- William Lane Craig
color = #B0C4DE
name = William Lane Craig
image_size = 150px
birth = birth date and age|1949|8|23
Philosophy of religion, Natural theology, Philosophy of time
Kalam cosmological argument
J. P. Moreland, Francis Beckwith
William Lane Craig (born
August 23, 1949) is an American philosopher, theologian, New Testament historian, and Christian apologist. He is an author and lecturer on issues related to the philosophy of religion, the historical Jesus, the coherence of the Christian worldview, and natural theology. He is married with children, lives in Atlanta, Georgia, and is currently a Research Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, Biola Universityin La Mirada, California.
Early life, education and career
Craig was born in
Peoria, Illinois, grew up in Keokuk, Iowaand was raised in a non-religious family which included a father who was a railroad executive and World War IIveteran, his mother, a homemaker, an older sister and younger brother.
Craig became a Christian at the age of sixteen, and his vocation and academic studies have reflected his commitment to Christian beliefs within the evangelical tradition. In theological commitments he holds to a Middle Knowledge/Molinist view of the role of human will in conversion. He has had friendly connections with
parachurchministries such as Campus Crusade for Christand InterVarsity Christian Fellowship.
In his undergraduate studies, Craig was influenced by the writings of
Francis Schaeffer, Edward John Carnell, and [http://www.stuarthackett.com/ Stuart Hackett] , the latter of whom Craig studied under.
Craig's tertiary education commenced at
Wheaton College, Illinoiswhere he graduated in 1971 with a B.A. degree in communications. [http://www.reasonablefaith.org Reasonable Faith] ] He then proceeded to graduate studies at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, Illinois, where he graduated with two M.A. degrees in 1974 and 1975, one in the philosophy of religion and the other in church history.
In 1977 Craig earned a doctorate in philosophy under
John Hickat the University of Birmingham, England, and in 1984 a doctorate in theology under Wolfhart Pannenbergat the University of Munich. During his doctoral studies, he was a Fellow of the Alexander von HumboldtStiftung.
From 1980-86 he was an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at
Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. He also briefly held the position of associate professor of Religious Studies at Westmont College, Santa Barbara, Californiain 1986. Between 1987-1994 Craig pursued further research at the University of Leuven, Belgium. Since 1994 he has been a Research Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, La Mirada, California.
As a philosopher, Craig has defended Christian
theism, both at the popular level and in academic publications. He is often credited with reviving the Kalam cosmological argumentfor the existence of God, which argues for a first causefrom the finitude of past events and the origin of the cosmos. His work on the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom has made him one of the most important contemporary defenders of Molinism, with its doctrine of middle knowledge. In the philosophy of time, he has vigorously defended the tensed or A-Theory of time and a Neo-Lorentzian interpretation of the Theory of Relativity, involving a privileged frame of referenceand relations of absolute simultaneity.
He is also a fellow of the Discovery Institute's
Center for Science and Culturewhich is the hub of the intelligent design movement.fact|date=May 2008 In the course of the public and political controversy over intelligent design Craig has written on the philosophical and cosmological aspects of the fine tuning of the universe for intelligent life. His work in philosophy has influenced other Christian philosophers, notably Francis Beckwithand J. P. Moreland.
New Testamentscholar, Craig has published widely on the historicity of the resurrection accounts of Jesus. Like N.T. Wrightand Gary Habermas, Craig has argued that the bodily resurrection of Jesusbest explains what can be gleaned from the historical Jesus’ self-understanding, his death and burial, the posthumous apparitions of Jesus, and the origin of the early Christian movement.
Craig has edited, authored, or co-authored over thirty books and over a hundred articles in professional journals. [http://www.reasonablefaith.org] He is a frequent public speaker and debater on university campuses and he occasionally appears in the national news media. He has engaged many prominent academic atheists and liberal theologians in public dialogue. Some of these debates have been subsequently published as books; these include:
*"Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up?" Debate with
John Dominic Crossan(ISBN 0-8010-2175-8)
*"Jesus' Resurrection: Fact or Figment?" Debate with Gerd Lüdemann (ISBN 0-8308-1569-4)
*"Does God exist?" Debate with
Antony Flew(ISBN 0-7546-3190-7)
*"God?" Debate with Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ISBN 0-19-516599-3)
In March 2006, Craig and New Testament scholar
Bart D. Ehrmanengaged in a debate entitled "Is There Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus?" on the campus of the College of the Holy Cross, with Craig arguing in the affirmative and Ehrman arguing in opposition to the affirmative. In one rebuttal, Craig used Bayes' Theoremto counter Ehrman's argument against miracles. A transcript of the debate is posted at www.reasonablefaith.org.
