Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière

Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière
Born November 10, 1693(1693-11-10)
Rochefort, France
Died October 6, 1756(1756-10-06) (aged 62)
Montereau-Fault-Yonne, France
Occupation colonial viceroy, naval commander
Spouse Marie-Catherine-Antoinette de Lauson
Parents Roland Barrin de La Galissonière, Catherine Bégon

Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, Marquis de La Galissonière, sometimes spelled Galissonnière, (1693–1756) was the French governor of New France from 1747 to 1749 and the victor in the Battle of Minorca in 1756.

Contents

New France

La Galissonière had family connections to New France as his mother was a sister of Michel Bégon, the intendant from 1712 to 1726. He also married a relative of Jean de Lauzon, the governor of New France from 1651 to 1657.

La Galissonière was a naval commander who reluctantly accepted the position of Governor due to military necessity. He appears to have been well liked but was limited by resources to accomplish much that would distinguish himself during his stay in New France. He did send Céloron de Blainville to extend France's trading posts and François Picquet to convert the Indians in the Detroit area and the Ohio valley in order to out-flank the British American colonies.

His strength was as an administrator and diplomat. In recognition of his service in New France, he was promoted to the rank of rear-admiral, despite never having been tested militarily. Eventually, he was charged with heading the Dépôt de la Marine.

Minorca

In 1756, La Galissonière supported the invasion of Minorca and was engaged in combat for three hours by Admiral John Byng. La Galissonière was extremely cautious and was rewarded by a British withdrawal. Byng was court-martialed and executed. The modest naval victory over the British was lauded in France to the point that the king was said to be preparing a marshal's baton for La Galissonière's return. However, the naval commander died from illness, aged 63, prior to their meeting.

Scientific interests

He was one of the first sailors of his time to take part in the scientific movement. He had connections with numerous well-known scientists such as Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, Bernard de Jussieu, Pierre-Charles and Louis Guillaume Lemonnier. La Galissonière organized three scientific missions to:

Honours

  • elected as associate at large for the Académie de Marine and the Académie des Sciences
  • La Galissonniere Pavilion at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean was named in his honour.
  • Four ships of the French Navy have been named in his honour :

See also

  • France in the Seven Years War
  • Great Britain in the Seven Years War
Government offices
Preceded by
Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois
French Governor of New France
1747–1749
Succeeded by
Le Marquis de La Jonquière

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière — (* 10. November 1693 in Rochefort; † 26. Oktober 1756 in Montereau Fault Yonne) war ein französischer Seeoffizier, zeitweise Gouverneur von Neufrankreich und Förderer der naturwissenschaftlichen Forschung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roland-Michel Barrin — Rolland Michel Barrin Rolland Michel Barrin (10 novembre 1693 26 octobre 1756), comte de La Galissonière, a été gouverneur intérimaire de la Nouvelle France de 1747 à 1749. Sommaire 1 Débuts dans la Marine 2 Vice gouverneur de Nouvelle France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissionière — Rolland Michel Barrin Rolland Michel Barrin (10 novembre 1693 26 octobre 1756), comte de La Galissonière, a été gouverneur intérimaire de la Nouvelle France de 1747 à 1749. Sommaire 1 Débuts dans la Marine 2 Vice gouverneur de Nouvelle France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • La Galissonnière, Roland-Michel Barrin, marquis de — born Nov. 10, 1693, Rochefort, France died Oct. 26, 1756, Montereau French naval officer. While serving in the French navy (1710–36), he made several supply trips to New France and held various commands in the Atlantic. As commandant general of… …   Universalium

  • Rolland-Michel Barrin — Roland Michel Barrin Comte de La Galissonière Roland Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, gouverneur et lieutenant général en Canada, Acadie, la Louisiane et autres pays en dépendant …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rolland-michel barrin — (10 novembre 1693 26 octobre 1756), comte de La Galissonière, a été gouverneur intérimaire de la Nouvelle France de 1747 à 1749. Sommaire 1 Débuts dans la Marine 2 Vice gouverneur de Nouvelle France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michel Chartier de Lotbinière, Marquis de Lotbinière — Michel Chartier de Lotbinière, 1st Marquis de Lotbinière (1723–1798), Seigneur of Vaudreuil, Lotbinière and Rigaud, Quebec etc. On his advice, the Marquis de Montcalm successfully attacked Fort William Henry in 1757. In 1758, Lotbinière again… …   Wikipedia

  • Michel Bégon (1638-1710) — Michel Bégon, known as Michel V Bégon or le Grand Bégon (25 December 1638, Blois 14 March 1710, Rochefort) was a French ancien regime official. He was intendant de la marine at the port of Rochefort and intendant of the généralité of La Rochelle …   Wikipedia

  • Michel Bégon (1638–1710) — Not to be confused with his son Michel Bégon (1667–1747). Michel Bégon, known as Michel V Bégon or le Grand Bégon (25 December 1638, Blois 14 March 1710, Rochefort) was a French ancien regime official. He was intendant de la marine at the port of …   Wikipedia

  • Galissoniere — (spr. Galissonniëhr), Roland Michel Barrin, Marquis de la G., geb. 1693 in Rochefort; nahm 1710 Seedienste, wurde 1738 Schiffscapitän u. 1745 Generalgouverneur von Canada, kehrte 1749 nach Frankreich zurück, wo er Chef d Escadre wurde,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.