City upon a Hill
A City Upon A Hill is a phrase from the parable of Salt and Light in Jesus' Sermon on the Mount. In Matthew 5:14, he tells his listeners, "You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden."
The phrase entered the American lexicon early in its history, in the Puritan John Winthrop's 1630 sermon "A Model of Christian Charity". Still aboard the ship Arbella, Winthrop admonished the future Massachusetts Bay colonists that their new community would be a "city upon a hill", watched by the world. Winthrop's sermon gave rise to the widespread belief in American folklore that the United States of America is God's country because metaphorically it is a Shining City upon a Hill, an early example of American exceptionalism.
In the twentieth century, the image was used a number of times in American politics. On 9 January 1961, President-Elect John F. Kennedy returned the phrase to prominence during an address delivered to the General Court of Massachusetts:...I have been guided by the standard John Winthrop set before his shipmates on the flagship Arbella three hundred and thirty-one years ago, as they, too, faced the task of building a new government on a perilous frontier. "We must always consider", he said, "that we shall be as a city upon a hill—the eyes of all people are upon us". Today the eyes of all people are truly upon us—and our governments, in every branch, at every level, national, state and local, must be as a city upon a hill — constructed and inhabited by men aware of their great trust and their great responsibilities. For we are setting out upon a voyage in 1961 no less hazardous than that undertaken by the Arbella in 1630. We are committing ourselves to tasks of statecraft no less fantastic than that of governing the Massachusetts Bay Colony, beset as it was then by terror without and disorder within. History will not judge our endeavors—and a government cannot be selected—merely on the basis of color or creed or even party affiliation. Neither will competence and loyalty and stature, while essential to the utmost, suffice in times such as these. For of those to whom much is given, much is required......I've spoken of the shining city all my political life, but I don't know if I ever quite communicated what I saw when I said it. But in my mind it was a tall proud city built on rocks stronger than oceans, wind-swept, God-blessed, and teeming with people of all kinds living in harmony and peace, a city with free ports that hummed with commerce and creativity, and if there had to be city walls, the walls had doors and the doors were open to anyone with the will and the heart to get here. That's how I saw it and see it still....
During the struggle for the Republican nomination in 1999, Gary Bauer used the same image and explicitly presented himself as a Reagan-devotee; he used the phrase three times during his stump speech, and according to The New York Times simply stole them from Reagan. Likewise following Reagan was his son Michael Reagan, whose 1997 book is called The City on a Hill: Fulfilling Ronald Reagan's Vision for America.
- ^ A Model of Christian Charity - Governor John Winthrop (1630 on board the Arbella)
- ^ Address of President-Elect John F. Kennedy Delivered to a Joint Convention of the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
- ^ Remarks Accepting the Presidential Nomination at the Republican National Convention in Dallas, Texas
- ^ Farewell Address to the Nation, Oval Office, January 11, 1989
- ^ Crabtree, Susan (8 November 1999). "The long shot Gary Bauer talks about why he's running for president". Salon.com. http://www.salon.com/news/feature/1999/11/08/bauer. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- ^ Bruni, Frank (17 August 1999). "Gary Bauer, No. 4 in Iowa Poll, Casts Himself as Heir to Reagan". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/17/us/gary-bauer-no-4-in-iowa-poll-casts-himself-as-heir-to-reagan.html?src=pm. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
City upon a Hill — (dt. wörtlich „Stadt auf einem Hügel“) ist eine Trope, welche aus John Winthrops Predigt A Model of Christian Charity von 1630 stammt. Die Aussage bezieht sich auf die Metapher von Salz und Licht aus der Bergpredigt Jesu aus dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
City on a Hill — is an metaphor from the Salt and Light section of Jesus Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew. It may also refer to: City upon a Hill, a line from a famous sermon by Puritan John Winthrop frequently invoked in discussions of American… … Wikipedia
City Hall Plaza (Boston) — City Hall Plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, is a large, open, unadorned public space in the Government Center area of the city. The architectural firm Kallmann McKinnell Knowles designed the plaza in 1962 to accompany Boston s new City Hall. The… … Wikipedia
Hill City, South Dakota — Infobox Settlement official name = Hill City other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = City motto = The Heart of the Hills imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem =… … Wikipedia
City Architect of Birmingham — The City Architect of Birmingham was a high ranking position within the Public Works department of Birmingham City Council and provided the holder with a lot of power in the planning decisions of Birmingham, especially in the post war period in… … Wikipedia
City University of New York — Not to be confused with the University of the City of New York, now known as New York University. For other uses, see University of New York (disambiguation). City University of New York Established 1961 … Wikipedia
City of Caves — Established 2004 Location Broadmarsh Shopping Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom Website … Wikipedia
Hill Valley (Back to the Future) — Hill Valley is a fictional California town that serves as the setting of the Back to the Future trilogy and its . In the trilogy, Hill Valley is seen in four different time periods (1885, 1955, 1985 and 2015) as well as in a dystopian alternate… … Wikipedia
City of Clarence — Tasmania The City of Clarence Population: 52,935 … Wikipedia
Hill Street Blues — Main title card Format Police procedural Created by Steven Bochco Michael Kozoll Starring … Wikipedia