- St Kilda, Victoria
Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = St Kilda
state = vic
city = Melbourne
caption = The Esplanade, looking towards
lga = City of Port Phillip
area = 3.2
postcode = 3182
pop = 16,122 (2006)Census 2006 AUS | id = SSC21637 | name = St Kilda (State Suburb) | accessdate = 2007-09-29 | quick = on]
est = 1867
stategov = Albert Park, Prahran, Caulfield
fedgov = Melbourne Ports
propval = $657,000 [ [http://www.domain.com.au/public/suburbprofile.aspx?mode=buy&suburb=St%20Kilda&postcode=3182 St Kilda] , accessed
28 December 2007]
near-nw =Middle Park
near-n =Albert Park
near-e =St Kilda East
dist1 = 7
location1= Melbourne CBD
St Kilda is an
inner city suburbof the Victorian capital of Melbourne, Australia.
It is located on
Port Phillip Bayabout 7 km south-east of the Melbourne's central business district. Its population at the 2006 Census was 16,122, the largest population of any suburb in the City of Port Phillip.
The suburb has been a popular
seaside resortfor residents and visitors since its foundation. During the Edwardian and Victorian eras, it was favoured by Melbourne's elite, and many palatial mansions were constructed. During the interwar years, St Kilda served a similar function for Melburnians as did Coney Islandto the residents of New York Cityand its history draws an interesting parallel [Robert Sands, Conservation Analysis, 1992] . Postwar St Kilda became Melbourne's red-light district, with many of the large mansions converted into low-cost rooming houses. In recent years, St Kilda has begun to shake off a seamy reputation and is home to many of Melbourne's famous visitor attractions including Luna Park, the Esplanade Hotel, Acland Street and Fitzroy Street. It is the home of many theatres and St Kilda Beach and to many of the city of Melbourne's big events.
Origins of the name
The suburb takes its name from a ship called "The Lady of St Kilda", which visited Melbourne in July 1841, five years after the founding of Melbourne. The ship was owned by Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, a member of a prominent British political family, and the main shopping street of St Kilda is named Acland Street after him. The ship was named for the island of St Kilda in the
Outer Hebridesof Scotland. [cite web|url=http://localhero.biz/article/permatitle/history_of_st._kilda,_victoria/|title=Local history of St. Kilda|author=" LocalHero"]
Many people have mistakenly referred to the suburb as "St. Kilda" or "Saint Kilda", assuming that it stands for "saint", however the correct spelling is "St Kilda" as there is no known saint by the name of Kilda - see Origin of Names at
St Kilda, Scotland.
Kulinpeople lived in "Euroe Yroke" (the area now known as St Kilda) for up to 30,000 years. Evidence has been found of shellfish middens and huts along Albert Park and Lakeand axes which were most likely sharpened on the sandstonecliffs behind the main beach. Corroborees where held at the historic tree which still stands at St Kilda Junction.
St Kilda was first settled around 1839 by Ben Baxter, a settler from Melbourne, on a grazing lease. The high ground above the beach offered a cool fresh breeze during Melbourne's hot summer months. In 1840, St Kilda was the home to Melbourne's first quarantine station for Scottish immigrants. The area was named St Kilda by then governor
Charles La Trobein 1841, though several names were proposed for the new city, including Fareham. [Place of Sensuous Resort pg 53.] Within a few years of its founding, St Kilda became a fashionable area for wealthy settlers and the indigenous peoples were driven out to surrounding areas.
During the Land Boom of the 1880s, St Kilda became a suburb of great stone mansions and palatial hotels, particularly along the seaside streets such as Fitzroy Street, Grey Street and Acland Street and the area once known as "St Kilda Hill" centred between Wellington Street, Alma Road, former High Street (incorporated as part of
St Kilda Road) and Chapel Street. The lower inland areas of St Kilda East were not so wealthy and included many smaller, semi detached cottages, many constructed of timber. Much of the area which is now St Kilda Westwas swampland, but was reclaimed and subdivided in the 1870s.
