"This article is about the Malaysian state. For the computer scientist, see
Alan Perlis."Subdivisions of Malaysia
native_name= ﭬﺮليس دارالسنة
conventional_long_name=Perlis Darul Sunnah
Amin amin ya Rabaljalil"
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
leader_name2=Datuk Seri Dr
Md Isa Sabu
Perlis in full "Perlis Darul Sunnah" (Jawi ﭬﺮليس دارالسنة) ("Abode of trodden path") [http://pmr.penerangan.gov.my/page.cfm?name=geografi Jabatan Penerangan Malaysia] ] , is the smallest state in
Malaysia. It lies at the northern part of the west coast of Peninsular Malaysiaand has Satun and Songkhla Provinces of Thailandon its northern border.
The capital of Perlis is
Kangarand the royal capital is Arau. Another important town is Padang Besar, at the Malaysian-Thailand border. The main port is the small village of Kuala Perlis, linking mostly to Langkawi Island. Perlis has a snake farm and Gua Kelam as tourist attractions, as well as the small yet beautiful Perlis State Park.
Perlis was originally part of
Kedah, although it occasionally came under rule by Siamor Aceh. After the Siameseconquered Kedah in 1821, the British felt their interests in Perakto be threatened. This resulted in the 1826Burney and Low Treaties formalising relations between the two Malay statesand Siam, their nominal overlord. In the Burney Treaty, the exiled Kedah sultan Ahmad Tajuddinwas not restored to his throne. Sultan Ahmad and his armed supporters then fought unsuccessfully for his restoration over twelve years ( 1830- 1842).
1842, the Sultan finally agreed to accept Siamese terms, and was restored to his throne of Kedah. However, Siam separated Perlis into a separate principality directly vassal to Bangkok. Syed Hussain Jamalulail, the paternal grandson of a Hadhrami Arabimmigrant and maternal grandson of the Sultan of Kedah, became the first Rajaof Perlis. [cite book|title=Power Hadhrami Traders, Scholars, and Statesmen in the Indian Ocean, 1750s-1960s
author=Ulrike Freitag, W. G. Clarence-Smith|publisher=BRILL|pages=85-7|year=1997|isbn=9004107711] His descendants still rule Perlis, but as rajas, instead of as sultans.
As with Kedah, the
Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909forced Siam to relinquish its southern Malay vassal states to Great Britain. The British installed a Resident in the Perlis royal capital of Arau. Perlis was returned to Siam by the Japanese in World War IIas a reward for Siam's alliance with Japan, but this brief annexation ended with the Japanese surrender. After World War II, Perlis returned to British rule until it became part of the Malayan Union, then Federation of Malayain 1957and lastly Federation of Malaysiain 1963.
Since 2000, the
Rajaor hereditary monarch has been Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin. He was the Yang di-Pertuan Agongof Malaysiafrom 2001 to 2006. Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putrawas the Regent of Perlis during the five-year period when Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin was Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Chief Executive or " Menteri Besar" is Datuk Seri Dr Md Isa Sabu of Barisan Nasional.
In recent years, the state government's conservative
Islamicpolicies on numerous social issues have created controversy.
The state economy is dominated by agriculture, with rice, sugar and fruits predominating. Forestry and fishery is also important, and the state is making efforts to attract small and medium scale manufacturing industries.During the Japanese occupation of Malaya, the raja of Perlis was Syed Hamzah Jamalullail but the Siamese Government also appointed their own Governor in Perlis by the name of Udom Boonyaprasop.The Japanese lost the War and the British returned as colonialists again and decided to replace Raja Syed Hamzah with Syed Putra Jamalullail who reigned over the smallest State in Malaya and later Malaysia both in terms of size, revenue and population.
2005 Malaysian haze
*Breakdown of State Seats Representatives elected 2008"
* [http://www.perlis.gov.my/ Official Perlis State Government web site]
* [http://www.perlisroyalty.gov.my/ Web site of His Majesty, the Raja of Perlis]
* [http://www.cavesofmalaysia.com/photopage5.htm Perlis caves and tin mines]
* [http://www.virtualmalaysia.com/destination/state.cfm?state=perlis Perlis page on the official portal of the ministry of tourism malaysia]
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