the cartoons were defamatory and injurious. [cite news | url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12077167/ | title=Danish Muslims sue newspaper over cartoons | publisher=Associated Press | date=30 March 2006]
This lawsuit was dismissed on October 26.
Sudan'blocks' UNtop humanitarianofficial's trip to Darfursaying that "in the light of the Danish cartoons row, it would not be sensitive or safe for a Norwegian such as Mr Egeland to visit." [cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4870954.stm | title=Sudan 'blocks' UN trip to Darfur | publisher=BBC News | date=3 April 2006]
*The US based Comedy Central network airs
Cartoon Wars Part I, an episode of the controversial animated series South Park, about the controversy.
* Libya's leader
Muammar al-Gaddafi, said on Al-Jazeerathat "people who defamed Muhammad were defaming their own prophet, because Muhammad is the prophet of the people in Scandinavia, in Europe, America, Asia and Africa. [...] They should agree to become Islamic in the course of time, or else declare war on the Muslims." [cite news|date= 2006-04-10|title=Libyan Leader Mu'ammar Al-Qadhafi: Europe and the U.S. Should Agree to Become Islamic or Declare War on the Muslims|url= http://www.memritv.org/Transcript.asp?P1=1121|publisher=MIddle East Research Institute]
*The US based
Comedy Centralnetwork airs Cartoon Wars Part IIan episode of the controversial animated series South Park. The image of Muhammed is censored.
* The demands for boycott of Denmark and punishing of the cartoonists are reiterated by
Osama bin Laden. [ [http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/FEE6E1E5-DCC0-4E8A-80CF-FFCCA2BC4C2A.htm Osami bin Laden april 2006] ]
Al-Qaedavideo calls for "Denmark, Norway and France" to be "destroyed [...] and transformed into a sea of blood" [ cite news|url=http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,19110195-401,00.html|publisher=news.com.au|title=Video calls for 'sea of blood'|date=May 12, 2006]
* Canadian bookstore chain Indigo banned the sale of the magazines
Western Standardand Harper'sbecause they reprinted some of the illustrations in the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy. Indigo, however, did allow an issue of Free Inquirymagazine with some of the same cartoons to be sold in its outlets. [cite news|url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20060526.wxchapters27/BNStory/Entertainment]
* Two-month jail sentences imposed by a Jordanian court on two journalists, Jihad Momani and Hisham Al-Khalidi, for reprinting cartoons of the prophet Mohammed. [cite news|title=First prison sentences announced for reprinting Mohammed cartoons|org=Reporters without borders|url=http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=17864]
suitcase bombsare discovered in trains near the German towns of Dortmundand Koblenz, undetonated due to an assembly error. Video footage from Colognetrain station, where the bombs were put on the trains, led to the arrest of two Lebanese students in Germany, Youssef al-Hajdib and Jihad Hamad, and subsequently of three suspected co-conspirators in Lebanon. [cite news|title=Lebanon arrests fourth suspect in German bomb case|org=BBC|url=http://today.reuters.com/News/CrisesArticle.aspx?storyId=L02136965] On 1 September 2006, Jörg Ziercke, head of the Bundeskriminalamt(Federal Police), reports that the suspects saw the Muhammad cartoons as an "assault by the West on Islam" and the "initial spark" for the attack, originally planned to coincide with the 2006 Football World Cup in Germany. [cite news|title= Suspects behind failed German train bombings motivated Prophet Muhammad cartoons: investigator|org=International Heral Tribune|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/09/02/europe/EU_GEN_Germany_Terrorism_Investigation.php] [cite news|title=Bahn-Anschläge schon zur Fußball-WM geplant|org=Spiegel|url=http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/0,1518,434812,00.html]
*The national Norwegian TV-channel, TV2, airs a one hour documentary about the printing of the Muhammad cartoons, the controversy and the aftermath of them. In the documentary the cartoons appear multiple times. The Norwegian foreign ministry had previously warned embassies that had previously been affected by demonstrations because of the cartoons. [ no icon cite news|date=
2006-10-01|title=The Norwegian forgien ministry warns Norwegian embassy’s about TV2-documentary|url= http://www.vg.no/pub/vgart.hbs?artid=132441|publisher=VG]
United NationsDepartment of Public Information holds a seminar "Unlearning Intolerance" entitled "Cartooning for Peace: The Responsibility of Political Cartoonists?", to "explore the rights, roles and responsibilities of political cartoonists in promoting peace issues." because "the anger and divisiveness engendered by the publication of the caricature of Prophet Mohammed and the recent controversial exhibit on the Holocaust suggest both a sense of the power and of the necessity of responsibility in the art of cartooning." [ cite news|date= 2006-10-16|title=Cartooning for Peace|url= http://www.un.org/Pubs/chronicle/2006/e_alert/100506_cartooning2.htm|publisher=UNDPI]
*The Danish court dismissed a lawsuit filed by Muslims, saying that "there was no reason to assume that the cartoons were meant to "belittle Muslims" [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,225377,00.html] .