During the Depression of the 1890s, however, St Kilda began to decline. The seaside area became an entertainment precinct for Melbourne's working classes after a tramline was extended south from the Melbourne central city area, and the wealthy people moved further south to more exclusive suburbs such as Brighton.
Carlo Catani, Chief Engineer of the Public Works Department was contracted in 1906 to masterplan for the beautification the foreshore of St Kilda all the way to Point Ormond. His successful plan resulted in the famous leisure precinct that people enjoy visiting today, paving the way for several resort style developments along the foreshore including Luna Park (1912), the Palais Theatre(1927), Palais de Danse(1926), St Moritz Ice Rink(1939), and many others. As a result, several landmarks along the foreshore were named after Catani, including the clock tower, gardens and arch. [ [http://www.skhs.org.au/~SKHSarticles/articles/Carlo_Catani.html ITALIAN DELEGATION TO HONOUR CARLO CATANI, DESIGNER OF THE ST KILDA FORESHORE] ]
In the 1930s, St Kilda became a centre for Melbourne's growing
Jewish community and subsequently a growing Orthodox community developed with a number of synagogues and schools. In recent decades, however, the centre of Melbourne's Jewish community has moved eastwards to more affluent Caulfield. There are still Jewish neighbourhoods in East St Kilda, mainly of older and more Orthodox people and recent Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union, but the Jewish character of Acland Street, for example, has been lost.
In the 1960s, St Kilda became one of Melbourne's leading gay and lesbian residential areas. In 1968, the Palais de Danse, adjacent to the Palais was gutted by fire. The Palace nightclub was built in its place in 1971 and in 2007 was also gutted by fire and demolished.
In the late 1960s, widening of St Kilda Road and the creation of the Queens Way connection to Dandenong road destroyed much of the former St Kilda Junction (including the famous Junction Hotel) and High Street, once considered the centre of the suburb, which became an extension of the road. The widening also had the effect of creating a physical barrier between the foreshore suburb, its civic area and eastern streets.
In 1981, the St Moritz ice rink was closed. Around 1984, it was destroyed by a spectacular fire. In 1987, the St Kilda railway line was closed, rationalised and re-opened to become part of route 96, one of the first
light raillines in Melbourne, terminating in Acland Street.
In 1991, the site formerly occupied by the St Moritz site was reopened as the St Moritz, which became the Novotoel Bayside in 1993, then the Novotel Bayside in 1999. [ [http://www.skhs.org.au/~SKHSarticles/articles/St_Moritz.html St Moritz - The Skating Lady] ]
Since the 1990s, an influx of tourists and young backpackers and the increased
gentrificationof the area and during the decade led many long term residents to leave, thus removing much of the bohemian/artistic character of the area.
In mid-1998 Becton, new owners of the Esplanade Hotel announced its plan to build a 125 metre, 38-storey tower behind the historic hotel. The plans were later scaled down due to resident concerns.
September 11, 2003, the St Kilda icon, the 99 year old pier kiosk burned down in an arson attack. [ [http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/09/11/1063268514813.html Gone. St Kilda kiosk, after 99 years on the sea] ] In a swift and overwhelming response to the loss, the government committed to its original plans using what remained of the original materials.
In 2004, Baymour Court, significant 1920s Spanish Mission flats and hotel stables were demolished despite the campaigning of the
National Trust of Victoriaand The Esplanade Alliance as part of the commencement of hi-rise Esplanade apartment building.
2006 Commonwealth Games, St Kilda hosted an interpretive public artwork called, the Lady of St Kilda sculpture, a mock timber shipwreck. The installation proved to be extraordinarily popular with locals and tourists and it was left erected for many months afterward. However, the sculpture was subject to vandals disassembling parts of it as well as OH&S concern for children's safety on the high unprotected bow of the "ship" so the local council removed it in November 2006.
