- Kalat (princely state)
Infobox Former Pakistan subdivision
subdivision = Kalat
capital = Kalat
area = 91,909
languages = Persian, Baluchi
established = 1638
abolished = 14th October 1955
footnotes = [http://www.baloch.gov.pk Government of Balochistan]
Kalat or Qalat (
Urdu: قلات) was a princely state located in the centre of the modern province of Balochistan, Pakistan. The state capital was the town of Kalat.
The State of Kalat was located between 25°1′ and30°8′N. And 61°37′ and 69°22′E., with a total area of 11,593 square miles. It occupied the whole of the centre and south-west of the Province of Balochistan, with the exception of the indentation caused by the little State of Las Bela. It was bounded on the west by
Persia; on the east by the Bolan Pass, the Maxi and Bugti hills, and Sindh; on the north by the Chagai and Quetta-Pishin Districts; and on the south by LasBela and the Arabian Sea. With the exception of the plains of Kharan, Kachhi, and Dasht in Makran, the country is wholly mountainous, the ranges being intersected here and there by long narrow valleys. The principal mountains are the Central Brahui, Kirthar, Pab, Siahan, Central Makran and Makran Coast Ranges, which descend in elevation from about 10,000 to 1,200 feet. The drainage of the country is almost all carried off to the southward by the Nari, Mula, Hab, Porali, Hingol and Dasht rivers. The only large river draining northwards is the Rakhshan. The coast-line stretches for about 160 miles, from near Kalmat to Gwadar Bay, and the chief port is Pasni. Round Gwadar the country was in the possession of the Sultan of Muscat. [ [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V14_305.gifKalāt State - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 299.] ]
The state of Kalat was founded in 1638. The territories controlled by the state fluctuated over the centuries but eventually were established by treaties with the British Agent Robert Sandeman in the late 19th century. Parts of the state to the north and northeast were leased or ceded to form the province of British Baluchistan which later gained the status of a Chief Commissioners province.
31 March 1948, the state acceded to Pakistan and went on to form the Baluchistan States Unionon 3 October 1952with three neighbouring states. The state of Kalat ceased to exist on 14 October 1955when the province of West Pakistanwas formed.
Rulers of Kalat
The rulers of Kalat held the title of
Walioriginally but in 1739 also took the title (Begler Begi) Khan usually shortened to Khan. The last Khan of Kalat( Urdu: خان قلات) had the privilege of being the President of the Council of Rulers for the Baluchistan States Union.
Baluchistan States Union
* Balochistan region
Khan of Kalat
List of Indian Princely States
* Swidler, N. (1972) "The Development of the Kalat Khanate" "Journal of Asian and African Studies" 7: pp. 115-21
* [http://www.bdd.sdnpk.org/kalat.htm Kalat District - Planning and Development Department of Balochistan Government]
* [http://www.geocities.com/pak_history/baluchistan.html The Land and People of Baluchistan]
* [http://www.chapatimystery.com/archives/homistan/the_baluchistan_issue.html A synopsis of the modern history of Balochistan and the state of Kalat]
* [http://www.uq.net.au/%7Ezzhsoszy/ips/k/kalat.html Genealogy of the Khans of Kalat]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Princely state — For other uses, see Principality and Other princely states. Colonial India British Indian Empire Colonial India Portuguese India … Wikipedia
Princely State of Mysore — Mysore Princely State … Wikipedia
Kolhapur (princely state) — Princely flag of Kolhapur Kolhapur State (1707 1947) was a princely State of British India, under the Deccan Division of the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency. It was considered the fourth most important Mahratta… … Wikipedia
Bahawalpur (princely state) — This article is part of the series Former administrative units of Pakistan Original provinces … Wikipedia
Chitral (princely state) — This article is about the former State of Chitral. For other uses, see Chitral (disambiguation). This article is part of the series Former administrative units of Pakistan Original provinc … Wikipedia
Makran (princely state) — For the region of the same name, see Makran. This article is part of the series Former administrative units of Pakistan Original provinces … Wikipedia
Amb (princely state) — This article is part of the series Former administrative units of Pakistan Original provinces … Wikipedia
Tonk (princely state) — This article is about the Princely State of Tonk. For the city of Tonk, see Tonk, India. For the district of Tonk, see Tonk district. Princely flag of Tonk Tonk was a Princely State of India which by treaty in 1817 accepted British suzerainty.… … Wikipedia
Dholpur (princely state) — Kesarbagh palace, the mansion of the former ruler of the erstwhile Dholpur State in Dholpur, now Dholpur Military School The Dholpur State was a kingdom of eastern Rajputana, India, which was founded in AD 1806 by the Bamraulia clan Jat Rana… … Wikipedia
Nagar (princely state) — This article is part of the series Former administrative units of Pakistan Original provinces … Wikipedia