Sinningia

Taxobox
name = "Sinningia"



image_width = 204px
image_caption = "Sinningia leucotricha"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Lamiales
familia = Gesneriaceae
genus = "Sinningia"
genus_authority = Nees
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = Several, including: "Sinningia brasiliensis" "Sinningia canescens" "Sinningia cooperi" "Sinningia iarae" "Sinningia incarnata" "Sinningia leucotricha" "Sinningia lineata" "Sinningia macropoda" "Sinningia speciosa" "Sinningia tubiflora"
synonyms ="Corytholoma" "Lietzia" "Rechsteineria"

"Sinningia" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae. There are about 65 species of tuberous perennial herbs, all occurring in Central America and South America, with the greatest concentration of species occurring in southern Brazil.

The best-known species, "Sinningia speciosa", was originally introduced to cultivation as "Gloxinia speciosa" and is still commonly known to gardeners and in the horticultural trade as "gloxinia". The true genus "Gloxinia" is distinguished by having scaly rhizomes rather than tubers.

"Sinningia" species often grow on rocks or cliffs and most are pollinated by hummingbirds or bees but "Sinningia brasiliensis" is bat-pollinated, and "Sinningia tubiflora", with large, powerfully fragrant tubular white flowers, is apparently pollinated by sphinx moths. Most of the species have large, brightly colored flowers because of this, numerous species and a large number of hybrids and cultivars are cultivated as houseplants. Some species with particularly large tubers are cultivated by cactus and succulent enthusiasts as caudiciforms. One such example is "Sinningia leucotricha", often listed under the older name "Rechsteineria leucotricha" and dubbed "Brazilian edelweiss" for its covering of silvery, silky hairs. Other species with large tubers are "Sinningia iarae", "Sinningia lineata", and "Sinningia macropoda."

The Brazilian genera "Paliavana" and "Vanhouttea", consisting of shrubby plants without tubers, are closely related to "Sinningia" and recent morphological and molecular analyses (Boggan 1991, Perret et al. 2003) suggest that these genera are, in fact, nontuberous "Sinningia" species. All three genera were included in tribe Gloxinieae in the classification system of Hans Wiehler but are now recognized in their own tribe, Sinningieae.

Numerous genera, including "Corytholoma", "Rechsteineria" and "Lietzia", have been synonymized under "Sinningia".

References

*Boggan, J.K. 1991. 1991. A morphological study and cladistic analysis of "Sinningia" and associated genera with particular reference to "Lembocarpus", "Lietzia", "Paliavana", and "Vanhouttea" (Gesneriaceae: Gloxinieae). Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A. ix + 179 pages, 21 figures. [Copies available at Cornell University and Smithsonian Institution libraries.]
*Perret, M., A. Chautems, R. Spichiger, G. Kite, & V. Savolainen. 2003. Systematics and evolution of tribe Sinningieae (Gesneriaceae): evidence from phylogenetic analyses of six plastid DNA regions and nuclear ncpGS. "American Journal of Botany" 90(3): 445-460.
*Wiehler, H. 1983. A synopsis of the neotropical Gesneriaceae. "Selbyana" 6: 1-219.
*Wiehler, H. and A. Chautems. 1995. A reduction of "Lietzia" to "Sinningia". Gesneriana 1(1): 5-7.

External links

* [http://www.botanik.univie.ac.at/morphology/genera_gesneriaceae/genera/gloxinia.htm "Sinningia"] from [http://www.botanik.univie.ac.at/morphology/genera_gesneriaceae/index.htm The Genera of Gesneriaceae]
* [http://gesneriads.ca/gensinn.htm "Sinningia"] from the [http://gesneriads.ca Gesneriad Reference Web]
* [http://www.aromaticas.es/sinningia-leucotricha/62/ Sinningia leucotricha]


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  • Sinningia — ? Синнингия Синнингия красивая (Sinningia speciosa) Научная классификация Царство: Растения Отдел: Покрытосеменные …   Википедия

  • Sinningia — ID 78602 Symbol Key SINNI Common Name sinningia Family Gesneriaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Sinningia — siningija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šeima. Gesnerijiniai – Gesneriaceae Rich. et Juss. ex DC. atitikmenys: lot. Sinningia angl. gloxinia vok. Garten Gloxinie; Sinningie rus. глоксиния; синингия lenk. syningia; sinningia …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • Sinningia — noun genus of perennial tuberous herbs and shrubs of Central and South America • Syn: ↑genus Sinningia • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Gesneriaceae, ↑family Gesneriaceae, ↑gesneria family …   Useful english dictionary

  • sinningia — /si nin jee euh/, n. any of various tropical American plants belonging to the genus Sinningia, of the gesneria family, including the gloxinia and other species cultivated as houseplants for their variously colored flowers. [ < NL (1825), after… …   Universalium

  • sinningia — sin·nin·gia …   English syllables

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