The area adjacent to the Palais Theatre known as the "Triangle Site", including the Palace music venue is the subject of a major re-development, first proposed in 2005. The proposals stipulated the restoration of the Palais Theatre, but controversially many advocated the demolition of the Palace, one of the area's main live music venues. To save the Palace, a legal battle ensued. Ironically, the Palace burned down spectacularly during an arson attack, [ [http://news.ninemsn.com.au/article.aspx?id=278023 Blaze at St Kilda landmark under control] ] and fears were held for the Palais. The winning development in 2007 plans a series of lanes, promenades and walkways rambling through eating and drinking spaces, art installations, entertainment venues, retail outlets and open grassy spaces. Further controversy over the new development was caused when the tenants who vacated the Palais illegally removed its 80 year old chandeliers. [ [http://www.portphillipleader.com.au/article/2007/07/17/18381_plv_news.html Light shines on fittings] ]
In 2006, plans went out for a foreshore re-development, which included promenade widening and saw the demolition of the bicentennial pavilion which marked the land end of the St Kilda pier.
In 2006, the proposed development of a
skate parkand concrete urban plazaover parkland on Fitzroy Street next to the primary school at Albert Park caused significant local controversy. The council received a large number of objections. Alternative sites along the foreshore were ignored by council and all of the mature trees on the site were removed before the plans were presented for consultation.
In February 2008, the Port Phillip Council's approval of the proposed Triangle site development despite over 5,000 written objections (representing over a quarter of the population of St Kilda) caused an uproar in St Kilda which saw media attention across Victoria [ [http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/councillors-approve-st-kilda-triangle-plan/2008/02/07/1202234073059.html Fury as councillors approve foreshore project] ] with local resident lobby groups including Save St Kilda [ [http://www.savestkilda.org.au Save St Kilda - The Triangle Site] ] and UnChain St Kilda [ [http://www.unchainstkilda.org unChain St Kilda] ] banding thousands of residents together in protest and enlisting the help of celebrities including Dave Hughes, Magda Subzanski,
Frank Thringand Rachel Griffiths in their fight against the local council. The council had refused to allow a secret agreement between it, the developers and state government to be released which effectively allowed for the transfer of ownership of a large amount of crown landto private owners. As well as the outrage over the sale of public land, many residents believed that the state government and council should have funded the restoration of the heritage Palais themselves rather than pass the costs on to the developers who had proposed a larger development to recover their own costs.
In May 2008, the skate park development was stopped by the Supreme Court of Victoria, claiming that the council had acted inappropriately. A hearing was scheduled with the
Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal. The mayor at the time, Janet Bolitho, was cited to have commented "the area would remain public open space - just maybe not green".
Today, St Kilda is an area of sharp social contrast, with many homeless and other disadvantaged people living among the wealthy and fashionable who crowd its shops and cafes.
For many years, St Kilda has had the highest population density in the Melbourne statistical area, and the highest for a metropolitan area outside of Sydney. [ [http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/31A3F36572AE6E6FCA256DEA0005398D Australian Bureau of Statistics Population Distribution 2004] ] This density is reflected in the built form, which consists primarily of strata titled units, apartments and flats, including a single
Housing Commission of Victoriatower. In recent years a hi-rise apartment trend in suburbs like Southbank, Docklands and the Melbourne CBD and St Kilda Road all rival the suburb's population density.
Despite migrationary trends, St Kilda retains a large Jewish population. The legacy of Jewish people in the area is evidenced in the large number of
synagogues in the area and the Jewish Museum of Australia, the only one of its kind in the country, which is located in Alma Road.
St Kilda has a unique artists culture, but is also home to many local events of high profile.
St Kilda has run Melbourne's first major arts and crafts market which has been run on the Esplanade every Sunday since the 1980s. It has been rivalled in Melbourne in recent years by the
Southbank art and craft marketon Southbank promenade.