Yemen, Kamal al-Aalafi, editor of the Arabic weekly, Al-Ra'i al-Am, was sentenced to a year in prison for reprinting the cartoons. The sentencing court also ordered that the paper be closed for six months and that al-Aalafi himself not be permitted to write for an equal amount of time. He was subsequently released on bail.The Associated Press. (2006.) [http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/12/06/africa/ME_GEN_Yemen_Journalist.php "Yemeni journalist fined for defaming Islam's Prophet"] . "The International Herald Tribune". Retrieved December 9, 2006.]
Yemen, Mohammed al-Asaadi, editor of the English-language daily, "The Yemen Observer", was ordered jailed until he could pay a fine of 500,000 rials (approximately $2500) for reprinting the cartoons.
Umran Javed (Birmingham) was found guilty of soliciting murder by having chanted death threat slogans during an anti-cartoon rally at London's Danish embassy. cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6235279.stm | publisher=BBC|title=Cartoons protester found guilty | date=
2007-01-05] He, and three other young British Muslim men, were later sentenced to between four and six years in prison for their actions and statements during that demonstration.cite news | first=Dominic | last=Casciani | coauthors= | title=The angry young men jailed over protest | date=2007-07-19 | publisher=BBC | url =http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6903445.stm | work =BBC News | pages = | accessdate = 2007-09-29 | language = ]
A student guest editor of one of the several student newspapers of
Clare College, Cambridgereprints one of the cartoons in an issue devoted to religious satire. It is only the second student newspaper (and fourth media outlet) in the UK to reprint the cartoons in whole or in part. Widespread student outrage ensues--although the National Secular Societyleaps to the editor's defense--and Clare punitively cuts the paper's funding in response the incident. The editor, against whom Clare initiates disciplinary action, is forced to go into hiding for his safety. [Varsity. (2007). [http://www.varsity.cam.ac.uk/news/105/1/ "Danish cartoon printed at Clare"] . "Varsity". Retrieved February 15, 2007.] [Cambridge Evening News. (2007). [http://www.cambridge-news.co.uk/news/city/2007/02/09/ef79ee97-fec1-4f00-babf-dbd17447b40b.lpf] . "Cambridge Evening News". Retrieved February 16, 2007.] [ [http://www.varsity.co.uk/news/160/1/ Varsity / News / Clare student out of hiding ] ]
The French newspaper
Libérationreprints the Mohammed cartoons anew, to highlight the start of a trial against another French newspaper, Charlie Hebdo, and in support of free speech. The trial was initiated by several major Muslim organizations who sued Charlie Hebdobecause of their decision to publish the cartoons in February 2006. cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6235279.stm | publisher=Der Spiegel|title=Sarkozy stützt Satireblatt - und verärgert Muslime | date= 2007-02-07]
Islamic countries pushed through a resolution of the
United Nations Human Rights Council, which "prohibits the defamation of religion". The resolution mentions no religion except Islam. The initiative was brought in the immediate aftermath of the cartoon controversy, and is considered a direct response to it. cite news | url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story/0,,-6521974,00.html | publisher=The Guardian|title=U.N. Panel OKs Measure on Islam | date= 2007-03-31] .
A network of Danish Muslim organisations, upon losing a libel court case against the
Danish People's Party, threatens a fatwaagainst Jyllands-Posten unless the paper apologizes. cite news | url=http://wap.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L13929400.htm | publisher=Reuters|title=Muslim group loses cartoons libel case in Denmark | date= 2007-07-13]
Danish police arrested several people suspected of planning to assassinate the cartoonist who drew the turban cartoon.cite news | title=Murder plot against Danish cartoonist | date=2008-02-11 | publisher=Jyllands-Posten | url =http://jp.dk/uknews/article1263133.ece]
Several Danish newspapers, including "Jyllands-Posten", reprints one of the cartoons as a response to the news of the arrest made the day before. [cite news|title=Danish Muhammad cartoon reprinted|org=BBC|work=BBC News|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7242258.stm|accessdate=2008-02-13]
A video allegedly from
Osama Bin Ladenthreatens the EU over the reprinting of the cartoon. [cite news | title=New 'Bin Laden tape' threatens EU | org=BBC | work=BBC News | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7306002.stm|accessdate=2008-03-20]
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