- Karl Mack von Leiberich
Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich (
August 25, 1752- December 22, 1828), Austrian soldier, was born at Nenslingen, in Bavaria.
In 1770 he joined an Austrian cavalry regiment, in which his uncle, Leiberich, was a squadron commander, becoming an officer seven years later. During the brief
War of the Bavarian Successionhe was selected for service on the staff of Count Kinsky, under whom, and subsequently under the commander-in-chief Field Marshal Count Lacy, he did excellent work. He was promoted first lieutenant in 1778, and captain on the quartermaster-general's staff in 1783. Count Lacy, then the foremost soldier of the Austrian army, had the highest opinion of his young assistant. In 1785 Mack married Katherine Gabrieul, and was ennobled under the name of Mack von Leiberich.
In the Turkish War he was employed on the headquarter staff, becoming in 1788 major and personal aide-de-camp to the emperor, and in 1789 lieutenant colonel. He distinguished himself greatly in the storming of
Belgrade. Shortly after this, disagreements between Mack and Loudon, now commander-in-chief, led to the former demanding a court-martial and leaving the front. He was, however, given a colonelcy (1789) and the Order of Maria Theresa, and in 1790 Loudon and Mack, having become reconciled, were again on the field together. During these campaigns Mack received a severe injury to his head, from which he never fully recovered. In 1793 he was made quartermaster-general (chief of staff) to Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg, commanding in the Netherlandsand he enhanced his reputation by the ensuing campaign. The young Archduke Charles of Austria, who won his own first laurels in the action of March 1, 1793, wrote after the battle, "Above all we have to thank Colonel Mack for these successes."
Mack distinguished himself again on the field of Neerwinden and had a leading part in the negotiations between Coburg and Dumouriez. He continued to serve as quartermaster-general, and was now made titular chief ("Inhaber") of a cuirassier regiment. He received a wound at Famars, but in 1794 was once more engaged, having at last been made a major-general. But the failure of the allies, due though it was to political and military factors and ideas, over which Mack had no control, was ascribed to him, as their successes of March-April 1793 had been, and he fell into disfavour in consequence. In 1797 he was promoted lieutenant field marshal, and in the following year he accepted, at the personal request of the emperor, the command of the Neapolitan army. But with the unpromising material of his new command he could do nothing against the French revolutionary troops, and before long, being in actual danger of being murdered by his men, he took refuge in the French camp. He was promised a free pass to his own country, but
Napoleonordered that he should be sent to France as a prisoner of war.
Two years later he escaped from
Parisin disguise. The allegation that he broke his parole is false. He was not employed for some years, but in 1804, when the war party in the Austrian court needed a general to oppose the peace policy of the Archduke Charles, Mack was made quartermaster-general of the army, with instructions to prepare for a war with France. He did all that was possible within the available time to reform the army, and on the opening of the war of 1805 he was made quartermaster-general to the titular commander-in-chief in Germany, the Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este. He was the real responsible commander of the army which opposed Napoleon in Bavaria, but his position was ill-defined and his authority treated with slight respect by the other general officers. See Battle of Ulmfor an estimate of Mack's responsibility for the disaster. After Austerlitz, Mack was tried by a court-martial, sitting from February 1806 to June 1807, and sentenced to be deprived of his rank, his regiment, and the Order of Maria Theresa, and to be imprisoned for two years. He was released in 1808, and in 1819, when the ultimate victory of the allies had obliterated the memory of earlier disasters, he was, at the request of Prince Schwarzenberg, reinstated in the army as lieutenant field marshal and a member of the Order of Maria Theresa.
*1911|article=Karl, Freiherr Mack von Leiberich|url=http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Karl%2C_Freiherr_Mack_von_Leiberich
*C. A. Schweigerd: "Oesterreichs Helden und Heerführer von Maximilian I. bis auf die neueste Zeit in Biographien und Charakterskizzen ...". Vienna, 1854
Constantin von Wurzbach: "Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich". Vienna 1856 - 1891.
*Johann Ritter von Rittersberg: "Biographien der ausgezeichnetesten Feldherren der k.k. oesterreichischen Armee". Prague, 1828
*The "Historisches Taschenbuch" (a yearbook founded by Friedrich von Raumer) for 1873 contains a vindication of Mack.
*A short critical memoir will be found in Streffleur (i.e., "Österreichische Militärische Zeitschrift") for January 1907.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Karl Mack von Leiberich — Karl Mack Freiherr von Leiberich (* 24. August 1752 in Nennslingen, Fürstentum Ansbach als Karl Mack; † 22. Oktober 1828 in St. Pölten) war ein österreichischer General und Ritter des Maria Theresia … Deutsch Wikipedia
Karl Mack von Lieberich — Karl Mack Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mack. Karl Mack von Leiberich Naissance 25 … Wikipédia en Français
Karl Mack von Lieberich — Mack von Lieberich. Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich (25 de agosto de 1752 22 de diciembre de 1828) fue un militar austriaco. Nacido en Nenslingen, Baviera, se alistó en un regimiento de caballería austriaco en 1770 en el que su tío Leiberich era … Wikipedia Español
Karl Mack von Lieberich — Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich (25 de agosto de 1752 †22 de diciembre de 1828), militar austriaco. Nacido en Nenslingen, Baviera, se unió a un regimiento de caballería austriaco en 1770 en el que su tío Leiberich era comandante de escuadrón, y… … Enciclopedia Universal
Mack von Leiberich — Mack von Leiberich, Karl, Freiherr v., geb. 1752 zu Neußlingen in Franken, trat in seinem 17. Jahre als Fourier in österr. Dienste, wurde von Lascy. Laudon u. später von dem Erzherzog Karl protegirt, Chef des Generalstabs, Feldmarschallieutenant … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Mack von Leiberich — Mack von Leiberich, Karl, Freiherr, österr. Feldmarschalleutnant, geb. 24. Aug. 1752 zu Nensling (Franken), 1798 Oberfehlshaber des neapolit. Heers gegen die Franzosen, 1805 des österr. Heers in Deutschland, ergab sich in Ulm 17. Okt. mit 20.000… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Mack von Leiberich, Karl, Freiherr — ▪ Austrian general (Baron) born Aug. 25, 1752, Nenslingen, Bavaria died Oct. 22, 1828, Sankt Pölten, Austria Austrian soldier, commander of the defeated forces at the Napoleonic battles of Ulm and Austerlitz. In 1770 he joined an… … Universalium
Karl Mack — ist der Name folgender Personen: Karl Mack (Physiker) (1857–1934), deutscher Physiker und Meteorologe Karl Mack (Mathematiker) (1882–1943), österreichischer Mathematiker Karl Mack von Leiberich (1752–1828), österreichischer General Diese Sei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Karl Mack — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mack. Karl Mack von Leiberich Naissance 25 … Wikipédia en Français
Karl Friedrich von Tettenborn — Freiherr Friedrich Karl von Tettenborn (* 19. Februar 1778 im damals badischen Teil der Grafschaft Sponheim; † 9. Dezember 1845 in Wien) war ein berühmter Reitergeneral im Freiheitskrieg. Leben Karl von Tettenborn, Lithographie von … Deutsch Wikipedia