St Kilda is also home to many major annual events. The largest of these is the
St Kilda Festival, which since 1981 has grown over recent years and now attracts over half a million young people to the area each year. St Kilda also hosts the gay Pride March, part of Melbourne's MidsummaFestival. St Kilda is also home to the many venues of the Melbourne Underground Film Festival. Each year, the Community CupFestival celebrates grassroots Australian rules football, attracting up to 23,000 spectators and raising money for local charity the Sacred Heart Mission which helps the homeless, a similar annual celebrity cricket match known as "Batting for the Battlers" is played at the Peanut Farm opposite Luna Park and attracts a crowd of up to 2,000. Other local events include the "St Kilda Film Festival" and "St Kilda Writers Festival".
St Kilda has a vibrant local music scene that has produced many Australian live music acts. One of the more famous of these is legendary rock band
Hunters & Collectorsand its front-man Mark Seymour. Members of The Birthday Party lived here in the late 1970s, when they were known under their previous name of "The Boys Next Door". As have Paul Kelly, Tex Perkins, Fred Negro, Rowland S. Howardand dozens of other independent musicians. For all things related to the seedier and funnier sides of St Kilda music scene see Fred Negro's 'Pub Strip'. Prominent local music venues include the Palace, (closing soon due to redevelopment unless the High Court says otherwise) the Palais theatre for larger concerts, the Esplanade Hotel, the Prince of Wales Hotel for larger gigs and DJ's (and backpackers), The George Public Bar on Saturday afternoons, the St Kilda Bowls Club, and The Greyhound - which picked up the local crowd, local bands, local bar staff and sticky carpet when The Esplanade Hotel(The Espy) kicked them out after 'suburbification' in the early noughties.
St Kilda is represented in the national
Australian Football Leagueby the St Kilda Football Club, known as the "Saints", the club has a cult following which includes local celebrities such as Ian Meldrum, former Test cricketer Shane Warne, actor Rhys Muldoon, former coach Grant Thomas and actress Stephanie McIntosh. The team retains the name St Kilda, however the club moved its base in 1964 to Moorabbin Ovalin suburban Moorabbin, and later began playing its home games out of the Telstra Domeat Melbourne Docklands.
The suburb is home to many sports ovals in Albert Park Reserve, including the historic
Junction Ovalwhich is home to the St Kilda Cricket Club, the Melbourne Football Cluband occasionally the Victorian Bushrangers Cricket Club, which was made famous as the debut venue of cricket great Shane Warne. [ [http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/275052.html?CMP=OTC-RSS St Kilda could be renamed after Shane Warne] ]
The suburb is also home to the St Kilda City Football Club of the Southern Football League, the St Kilda Sharks who won back-to-back
Victorian Women's Football Leaguetitles in 1998&99 as well as several VAFAclubs based in Albert Park.
Many of the open water events of the
2007 World Aquatics Championshipswere held at St Kilda beach. The 2006 Commonwealth Gamestriathlon and cycling time trials were held along the foreshore, and the marathon passed through the suburb. The annual Melbourne Marathon also passes through the suburb. St Kilda Beach is regularly used for state and international beach volleyballtournaments.
St Kilda has many distinctive local landmarks, most centred around the St Kilda Esplanade and foreshore area, several featuring domes of a Moorish architecture theme established at the turn of the century. Perhaps the best known is Luna Park an early 20th century amusement park with its famous "Moonface" entry and its historic scenic railway.
The St Kilda Pier is another local landmark and major tourist attraction. The pier is terminated by the
St Kilda Pavilion, an eccentric Edwardian building in the mould of English pier pavilions which is considered of high cultural importance to Melburnians. It was recently reconstructed and listed on the Victorian Heritage Register after burning down. The pier has a long breakwater which shelters St Kilda Harbour and hosts a Little Penguincolony. [ [http://www.stkildapenguins.com.au St Kilda Penguins] Accessed May 13, 2007] The pier is also the starting point for a ferrywhich runs between St Kilda and Williamstown.
