Brooklyn Public Library
The Brooklyn Public Library (BPL), is the
public librarysystem of the borough of Brooklynin New York City. It is the fifth largest public library system in the United States. It is not a New York City government agency but rather an independent nonprofit organization that is funded by the New York City and State governments, the federal government, and private donors.
The Brooklyn Public Library system was approved by an Act of Legislature of the State of New York on
May 1 1892. The Brooklyn Common Council then passed a resolution for the establishment of the Brooklyn Public Library on November 30 1896, with Marie E. Craigie as the first director. Between 1901 and 1923, philanthropist Andrew Carnegiedonated $1.6 million, assisting in the development of 21 branches.
Dionne Mack Harvin was named Executive Director on March 22, 2007. She is the first African American woman to lead a major public library system in New York state. Previously, Ginnie Cooper, now of the
District of Columbia Public Library, had been the executive director of the BPL since January 2003.
The Central Library
The Central Library is adjacent to Prospect Park, just south of
Grand Army Plaza, where Eastern Parkway and Flatbush Avenue intersect. The building resembles an open book, with the spine at the main entrance on the plaza, and the two wings running along the avenues. Construction began in 1912 and was completed in 1941. It opened on February 1 1941. The Central Library was designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commissionin 1997.
Special collections within the Central Library include the renowned Brooklyn Collection, which includes photographs, manuscripts, clippings, books, maps, prints, and ephemera, chronicling the history of the borough.
In addition, the library has a cafeteria-style restaurant on the third floor (open weekdays), as well as a cafe on the first floor that sells coffee, tea, cocoa, soft drinks, sandwiches and snacks.
The Business Library
Another major branch, the Business Library, is located at 280 Cadman Plaza West in downtown Brooklyn. Its history precedes that of the BPL itself. In 1852, prominent citizens established the Brooklyn Athenaeum and Reading Room for the instruction of young men. In 1857, a group of young men established the Brooklyn Mercantile Library Association of the City of Brooklyn, which shared a building with the Athenaeum. The Mercantile Library attempted to be more practical, placing less emphasis on
literatureand philosophy. In 1869, the two organizations consolidated their holdings and moved to a new building, the Montague Street Branch Library. In 1878, the Mercantile Library was renamed the Brooklyn Library. By 1943, the Business Reference Department was known as the Business Library. The library outgrew its space, and in 1957, a new building to house both the Business Library and the Brooklyn Heights neighborhood branch was approved by city government. On June 1 1962, the new $2.5 million library building opened its doors to the public at its current location. In 1993, a two-year renovation and expansion was completed.
Visual and Performing Arts Library
The Visual and Performing Arts Library (VPA) is in development. Construction is currently on hold for the project.The V-shaped library will be located near the
Brooklyn Academy of Music(BAM) on a triangular site, bounded by Flatbush Avenue, Lafayette Street, Ashland Place, and Hanson Place. The 110,000 square foot (10,000 m²) structure will cost an estimated $75 million.
In addition to the Central Library and Business Library, there are 58 neighborhood branches throughout the borough, as well as a bookmobile.
*Bedford, including the Bedford Learning Center
*Canarsie (closed due to construction; a Bookmobile is on-site)
*Coney Island, including the Coney Island Learning Center
*Eastern Parkway, including the Eastern Parkway Learning Center
*Flatbush, including the Flatbush Learning Center
*Fort Hamilton (closed due to construction; a Bookmobile is on-site)
*Kings Highway (closed due to construction; a Bookmobile is on-site)
Bookmobileis a 32-foot-long, 11.5-foot-high vehicle housing a mobile library. Carrying up to 6,000 books, the Bookmobile serves communities whose local branches are closed for renovation. The Bookmobile offers many of the services available at other branches.
The Kidsmobile is a smaller, more colorful version of the Bookmobile. During the school year, the Kidsmobile visits schools, day care centers,
Head Startand after-school programs and community events. In the summer, the Kidsmobile also travels to parks and camps. In addition to books, the Kidsmobile offers storytellingand arts and crafts.
Other New York City library systems
The Brooklyn Public Library is one of three separate and independent public library systems in New York City. The other two are the
New York Public Library(serving The Bronx, Manhattan, and Staten Island), and the Queens Borough Public Library(serving Queens). The Brooklyn Public Library card is also accepted by the NYPL and QPL, though they may ask for additional identification. [ [http://brooklynpubliclibrary.org/borrowing_materials.jsp Borrowing Materials] ]
* [http://www.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/ Brooklyn Public Library]
* [http://www.biz.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/ Brooklyn Public Library - Business Library]
* [http://www.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/pdf/about/generalfact.pdf General Facts] (PDF
fact sheetfrom BPL Web site)
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