The Apostolic Palace, also called the Sacred Palace, the Papal Palace or the Palace of the Vatican, is the official residence of the
Popein the Vatican City.
The palace is a complex of buildings, comprising the
Papal Apartments, some of the Catholic Church's government offices, a handful of chapels, the Vatican Museumsand the Vatican Library. In all, there are over 1,000 rooms with the most famous including Raphael's Roomsand the Sistine Chapelwith its renowned ceiling frescoes painted by Michelangelo(restored between 1980 and 1990).
The other papal residences are at the
Lateran Palace, and the Castel Gandolfooutside Rome. The Vatican Palace displaced the Lateran Palace in prominence during the fifteenth century; but it was eclipsed for an extended period by the Quirinal Palace.
Before 1871, the
Quirinal Palacewas the Pope's official residence. After the final overthrow of the Papal Statesin 1870, the King of Italyconfiscated that palace in 1871, making it the King's official residence. After the abolition of the Italian monarchy in 1946 it became the residence of the President of the Italian Republic.
The Apostolic Palace appears as a Wonder of the World in the expansion for Sid Meier's Civilization IV, though the graphic representation is that of
St. Peter's Basilica.
Domus Sanctae Marthae
"The Vatican–its History–its Treasures" (New York, 1914) was written by various scholars connected with the Vatican and edited by Ernesto Begni and others. Briefer and more popular accounts M. K. Potter's "The Art of the Vatican" (new edition, Boston, 1903), and D. B. W. Sladen's, "How to See the Vatican" (New York, 1914).
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