St Kilda Beach is a
beachwith gentle bay waves popular with swimmers and sunbathers during the summer months. It is often criticized by locals and visitors alike for its pollution, but significant recent efforts have been made by government organisations to keep it clean.
The St Kilda Sea Baths, also called South Pacific, a Moorish themed building was built in the late 1920s, and demolished in the 1990s. It was rebuilt in a Moorish style, continuing a history of sea baths in St Kilda dating back to the 1850s.
Acland Street is a shopping and restaurant precinct famous for its cake shops and cafes. It also features a number of public artworks.
St Kilda Town Hallis an impressive building by William Pitt. Directly opposite is the St Kilda Public Library, built between 1971-73 at 150 Carlisle Street, it is a notable brutalistdesign by architect Enrico Taglietti, uniquely designed to open like a book. Also includes Ashton Raggatt McDougall’s award winning extension (1994). [http://www.skhs.org.au/SKHSbuildings/32.htm A Place of Sensuous Resort]
Theatres / cinemas
St Kilda has three main theatres, each catering to a different niche use, all are listed on the
Victorian Heritage Register. The National Theatre (formerly the "Victory") on the corner Barkly and Carlisle Streets is a Beaux Arts styled performing arts venue built in 1920 which is home to the oldest balletschool in Australia (established 1939). The Palais Theatreis located on the Esplanade and was built in 1927 to the design of Henry White as a cinema (formerly "Palais Pictures"). It is now used as a live music and concert venue. The Astor Theatre on Chapel Streetis a modern/ art decostyled cinema built in 1935 to the design of Ray Morton Taylor. It features the largest screen in southern hemisphere and operates as an arthouse cinema with its own year long film festival and private functions. [ [http://bonza.rmit.edu.au/essays/2005/Scott%20Markworth/history_of_the_astor_theatre.htm History of the Astor Theatre] ]
St Kilda once had many more smaller theatre venues, but has lost many over the years.
Places of worship
St Kilda is home to a large number of places of worship built over the years to serve primarily the Christian and Jewish faiths, although many of these churches have since been converted for other uses. The St KIlda Hebrew Congregation built between 1872-1880 in Charnwood Road was one of the earliest. The present building, diagonally opposite the original site (now a block of flats) but located in Charnwood Grove was consecrated on
13 March 1927. The Former Baptist Church, built in 1876 at 16 Crimea Street served as a masonic hall before being acquired by St Michael's Grammar School. The St Kilda Parish Mission Uniting Church, built in 1877 on the corner Chapel and Carlisle Streets is notable for its polychromatic brick and slate roof design. St Kilda Presbyterian Church, built in 1878 on the corner of Alma Road and Barkly Street was designed by Wilson & Beswicke architects. The Sacred Heart Church is a St Kilda landmark with its tall tower built on Grey Street in 1890 to the design of renowned colonial architect Reed in partnership with Henderson & Smart architects. The Former St Kilda Uniting Church on the corner Fitzroy and Princes Streets became part of an apartment complex in the late 1990s. The Holy Trinity Church built between 1882 and 1889 on the corner of Brighton Road and Dickens Street is another church by Reed of Reed & Barnes. Other notable churches include the Christ Church Complex on the corner Acland Street and Church Square.
With many layers of development, St Kilda is characterised by an eclectic mix of residential styles, ranging from rows of Victorian
terrace houses, Edwardian and interwar homes and apartments to post-war and modern infill development. Much of the suburb's innovative architecture is recognised nationally.
St Kilda is home to many "boom style" mansions, dating back to the early days of the seaside resort. Notable historic residences include
Eildon Mansionon Grey Street built in 1855 (later modified) to the design of Reed and Barnesis a significant grand old mansion. Hewison House built at 25 Chapel Street in 1869 is a former mansion that has become an administration building of St Michael's Grammar School. Marion Terrace in Burnett Street was built in 1883 and is considered one of the finest Second Empirestyled terrace houses in Australia. Myrnong Hall built in 1890 on Acland Street is a large Victorian mansion richly decorated in cast iron.
