De Havilland Dove


De Havilland Dove

Infobox Aircraft
name = de Havilland DH.104 Dove
type = short-haul airliner
manufacturer = de Havilland



caption = de Havilland Dove
designer =
first flight = 25 September 1945
introduced =
retired =
status =
primary user =
more users =
produced =
number built = 528
unit cost =
variants with their own articles =
The de Havilland DH.104 Dove was a British monoplane short-haul airliner from de Havilland, the successor to the biplane de Havilland Dragon Rapide and was one of Britain's most successful post-war civil designs. The design came about from the Brabazon Committee report which called for a British designed short-haul feeder for airlines.

Production

Production of the Dove and its variants consisted of 388 civilian Doves, 127 military Devon C.2s and 13 Sea Devon.

ervice

The Dove first flew on 25 September 1945.

Variants

* Dove 1 : Light transport aircraft, seating up to 11-passengers. Powered by two 340-hp (254-kW) De Havilland Gipsy Queen 70-4 piston engines.
** Dove 1B : Dove Mk 1 aircraft, fitted with two 380-hp (283-kW) Gipsy Queen 70-2 piston engines.
* Dove 2 : Executive transport version, seating up to six passengers. Powered by two 340-hp (254-kW) Gipsy Queen piston engines.
** Dove 2B : Dove Mk 2 aircraft, fitted with two 380-hp (283-kW) Gipsy Queen 70-2 piston engines.
* Dove 3 : Proposed high-altitude survey version. Not built.
* Dove 4 : Military transport and communication version.
** Devon C Mk 1 : Transport and communication version for the RAF.
** Devon C Mk 2 : Transport and communications version for the RAF. Re-engined version of the Devon C Mk 1.
** Sea Devon C Mk 20 : Transport and communications version for the Royal Navy.
* Dove 5 : The Dove 5 was powered by more powerful engines. The aircraft was fitted with two 380-hp (283-kW) Gipsy Queen 70-2 piston engines.
* Dove 6 : Executive transport aircraft. Uprated version of the Dove 2, powered by two 380-hp (283-kW) Gipsy Queen 70-2 piston engines.
** Dove 6B : Stressed for operations at a maximum weight of 8,500lb (3856kg).
* Dove 7 : Uprated version of the Dove 1, fitted with two 400-hp (298-kW) Gipsy Queen 70-3 piston engines.
* Dove 8 : Uprated version of the Dove 2, fitted with two 400-hp (298-kW) Gipsy Queen 70-3 piston engines.
** Dove 8A : Five seater version of the Dove 8 for the American market. The Dove Custom 600 was the American designation of the Dove 8A.
* Carstedt Jet Liner 600 : Conversions of the Dove, carried out by Carstedt Inc, of Long Beach, California, USA. The aircraft were fitted with two 605-ehp (451-kW) Garrett AirResearch TPE 331 turboprop engines. The fuselage was lengthened to accommodate 18 passengers.
* Riley Turbo Executive 400 : Conversions of the Dove, carried out by Riley Aircraft in the USA. The aircraft were fitted with two 400-hp (298-kW) Lycoming IO-720-A1A flat-eight piston engines.

Operators

Civil operators

;AUS
*Airlines of Western Australia;BEL
*SABENA;BIR
*Union of Burma Airways;CHI
*LAN-Chile;IND
*Airways;flag|Rhodesia
*Central African Airways
*South African Airways;SUD
*Sudan Airways;UK
*BOAC
*Bristow Helicopters
*British Midlands
*British Westpoint Airlines
*Channel Airways
*Silver City Airways
*CAA Flying Unit

;To cleanup
* West African Airways
* Apache Airlines
* Hunting Clan Air Transport
* Olley Air Services
* Morton Air Services

Military operators

;ARG ;flag|Belgian Congo ;flag|Biafra
*Biafran Air Force;BRA;flag|Ceylon;flag|Egypt|1952;IRL
*Irish Air Corps;ETH ;IND
*Indian Air Force;flag|Iraq|1924;JOR ;LBN;MYS;NZL
*Royal New Zealand Air Force
**No. 42 Squadron RNZAF;PAK
*Pakistan Air Force;flag|South Africa|1928
*South African Air Force;SWE;UK
*Royal Air Force
**No. 21 Squadron RAF
**No. 26 Squadron RAF
**No. 31 Squadron RAF
**No. 32 Squadron RAF
**No. 60 Squadron RAF
**No. 207 Squadron RAF
*Fleet Air Arm

pecifications (Dove 5)

aircraft specifications
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop
ref=Jane's
crew=2
capacity=8 passengers
payload main=
payload alt=
length main= 39 ft 3 in
length alt= 11.96 m
span main= 57 ft
span alt= 17.37 m
height main= 13 ft 4 in
height alt= 4.06 m
area main= 335 sq ft
area alt= 31.1 m²
airfoil=
empty weight main= 5,725 lb
empty weight alt= 2,600 kg
loaded weight main= 8,800 lb
loaded weight alt= 4,000 kg
useful load main=
useful load alt=
max takeoff weight main=
max takeoff weight alt=
more general=
engine (jet)=
type of jet=
number of jets=
thrust main=
thrust alt=
thrust original=
afterburning thrust main=
afterburning thrust alt=
engine (prop)= de Havilland Gipsy Queen 70 Mk.2
type of prop=geared, supercharged 6-cylinder in-line inverted air-cooled engine
number of props=2
power main= 380 bhp
power alt= 283 kW
power original=
max speed main= 202 mph @ 8,000 ft
max speed alt= 325 km/h @ 2,400 m
cruise speed main=
cruise speed alt=
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main= 1,070 mi
range alt=1,720 km
ceiling main= 20,000 ft
ceiling alt= 6,100 m
climb rate main= 920 ft/min
climb rate alt= 4.7 m/s
loading main=
loading alt=
thrust/weight=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
more performance=
armament=
avionics=

ee also

aircontent
related=
*de Havilland Heron
similar aircraft=

lists=

see also=

External links

* [http://www.airliners.net/info/stats.main?id=184 Airliners.net]


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