Jody Williams


Jody Williams

Infobox Person
name = Jody Williams



image_size = 250px
caption = Jody Williams at Quinnipiac University in 2005
birth_name =
birth_date = October 9, 1950
birth_place = Brattleboro, Vermont
death_date =

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nationality = United States
other_names =
known_for = 1997 Nobel Peace Prize
education = University of Vermont
School for International Training
Johns Hopkins University
employer = University of Houston
occupation = Teacher/Aid Worker
title =
predecessor =
successor =
religion =
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Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950 in Brattleboro, Vermont) is an American teacher and aid worker who received the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the campaign she worked for, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL). Williams first trained as a teacher of English as a Second Language (ESL), receiving a BA from the University of Vermont in 1972 and a Master's degree in teaching Spanish and ESL from the School for International Training (also in Vermont) in 1974. In 1984 she received a second M.A. in International Relations from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. She taught ESL in Mexico, the United Kingdom, and finally Washington, D.C. before her first appointment in aid work, becoming a grocery worker of the "Nicaragua-Honduras Education Project" from 1984 to 1986. She then became deputy director of a Los Angeles-based charity, "Medical Aid for El Salvador", a position which she held until 1992 when she took up her position with the newly formed ICBL.

The organization ultimately achieved its goal in 1997 when an international treaty (Ottawa Treaty) banning antipersonnel landmines was signed in Ottawa in 1997 (though some nations, notably the United States, China and Russia refrained).

One broader aspect of Williams' work was her pioneering use of People Power: massively distributed collaboration in trans-national political action, initially via fax and eventually via email -- Williams' own explanation,

:"Imagine trying to get hundreds of organizations – each one independent and working on many, many issues – to feel that each is a critical element of the development of a new movement. I wanted each to feel that what they had to say about campaign planning, thinking, programs, actions was important. So, instead of sending letters, I’d send everyone faxes. People got in the habit of faxing back. This served two purposes – people would really have to think about what they were committing to doing before writing it down, and we have a permanent, written record of almost everything in the development of the campaign from day one." [http://www.icbl.org/cgi-bin/faq/landmines/index.cgi?subject=996244752#0996245173]

Within the landmine movement, Williams is a controversial figure. ManyVerify source|date=September 2008 believe she was inappropriately awarded the Nobel and it should have beenFact|date=September 2008 awarded to her boss at the time, Bobby Mueller of the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation. She has also drawn criticism for her brash style which is seen by many as counter productive, such as calling President Clinton a "weenie" while discussing his reluctance to sign off on the Ottawa treaty.

Williams continues to serve the ICBL as a campaign ambassador and editor of the organization's landmine report, and, since 2003, has held a faculty position of distinguished professor of social work and global justice at the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work.I

In 2006, Williams was one of the founders of The Nobel Women's Initiative along with sister Nobel Peace Laureates Rigoberta Menchu Tum, Shirin Ebadi, Wangari Maathai, Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan Maguire. Six women representing North America and South America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa decided to bring together their experiences in a united effort for peace with justice and equality. It is the goal of the Nobel Women's Initiative to help strengthen work being done in support of women's rights around the world. [ [http://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org] Nobel Women's Initiative ]

She was the Head of Mission of the High-Level Mission dispatched by the Human Rights Council to report on the situation of human rights in Darfur and the needs of Sudan in this regard (established at the 4th special session of the Human Rights Council in decision S-4/101). The Mission issued its report on 7 March 2007. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/12_03_07_un_sudan.pdf UN document A/HRC/4/80] ]

External Links

* [http://www.kepplerspeakers.com/speakers/speakers.asp?1-LRCK Jody Williams Biography]

References

Persondata
NAME=Jody Williams
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=American teacher and aid worker
DATE OF BIRTH=October 9, 1950
PLACE OF BIRTH=Brattleboro, Vermont, United States
DATE OF DEATH=living
PLACE OF DEATH=


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  • Jody Williams — (* 9. Oktober 1950 in Brattleboro, Vermont) ist eine US amerikanische Lehrerin und Menschenrechts Aktivistin. Gemeinsam mit der Internationalen Kampagne für das Verbot von Landminen, deren Sprecherin sie ist, bekam sie 1997 den Friedensnobelpreis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jody Williams — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jody Williams (blues) et Williams. Jody Williams à l Université de Quinnipiac, en 2005 Jody Williams (née le 9 octob …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jody Williams — Este artículo o sección necesita una revisión de ortografía y gramática. Puedes colaborar editándolo (lee aquí sugerencias para mejorar tu ortografía). Cuando se haya corregido, borra este aviso por favor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jody Williams (blues musician) — Infobox Musical artist Name = Jody Williams Img capt = Img size = Landscape = Background = Birth name = Joseph Leon Williams Alias = Little Papa Joe, Little Joe Lee Born = birth date and age|1935|2|3 Mobile, Alabama, U.S. Died = Origin = Chicago …   Wikipedia

  • Jody Williams (blues) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jody Williams et Williams. Joseph Leon Williams dit Jody Williams (né le 3 février 1935) est un guitariste chanteur de blues (Chicago Blues) américain. Biographie Il nait dans l Alabama en 1935. À l âge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Friedensnobelpreis 1997: International Campaign to Ban Landmines \(ICBL\) — Jody Williams —   Die ICBL, die sich für die Ächtung von Landminen einsetzt, und die Frau, von der dieser friedliche Feldzug in den 1990er Jahren koordiniert wurde, wurden zu gleichen Teilen mit dem Nobelpreis ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   International… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jody — ist ein englischer männlicher und weiblicher Vorname.[1][2] Als Varianten des weiblichen Vornamens treten die Formen Jodi bzw. Jodie auf. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Männlicher Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Williams (Familienname) — Williams ist ein englischer Familienname. Bedeutung Der Name ist eine patronymische Ableitung und bedeutet Sohn des William. Verbreitung Williams ist mit 0,69 Prozent Namensträgern an der Gesamtbevölkerung dritthäufigster Familienname in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Williams — puede referirse a: Williams, apellido: Apellido derivado del nombre propio William (es decir Guillermo en inglés) suele ser un apellido británico; como otros patronímicos británicos (Roberts, Jones, Richards, etc.) suele ser utilizado desde fines …   Wikipedia Español

  • Williams — Williams, Alberto Williams, Betty Williams, Eric Eustace Williams, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Roger Williams, Tennessee Williams, William Carlos * * * (as used in expressions) …   Enciclopedia Universal


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