Notable Edwardian buildings include The Priory, built in 1890 at 61 Alma Road, it is one of the few
Richardsonian Romanesquehomes in Melbourne, built as the boarding house for a ladies school, but now a private residence. [ [http://www.skhs.org.au/SKHSbuildings/28.htm The Priory] from "A Place of Sensuous Resort"]
During the Interwar years, St Kilda was heavily subdivided into apartments. This era produced some outstanding early apartment designs including Majestic Mansions on Fitzroy Street (1912) and The Canterbury flats built on Canterbury Road built between 1914-1919 to the design of H.W. & F.B. Tompkins is a notable mixture of Edwardian styles and are some of the earliest self-contained flats in Melbourne. Summerland Mansions built in 1920 on Fitzroy Street is another notable block in the "mansion flats" style, a style rare in Melbourne. [ [http://www.skhs.org.au/SKHSbuildings/15.htm Summerland Mansions] from "A Place of Sensuous Resort"] Belmont Flats on the corner of Alma Road and Chapel Street was built in 1923, an outstanding blend of Arts and Crafts and
Californian Bungalowinfluences applied to an apartment building, was built in 1923. Belvedere Flats at 22 Esplanade on the corner of Robe Street was built in 1929 and is a notable Spanish Mission styled block of flats designed by William H. Merritt and has featured on "The Secret Life of Us". All of these buildings are listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. A significant block of Spanish Mission flats, the "Baymor Court", built in 1929 was demolished in November 2004 to make way for the Esplanade hi-rise apartment development. [ [http://home.vicnet.net.au/~espall/esplanade/baymor.htm Baymor Court - The Esplanade Alliance] ]
St Kilda is also home to some notable contemporary residential designs. St Leonards Apartments in St Leonards Street is two blocks of post modern apartments built in 1996 to the design of
Nonda Katsalidisand is recognised with multiple RAIAVictorian architecture awards. Newman House on Canterbury Road was built in 2000 and became a pop architectureicon. The house was designed by Cassandra Fahey for local celebrity Sam Newmanfeaturing an image of Pamela Anderson's face. Sam did not first obtain council permission, however permits were issued retrospectively when it became a major local landmark and won the award for Best New Residential Building in the RAIAVictorian Architecture awards. Newman no longer lives at the house.
Historic hotel buildings
St Kilda features many notable grand old hotels, some which still operate as licensed premises and others that function as accommodation, most of which are listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. The most famous is the
Esplanade Hotelon the Esplanade. Built in 1878 and later modified, the Esplanade is an iconic pub and live music venue known by locals simply as the 'Espy'. The St Kilda Coffee Palace, built in the 1870s was once the suburb's main coffee palace. It is now a busy backpackers hostel. The George Hotel built in 1887 on the corner of Fitzroy and Grey streets was also once a large coffee palace. In the 1990s, it was converted into studio apartments. Many of the interior and exterior features are in need of restoration. The Prince of Wales Hotel is another famous hotel which was built in 1940 in the moderne style on the site of the first Prince of Wales which was built in 1920. [ [http://www.skhs.org.au/SKHShotels/Prince%20of%20Wales%20Hotel.htm Prince of Wales Hotel - St Kilda Historical Society] ] It has been used as a cabaret venue and is now another live music venue.
