Poacher (fish)

Taxobox
name = Poachers



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Alligatorfish ("Aspidophoroides monopterygius")
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Scorpaeniformes
familia = Agonidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Agonomalus" "Agonopsis" "Agonus" "Anoplagonus" "Aspidophoroides" "Bathyagonus" "Bothragonus" "Brachyopsis" "Chesnonia" "Freemanichthys" "Hypsagonus" "Leptagonus" "Occella" "Odontopyxis" "Pallasina" "Percis" "Podothecus" "Sarritor" "Stellerina" "Tilesina" "Ulcina" "Xeneretmus" See text for species.
The poachers are a family ("Agonidae") of small bottom-dwelling cold-water marine fish. They are notable for having elongated bodies covered by scales modified into bony plates, and for using their large pectoral fins to move in short bursts. The family includes about 47 species in some 20 genera, some of which are quite widespread.

The pelvic fins are nearly vestigial, typically consisting of one small spine and a couple of rays. The swim bladder is not present.

At 42 cm, the dragon poacher "Percis japonica" is the largest member of the family, while the pixie poacher "Occella impi" maxes out at just two centimeters; most are in the 20-30 cm range.

Poachers generally feed on small crustaceans and marine worms found on the bottom. Some species camouflage themselves with hydras, sponges, or seaweed.

Some species are known as alligatorfishes, starsnouts, hooknoses, and rockheads.

pecies

* Genus "Agonomalus"
** "Agonomalus jordani" Jordan & Starks, 1904.
** Kelp poacher, "Agonomalus mozinoi" Wilimovsky & Wilson, 1979.
** "Agonomalus proboscidalis" (Valenciennes, 1858).
* Genus "Agonopsis"
** "Agonopsis asperoculis" Thompson, 1916.
** "Agonopsis chiloensis" (Jenyns, 1840).
** Southern spearnose poacher, "Agonopsis sterletus" (Gilbert, 1898).
** Northern spearnose poacher, "Agonopsis vulsa" (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).
* Genus "Agonus"
** Hooknose (fish), "Agonus cataphractus" (Linnaeus, 1758).
* Genus "Anoplagonus"
** Smooth alligatorfish, "Anoplagonus inermis" (Günther, 1860).
** "Anoplagonus occidentalis" Lindberg, 1950.
* Genus "Aspidophoroides"
** Aleutian alligatorfish, "Aspidophoroides bartoni" Gilbert, 1896.
** Alligatorfish, "Aspidophoroides monopterygius" (Bloch, 1786).
* Genus "Bathyagonus"
** Gray starsnout, "Bathyagonus alascanus" (Gilbert, 1896).
** Spinycheek starsnout, "Bathyagonus infraspinatus" (Gilbert, 1904).
** Blackfin poacher, "Bathyagonus nigripinnis" Gilbert, 1890.
** Bigeye poacher, "Bathyagonus pentacanthus" (Gilbert, 1890).
* Genus "Bothragonus"
** "Bothragonus occidentalis" (Lindberg, 1950).
** Rockhead, "Bothragonus swanii" (Steindachner, 1876).
* Genus "Brachyopsis"
** "Brachyopsis segaliensis" (Tilesius, 1809).
* Genus "Chesnonia"
** Warty poacher, "Chesnonia verrucosa" (Lockington, 1880).
* Genus "Freemanichthys"
** "Freemanichthys thompsoni" (Jordan & Gilbert, 1898).
* Genus "Hypsagonus"
** "Hypsagonus corniger" Taranetz, 1933.
** Fourhorn poacher, "Hypsagonus quadricornis" (Cuvier, 1829).
* Genus "Leptagonus"
** Atlantic poacher, "Leptagonus decagonus" (Bloch & Schneider, 1801).
* Genus "Occella"
** Bering poacher, "Occella dodecaedron" (Tilesius, 1813).
** "Occella iburia" (Jordan & Starks, 1904).
** "Occella kasawae" (Jordan & Hubbs, 1925).
** "Occella kuronumai" (Freeman, 1951).
* Genus "Odontopyxis"
** Pygmy poacher, "Odontopyxis trispinosa" Lockington, 1880.
* Genus "Pallasina"
** Tubenose poacher, "Pallasina barbata" (Steindachner, 1876).
* Genus "Percis"
** Dragon poacher, "Percis japonica" (Pallas, 1769).
** "Percis matsuii" Matsubara, 1936.
* Genus "Podothecus"
** Sturgeon poacher, "Podothecus accipenserinus" (Tilesius, 1813).
** "Podothecus hamlini" Jordan & Gilbert, 1898.
** "Podothecus sachi" (Jordan & Snyder, 1901).
** "Podothecus sturioides" (Guichenot, 1869).
** "Podothecus veternus" Jordan & Starks, 1895.
* Genus "Sarritor"
** Sawback poacher, "Sarritor frenatus" (Gilbert, 1896).
** "Sarritor knipowitschi" Lindberg & Andriasev, 1937.
** Longnose poacher, "Sarritor leptorhynchus" (Gilbert, 1896).
* Genus "Stellerina"
** Pricklebreast poacher, "Stellerina xyosterna" (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880).
* Genus "Tilesina"
** "Tilesina gibbosa" Schmidt, 1904.
* Genus "Ulcina"
** Arctic alligatorfish, "Ulcina olrikii" (Lütken, 1876).
* Genus "Xeneretmus"
** Blacktip poacher, "Xeneretmus latifrons" (Gilbert, 1890).
** Smooth-eye poacher, "Xeneretmus leiops" Gilbert, 1915.
** Stripefin poacher, "Xeneretmus ritteri" Gilbert, 1915.
** Bluespotted poacher, "Xeneretmus triacanthus" (Gilbert, 1890).

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • fish — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) I v. angle; pull out, dredge; solicit; search. See pursuit, desire, fish, food. II Aquatic vertebrate animal Nouns 1. fish, denizen of the deep, Pisces; anadromous, freshwater or saltwater fish, tropical …   English dictionary for students

  • poacher — poach|er [ˈpəutʃə US ˈpoutʃər] n 1.) someone who illegally catches or shoots animals, birds, or fish, especially on private land without permission 2.) poacher turned gamekeeper BrE someone who used to do illegal things or have a bad attitude to… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • poacher — poach|er [ poutʃər ] noun count 1. ) someone who illegally catches or kills animals, birds, or fish on someone else s property 2. ) a special pan designed for poaching eggs poacher turned gamekeeper someone who did not obey the law or authority… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • poacher — noun (C) 1 someone who catches or shoots animals, birds, or fish on private land without permission 2 a pan with small containers shaped like cups for poaching eggs 3 poacher turned gamekeeper BrE someone who was previously a criminal and now has …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • poacher — I. noun Etymology: 2poach Date: 1614 1. one that trespasses or steals 2. one who kills or takes wild animals (as game or fish) illegally II. noun Etymology: 1poach Date: 1861 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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