Karel Ančerl

Karel Ančerl (born Karel Antscherl) (April 11, 1908 – July 3, 1973) was a Czech conductor, known for his performances of contemporary music and for his interpretations of music by Czech composers. His recordings with Czech Philharmonic acquired many international awards (several times Golden Harmony Award, Grand Prix du disque, etc.) and digitalized titled, "Karel Ančerl Gold Edition" was awarded by Grand Prix du Disque de l'Académie Charles Cros.

Life

He was born in Tučapy, Southern Bohemia into a Jewish family. His father Leopold was a large-scale producer of liquors and spirits. After graduating from the gymnasium (primary and secondary school) in Prague (1918-24) he entered the Prague Conservatory in 1926. He studied composition, conducting, chamber music, violin and percussion. In 1931 he participated at the Munich premiere of Hába's quarter-tone opera "Mother". Ančerl studied under Hermann Scherchen and later worked with Václav Talich, among others. In 1931 he started his conducting career with the "Osvobozené divadlo" theatre. During 1931-33, he markedly improved the theatre orchestra [Holzknecht, p. 301] . From 1933 to 1939, he conducted for the Czechoslovak radio, but his career as a conductor was interrupted by World War II. He was sent with his family to Terezín on 12 November 1942. There, he became the leader of the "Terezín String Orchestra" and started to organize cultural and music life in the ghetto. He was sent to Auschwitz on 15 October 1944. At all these camps Ančerl managed to survive, but his wife Valy and son Jan (born in Terezín) perished in the gas chambers.

After the war, he conducted for the Prague Radio until 1950, and rose to fame when appointed (on 20 October 1950) artistic director of the Czech Philharmonic. His eighteen-year tenure with this orchestra is often regarded as its greatest period, which brought it much international recognition. In August 1968, after the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, he decided to emigrate to Toronto. He conducted his last two concerts wit the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra at the Prague Spring Festival in 1969. He conducted the Toronto Symphony Orchestra from 1968 until his death in Toronto in 1973.

Style

Ančerl's remarkable control of orchestral dynamics, along with an exceptional grasp of both musical form and detail made him an especially effective recording artist. His broad range of recordings for the Czech Supraphon label have been carefully preserved with digital technology. In addition to performances of Czech masters Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana and Leoš Janáček, Ančerl interpreted early 20th century masters Igor Stravinsky, Béla Bartók and Sergei Prokofiev. His 1968 Gustav Mahler "Symphony No. 9" is widely admired.As a conductor, Ančerl followed a recognizably Czech tradition and, along with Václav Talich, Karel Šejna, Václav Neumann and numerous others, he helped to create a sense of tradition and a definable sound world related to a definable sense of Czech music. Sharp rhythms, vibrant dynamics, and a strongly etched sound world were halls-marks of his conducting style. These aspects were most noticeable when he conducted his home orchestra - the Czech Philharmonic, but he also managed to get orchestras as diverse as the Toronto Symphony, the Vienna Symphony and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra to also play with a sharp, distinctive and altogether Czech sound. In recent years not only have his many Supraphon recordings being reissued on CD but performances with these other orchestras have also surfaced on labels such as Tahra, CBC Records and EMI. Labels such as Line Classics have issued some radio recordings made during the late 1940s, when Ančerl returned to Prague. To date operas by Smetana and Dvořák have surfaced. A video of a rehearsal with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra has also been issued and it depicts the two key elements of his conducting style - a fastidious attention to detail and an infectious sense of rhythm and vibrancy.

References

*
* Bedřich Smetana: My Country. DVD sleevnote. Praha:Supraphon, 2008. SU 7015-9
* Holzknecht, Václav: "Jaroslav Ježek a Osvobozené divadlo". Praha: ARSCI, 2007. ISBN 978-80-86078-67-0

Notes

External links

*
* [http://www.karel-ancerl.com/ The Karel Ančerl fansite]
* [http://www.libri.cz/databaze/kdo20/search.php?zp=7&name=AN%C8ERL+KAREL Karel Ančerl biography cs icon]
* [http://www.supraphon.cz/cs/umelci/vazna-hudba/ The Golden Edition by SUPRAPHON]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Karel Ancerl — Karel Ančerl Karel Ančerl est un chef d orchestre tchèque, né à Tucapy (Bohême) le 11 avril 1908 et mort le 3 juillet 1973 à Toronto. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Les débuts 1.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karel Ančerl — Naissance 11 avril 1908 Tucapy, Bohême,  Autriche Hongrie Décès 3 juillet 1973 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karel Ancerl — Karel Ančerl (ursprünglich Antscherl, * 11. April 1908 in Tučapy, Österreich Ungarn; † 3. Juli 1973 in Toronto, Kanada) war ein tschechischer Dirigent. Karel Ančerl Biographie Der langjährige Leiter der Tschechischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karel Ančerl — (nombre de nacimiento: Karel Antscherl; Tučapy, Bohemia, 11 de abril de 1908 Toronto, 3 de julio de 1973) fue un director de orquesta checo, famoso especialmente por sus interpretaciones de la música de autores del siglo XX (Stravinsky, Schönberg …   Wikipedia Español

  • Karel Ančerl — (ursprünglich Antscherl, * 11. April 1908 in Tučapy, Österreich Ungarn; † 3. Juli 1973 in Toronto, Kanada) war ein tschechischer Dirigent. Karel Ančerl Biographie Der langjährige Leiter der Tschech …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karel Anc(erl — Karel Ančerl Karel Ančerl est un chef d orchestre tchèque, né à Tucapy (Bohême) le 11 avril 1908 et mort le 3 juillet 1973 à Toronto. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Les débuts 1.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ancerl — Karel Ančerl (ursprünglich Antscherl, * 11. April 1908 in Tučapy, Österreich Ungarn; † 3. Juli 1973 in Toronto, Kanada) war ein tschechischer Dirigent. Karel Ančerl Biographie Der langjährige Leiter der Tschechischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ANČERL, KAREL — (1908–1973), conductor. He studied composition and conducting at the Prague Conservatory with J. Křička and A. Habá, and finally became a pupil of V. Talich and H. Scherchen. He conducted at the theater (1931–33), the Symphony Orchestra of Prague …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Karel — ist ein Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Zweitname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ančerl —   [ antʃɛrl], Karel, tschechischer Dirigent, * Tučapy (Südböhmischer Kreis) 11. 4. 1908, ✝ Toronto 3. 7. 1973; studierte bei V. Talich und H. Scherchen, war 1950 68 Leiter der Tschechischen Philharmonie Prag und seit 1969 Dirigent des Toronto… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.