Parks and gardens
St Kilda is known for its many parks and gardens, many featuring combinations of the predominant
Canary Island Date Palms, which are synonymous with the area and Californian Fan Palms. Some of the notable gardens include St Kilda Botanic Gardenson Blessington Street, which has heritage features and gates, a conservatory, rose garden, lake and sustainable Eco Centre building. The gardens were once surrounded by mansions, but was subject to unit development in the 1960s. The St Kilda Foreshore and Catani Arch are on Jacka Boulevarde, while the upper Esplanade reserve where the Sunday markets are held features the Catani Clock Tower, heritage toilets and vaults. The Catani Gardens which sit between the foreshore, Beaconsfield Parade and the Esplanade includes a War Memorial, Captain Cookstatue and Royal Melbourne Yacht Squadron Buildings. O'Donnell Gardens is adjacent to Luna Park on Acland Street and features an art-deco monument and tall palms. Alfred Square on the upper Esplanade has numerous war memorials, which include the South African War Memorial (1905) listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. Albert Park is a large park which spans many suburbs, including St Kilda on Fitzroy Street and hosts a number of sporting fields and a recreational lake. The St Kilda Town Hall features a small public Victorian garden facing the corner of busy Brighton Road and Carlisle Street.
The "Veg Out" Community Gardens at the former St Kilda Bowling Club in the Peanut Farm reserve is another popular public garden. The gardens are primarily rented by residents of apartments in the area and offer local residents the opportunity to express themselves in a small plot of dirt, which results in many colourful artistic displays.
Other St Kilda landmarks include the St Kilda Marina on Marine Parade, one of the first marinas in Melbourne and still very popular. The Metropole and Terminus on Fitzroy Street is the former St Kilda railway station, it now serves as a
light railterminus and apartment and restaurant precinct. The St Kilda Lawn BowlsClub, Fitzroy Street and its heritage clubhouse buildings have been featured on television and film. The St Kilda Park Primary School on Fitzroy Street is a large gothic styled building behind the bowls club and one of the suburb's main schools. St Kilda Primary School is on Brighton Road and is also a large gothic styled building. It hosts a monthly fashion market. St Kilda Junctionis a large traffic interchange which also feeds into St Kilda Road. Junction Ovalon Fitzroy Street is one of St Kilda's main sporting grounds and features two large heritage grandstands.
St Kilda is also home to one of Melbourne's few remaining Indigenous Australian landmarks, the Corroboree Tree. The red gum
eucalyptus, estimated at being between four and seven hundred years old, is located next to Queens Road, close to the junction with Fitzroy Street, overlooked by the Cadbury-Schweppesbuilding. A plaque close to its base reads "Aboriginals of early settlement days congregated and held their ceremonies under and in the vicinity of this tree". These ceremonies celebrated important events, told traditional stories and promoted unity between communities, and are commonly known by the generic term, corroboree, or ngargee in the local language. The site continued to be used, both for ceremonial purposes and as a fringe camp, for some years after British settlement in 1835, as is evidenced by Jacob Miller who told his son how he had witnessed the remnant Kulinpopulation "perform their dancing about the old tree" after moving into the area during the 1850s. [ [http://home.vicnet.net.au/~hsosk/downloads/ppwalks.pdf Walks in Port Phillip] ]
References in popular culture
St Kilda has featured prominently in television. The
Network Tendrama " The Secret Life Of Us" which ran from 2001-2005 was set in St Kilda, mostly around Acland Street, Fitzroy Street and in the famous Esplanade Hotel. The main characters were often depicted playing social games of soccer in Catani Gardens and social lawn bowlsat St Kilda bowls club, both of which have since become a popular local traditions. The show featured a fictional pub called the "Foo Bar" which was often sought after by tourists but did not actually exist, the popularity of the name later inspired a real licenced venue in nearby beachside Brighton. St Kilda was also the venue for " My Restaurant Rules" 2004 series, with the Melbourne restaurant "Seven Stones".
Many of Paul Kelly's popular songs feature the suburb, including "From St. Kilda To King's Cross" from the Album "Post" which included the famous lyric "I'd give you all of
Sydney Harbour(all that land, all that water) For that one sweet promenade", in reference to the St Kilda Esplanade. The area also featured in songs such as "Killed her in St Kilda" by Voodoo Lovecats, "St Kilda Nights" by Purple Dentists and "Melodies Of St Kilda" by Masters Apprentices.
