Strangford Lough

Strangford Lough (derive|Old Norse|Strangrfjörthr|strong ford describing the fast-flowing narrows; and "Loch Cuan" in Irish meaning the calm lough describing the gentle waters of the mud flats) is a lough in County Down, Northern Ireland, separated from the Irish Sea by the Ards Peninsula. It is a popular tourist attraction noted for its fishing and the picturesque villages and townships which border its waters. These include Portaferry on the Ards Peninsula, which is connected to Strangford across the lough by a car ferry.

The island studded sea lough is the largest inlet in the United Kingdom and in the island of Ireland as a whole, covering 150 km². Almost totally landlocked, the lough is approached from the Irish Sea through the eight kilometre long fast-running tidal narrows, which open out into more gentle waters where there are 70 islands. Countless tidal rocky outcrops called pladdies litter the lough and mudflats, along with marshes, rocks, bays and headlands. The lough is a conservation area and its abundant wildlife recognised internationally for its importance.

Flora and Fauna

Flora

*A brown seaweed named "Sargassum muticum", originally from the Pacific (Japan) was discovered on the 15th March 1995 in Strangford Lough at Paddy's Point. The plants were well established on mesh bags containing oysters. The bags had been put out in 1987 containing Pacific oysters ("Crassostrea gigas") imported from Guernsey. This "Sargassum" is known to be a highly invasive species. [Boaden, P.J.S. 1995. The adventive seaweed "Sargassum muticum" (Yendo) Fensholt in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland. "Ir.Nat. J." 25:111 - 113] [Davison,D.M. 1999. "Sargassum muticum" in Strangford Lough, 1995 - 1998; a review of the introduction and colonisation of Strangford Lough MNR and cSAC by the invasive brown algae "Sargassum muticum." "Environment and Heritage Service Research and Development Series". No. 99/27.]
*Maerl is a calcareous deposit, in the main, of two species, of calcareous algae "Phymatolithon calcareum" and "Lithothamnion glaciale" which form free-living beds of unattached, branched corallines, living or dead, in Strangford Lough. [Blake,C. and Maggs, C.A. 2001. A study of maerl beds in Strangford Lough, including determination of growth rates. "in" Nunn, J.D. (ed). "Marine Biodiversity in Ireland and Adjacent Waters." Ulster Museum, Belfast. MAGNI publication no. 008]

Fauna

Strangford Lough is an important winter migration destination for many wading and sea birds. Animals commonly found in the lough include common seals, basking sharks and Brent Geese. Three quarters of the world population of Pale Bellied Brent Geese winter in the lough. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/handsonnature/waterways/strangford_loch.shtml BBC Hands on Nature] ]

Tidal Electricity

In 2007 Strangford Lough became home to the birth of a new industry as the world's first commercial tidal power station was installed in the narrrows. The 1.2 megawatt underwater tidal electricity generator, part of Northern Ireland's Environment and Renewable Energy Fund scheme, takes advantage of the fast tidal flow in the lough which can be up to 4 m/s. Although the generator is powerful enough to power up to a thousand homes, the turbine has a minimal environmental impact, as it is almost entirely submerged, and the rotors turn slowly enough that they pose no danger to wildlife. [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article3694859.ece Turbine technology is turning the tides into power of the future] ] [ [http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/story?id=52536 SeaGen Turbine Installation Completed] ]

ee also

*List of Irish loughs

References

Further reading

*Boaden, P.J.S., O'Connor, R.J. and Seed, R. 1975. The composition and zonation of a "Fucus serratus" community in Strangford Lough, Co. Down. "J. exp. Biol. Ecol." 17: 111 - 136.

External links

* [http://www.strangfordlough.org/ Strangford Lough Online]
* [http://www.marineturbines.com/ Marine Current Turbines]
* [http://www.oceanflowenergy.com/ Ocean Flow Energy]
* [http://www.strangfordlough.co.uk/ Strangford Lough Imagery]
* [http://www.ni-photos.jmcwd.com/strangford-lough-lake-sea-inlet.html Strangford Lough Photos]


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  • Strangford Lough —   [ stræȖfəd lɔk], Bucht der Irischen See an der Ostküste Nordirlands, rd. 30 km lang und 6 km breit, sehr schmaler Eingang; die kleinen Inseln sind Teile der vom Meerwasser überfluteten Drumlins …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Strangford Lough — 54.483333333333 5.5833333333333 Koordinaten: 54° 29′ 0″ N, 5° 35′ 0″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Strangford Lough — ▪ inlet, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Irish  Loch Cuan        inlet of the Irish Sea between Ards and Down districts, Northern Ireland. The lough (lake) is about 16 miles (26 km) long and 4 miles (6 km) wide, with a very narrow entrance,… …   Universalium

  • Strangford Lough — 54° 28′ 59″ N 5° 34′ 59″ W / 54.483, 5.583 Strangford Lough (irla …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Strangford Lough — Sp Strángfordo įlanka Ap Strangford Lough L Airijos j., D. Britanija (Š. Airija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Strangford — (derive|Old Norse|Strangrfjörthr|sea inlet with strong currents, Irish Baile Loch Cuan ) is a small village in County Down, Northern Ireland. It is situated across Strangford Lough from Portaferry and is the main base for the Strangford Lough… …   Wikipedia

  • Strangford (disambiguation) — Strangford can refer to:*The village of Strangford. *Strangford Lough, on which the village of Strangford lies. *Strangford (Assembly constituency) *Strangford (UK Parliament constituency) *Viscount Strangford Peerage of Ireland …   Wikipedia

  • Strangford Castle — is a castle on a height overlooking the harbour in Strangford, County Down, Northern Ireland, across Strangford Lough from Portaferry Castle.cite book | last=Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland| year=1983 |title=Historic Monuments… …   Wikipedia

  • Gezeitenkraftwerk Strangford — f2 SeaGen SeaGen in Betrieb (man beachte das durch die starke Tidenströmung verursachte Totwasser) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loch Cuan — Strangford Lough, Blick von Portaferry zur Meerenge Der Strangford Lough (irisch: Loch Cuan), südöstlich von Belfast im County Down in Nordirland gelegen, ist ein von der Irischen See durch die Ards Halbinsel bis auf die schmale Meerenge zwischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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