In the July 2008 issue of "
Christianity Today", Craig wrote a cover article, titled " [http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/july/13.22.html God is Not Dead Yet] ." In the article, Craig celebrates the success of natural theology to deliver arguments for the existence of God. " [New atheism] is blissfully ignorant of the revolution that has taken place in Anglo-American philosophy," claims Craig. "It reflects the scientism of a bygone generation rather than the contemporary intellectual scene."
Craig has been critical of liberal theology,
metaphysical naturalism, logical positivism, moral relativism, and the ideas put forth by the Jesus Seminar. He has defended the middle knowledgeview of divine providenceand is also notable for his work in the philosophy of time. He is a founding member and has served as president of the Philosophy of Time Society.
*"Apologetics: An Introduction" (Chicago: Moody Press, 1984).
*"Assessing the New Testament Evidence for the Historicity of the Resurrection of Jesus" (Lewiston, New York/Queenston, Ontario: Edwin Mellen Press, 1989).
* "The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus," in "Gospel Perspectives: Studies of History and Tradition in the Four Gospels", Vol. 1, R.T.France and David Wenham, eds. (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1980), pp. 47-74.
*"Cosmological Argument from Plato to Leibniz" (London: MacMillan/New York: Barnes and Noble, 1980).
* and Paul Copan, "Craftsman or Creator? An Examination of the Mormon Doctrine of Creation and a Defense of "Creatio ex nihilo"," in "The New Mormon Challenge", Francis J. Beckwith, Carl Mosser and Paul Owen, eds. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), pp. 95-152.
* and Paul Copan,"Creation out of Nothing: Its Biblical, Philosophical, and Scientific Exploration" (Leicester: Apollos/Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004).
Gregory Boyd, et al., "Divine Foreknowledge: 4 Views", James K. Beilby and Paul R. Eddy, eds. (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2001).
*"Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom" (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1991).
Antony Flew, "Does God Exist: The Craig-Flew Debate", Stan W. Wallace, ed. (Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate, 2003).
* "The Empty Tomb of Jesus," in "Gospel Perspectives: Studies of History and Tradition in the Four Gospels", Vol. 2, R.T. France and David Wenham, eds. (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1981), pp. 173-200.
*"The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe"(San Bernadino: Here's Life, 1979).
* "Classical Apologetics" in "Five Views on Apologetics", Steven B. Cowan, ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000), pp. 26-55.
* "Did Jesus Rise from the Dead?" in "Jesus Under Fire", Michael J. Wilkins and J. P. Moreland, eds. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1995), pp. 141-176.
* and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong,"God? A Debate Between a Christian and an Atheist" (Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).
* "God, Time and Eternity: The Coherence of Theism II" (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2001).
* with Paul Helm, et al), "God Under Fire", Douglas S. Huffman and Eric L. Johnson, eds. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002).
*"Hard Questions, Real Answers" (Wheaton: Crossway Books, 2003).
* "The Historical Argument for the Resurrection of Jesus During the Deist Controversy" (Lewiston, New York/Queenston, Ontario: Edwin Mellen Press, 1985).
* and Gerd Ludemann, "Jesus' Resurrection: Fact or Figment? A Debate Between William Lane Craig and
Gerd Ludemann", Paul Copan and Ronald K. Tacelli, eds. (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2000).
*"The Kalam Cosmological Argument"(London: MacMillan/New York: Barnes and Noble, 1979).
* "Knowing the Truth About the Resurrection" (Ann Arbor: Servant, 1988).
* and Mark S. McLeod, eds. "The Logic of Rational Theism: Exploratory Essays" (Lewiston, New York/Queenston, Ontario: Edwin Mellen Press, 1990).
* "Middle Knowledge, A Calvinist-Arminian Rapprochement?" in "The Grace of God, The Will of Man", Clark H. Pinnock, ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1989), pp. 141-164.
* and J. P. Moreland, eds. "Naturalism: A Critical Analysis (Routledge Studies in Twentieth Century Philosophy)"(London/New York: Routledge, 2000).
* "No Easy Answers: Finding Hope in Doubt, Failure and Unanswered Prayer" (Chicago: Moody Press, 1990).
*"The Only Wise God: The Compatibility of Divine Foreknowledge & Human Freedom"(Grand Rapids: Baker, 1987).
J. P. Moreland, "Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview" (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2003).
* ed., "Philosophy of Religion: A Reader and Guide"(Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2001/New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2002).
*"The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez: The Coherence of Theism: Omniscience" (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988).
* "The Problem of Miracles: A Historical and Philosophical Perspective," in "Gospel Perspectives: The Miracles of Jesus", Vol. 6, David Wenham and Craig L. Blomberg, eds. (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1986), pp. 9-48.
*"Reasonable Faith, 3rd edition: Christian Truth and Apologetics" (Wheaton: Crossway Books, 2008).
