- Cowlitz (tribe)
The Cowlitz are a group of Native American peoples from what is now western
Washingtonstate in the United States. The Cowlitz tribe actually consists of two distinct groups: the Upper Cowlitz, or Taidnapam, and the Lower Cowlitz, or Kawlic.
The original language of Cowlitz tribes, the
Cowlitz language, belonged to the Salishan family of languages among Northwest Coast indigenous peoples. Later, the Upper Cowlitz adopted the Sahaptin languagefrom east of the Cascade Mountains.
The Cowlitz were federally acknowledged on February 14, 2000, and their acknowledgement was reaffirmed in 2002. They are now recognized officially by the United States federal government, and are in the process of establishing federally recognized tribal lands (such as on a reservation) near Longview, Washington.
The Cowlitz produced fully imbricated, coiled baskets with strong geometric designs. These were made of bear grass, cedar root, horse tail root and cedar bark and were used to gather berries and fruits. Such baskets were often repaired and kept through many generations.
The Cowlitz tribe was historically based along the Cowlitz and Lewis Rivers, as well as having a strong presence at Fort Vancouver. The first white man known to have contacted the Cowlitz was Simon Plamondon of Quebec. He eventually married Chief Scanewea's daughter, Thas-e-muth.
The current tribal offices are in
* Fitzpatrick, Darleen Ann. "We Are Cowlitz: A Native American Ethnicity". Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 2004. ISBN 0761826092
* [http://www.cowlitz.org/ Cowlitz Indian Tribe home page]
* United States. [http://worldcatlibraries.org/wcpa/oclc/54005285?page=frame&url=http%3A%2F%2Fpurl.access.gpo.gov%2FGPO%2FLPS41829&title=&linktype=digitalObject&detail= Cowlitz Indian Tribe Distribution of Judgement Funds Act] : Report (to Accompany H.R. 2489) (Including Cost Estimate of the Congressional Budget Office). [Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O., 2003.
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