Many movies and video clips have been filmed in St Kilda. Many of the indoor scenes from "
The Story of the Kelly Gang" were filmed in St Kilda. [ [http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/04/10/1081326977626.html St Kilda has grown up fed a steady, varied diet of film] ] The beach scenes of the 2005 hit Bollywoodfilm " Salaam Namaste" were both set and filmed in St Kilda. The 2006 film "Kenny" also featured many scenes set in St Kilda.
Australian rock band
Hunters & Collectorsfilmed many of their video clips in St. Kilda in the 1980s; of particular note is " Talking to a Stranger" which used the old St Kilda Railway Station, "Say Goodbye", parts of which were filmed upstairs at the George Hoteland " Do you see what I see?" which was partly filmed on a train running along the Sandringhamline past parts of East St. Kilda, Balaclava and Ripponlea, Victoria. Other musicians to film in the area include Eran James' clip "Touched by Love" which has backdrops including the Palais Theatre and St Kilda Pier [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nr3VJ99QbiM YouTube - Touched By Love ] ] and Something for Kate, whose clip "The Futurist" was filmed at St Kilda West pier.
Recreation and leisure
Recreation on St Kilda beaches includes most watersports, including
windsurfing, kitesurfing, rollerblading, beach volleyball, jetskiing, waterskiingand sunbathing. A skate parkfor the Fitzroy street end of Albert Park is in the planning stages.
St Kilda is well connected to the Central Business District (CBD) of Melbourne by
trams and a dedicated Light Railline along the former St Kilda railway line which terminates at the Metropol building - the former St Kilda railway station before integrating with the on-road system.
Bayside Trailoff-road bicyclenetwork connects through St Kilda.
St Kilda West is a locality in St Kilda and represents the area north west of St Kilda bordered by West Beach Road, Fraser Street and Canterbury Road. It is a small community which is a mix of medium density terrace housing and flats (mostly 1920s stock) to modern hi-rise apartments. Average house and apartment prices are higher and insurance premiums lower in the St Kilda West area than the main St Kilda area, so many real estate agents advertise properties as St Kilda West as a result.
Missing person cases
Three separate and prominent unsolved
missing persons cases are associated with St KildaFact|date=July 2008. Linda Stilwell was a 7 year old girl who was abducted on 10 August 1968from St Kilda Beach.Fact|date=July 2008 The prime suspect is Derek Percy who has also been named by police as a suspect in the disappearance of the Beaumont children, and the Wanda beachmurders.Fact|date=July 2008 Adele Bailey was a 23 year old transsexualwho disappeared from St Kilda in September 1978.Fact|date=July 2008 Her remains were found in 1995 in a disused mineshaft near Bonnie Doon.Fact|date=July 2008
Louise and Charmian Faulkner also vanished from outside their Acland St flat on
26 April 1980after getting into a utedriven by an older Australian male.Fact|date=July 2008 The driver of the ute was presumed to be Louise's potato farmer boyfriend.Fact|date=July 2008
* Chris Lilley
* William Pitt
Rowland S. Howard
Stanley Bruceformer Prime Minister of Australia
Magda Szubanski[ [http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/09/12/1063341759464.html The Magda carta] from theage.com.au]
* [http://home.vicnet.net.au/~hsosk/home.html St Kilda Historical Society]
* [http://www.lunapark.com.au/ Luna Park]
* [http://www.lindenarts.org/ Linden St Kilda Centre for Contemporary Arts]
* [http://www.stkildafilmfestival.com.au/ St Kilda Film Festival]
* [http://www.louiseandcharmian.com Official Louise and Charmian Faulkner site]
Proposed 'St Kilda Triangle' redevelopment
* [http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/triangle_dev_plan.html Development plan and illustrations from Port Phillip Council]
* [http://www.stkildatriangle.com.au Plans and updates from the development firm]
* [http://www.savestkilda.org.au Save St Kilda - The Triangle Site] - a lobby group against the proposed redevelopment
* [http://www.unchainstkilda.org unChain St Kilda] - a lobby group against the proposed redevelopment
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