*"The Son Rises: Historical evidence for the resurrection of Jesus" (Chicago: Moody Press, 1981).
* "The Tensed Theory of Time: A Critical Examination" (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2000).
*"The Tenseless Theory of Time - A Critical Examination" (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2000).
Quentin Smith,"Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology" (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).
*"Time and Eternity: Exploring God's Relationship to Time" (Wheaton: Crossway Books, 2001).
* ed., "Time and The Metaphysics of Relativity" (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2001).
* and Francis J. Beckwith and J. P. Moreland, eds., "To Everyone an Answer: A Case for the Christian Worldview: Essays in Honor of
Norman Geisler"(Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004).
* and John Dominic Crossan, "Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up? A Debate Between William Lane Craig and
John Dominic Crossan", Paul Copan, ed. (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998).
* [http://www.reasonablefaith.org Reasonable Faith] , William Lane Craig's website featuring articles, transcripts of debates, audio-visual resources, an online newsletter and discussion forum.
* [http://www.reasonablefaithtools.com Web companion to Craig's Reasonable Faith]
* [http://www.holycross.edu/departments/crec/website/resurrdebate.htm Is There Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus?] A debate between William Lane Craig and
Bart D. Ehrman
* [http://www.accordingtothescriptures.org/doctrine/evidenceforjesus.html The Evidence for Jesus] by William Lane Craig
* [http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/docs/tomb2.html The Historicity of the Empty Tomb of Jesus] by William L. Craig
* [http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/docs/tomb1.html The Disciples' Inspection of the Empty Tomb] by William L. Craig
* [http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/docs/guard.html The Guard at the Tomb] by William L. Craig
* [http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/docs/bodily.html The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus] by William L. Craig
* [http://www.theopedia.com/William_Lane_Craig William Lane Craig] (Theopedia; with audio resources)
* [http://www.secweb.org/index.aspx?action=viewAsset&id=726 An atheist response to Kalam Cosmological Argument]
* [http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/theism/christianity/craig.html Secular Web response to William Lane Craig] - with debates and articles
* [http://www.biola.edu/academics/scs/apologetics/wlcstore/ William Lane Craig's Online Store] , with nearly 200 of Craig's books, articles, transcripts, CDs and DVDs from his public lectures and debates.
* [http://www.myspace.com/williamlanecraig William Lane Craig] on
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Lane Craig — (23 août 1949, à Peoria dans l Illinois ) est un philosophe analytique et théologien américain protestant évangélique. Il est actuellement Research professor de philosophie à la Talboot School of Theology (Biola University), à La Mirada … Wikipédia en Français
William Lane Craig — (2005) William Lane Craig (* 23. August 1949) ist ein amerikanischer Philosoph, Theologe und christlicher Apologetiker. Er ist gegenwärtig Professor für Philosophie an der Talbot School of Theology, Biola University in La Mirada, Kalifornien und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Lane Craig — (1949) es un cristiano evangélico apologista, teólogo y filósofo conocido por su trabajo en filosofía de la religión. Es un proponente contemporáneo de la teología natural, usualmente participando en debates sobre la existencia de Dios. En 1979… … Wikipedia Español
William Craig — may refer to: *William Craig (politician) Right Honourable (William (Bill) Craig), (1924 ndash;), Northern Ireland politician *William Craig (author) (1929 1997), American author *William Craig (broadcaster), Canadian broadcaster *William Craig… … Wikipedia
Craig (Name) — Craig ist ein ursprünglich ortsbezogener männlicher Vorname und Familienname, der heute im gesamten englischen Sprachraum vorkommt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namensträger 2.1 Familienname … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Craig — ist der Name folgender Personen: William Craig (Logiker) (* 1918), amerikanischer Logiker (Craig Interpolation) William Craig (Politiker) (* 1924), nordirischer Politiker William Craig (Autor) (1929–1997), US amerikanischer Autor und Historiker… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Craig (surname) — For other uses, see Craig. Craig is a surname, derived from the Scottish Gaelic creag. The word craig (Anglicised to crag) refers to a small, rocky hill in Scottish English. It may refer to: Amanda Craig (born 1959), British author Caroline Craig … Wikipedia
William H. Harrison — William Henry Harrison William Henry Harrison (* 9. Februar 1773 im Charles City County, Virginia; † 4. April 1841 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer General und im Jahr 1841 der neunte Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika … Deutsch Wikipedia
Craig Beardsley — Personal information Full name Craig Russell Beardsley Nationality United States Born 1961 … Wikipedia
Craig Cobb — (born on 9 October 1951 in Maryville, Missouri, United States), also know as Craig corn on the Cobb, is a longtime anti semitic white supremacist activist who operated a now defunct video sharing website named Podblanc. He claims racism is my… … Wikipedia